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German Progress Party Deutsche Fortschrittspartei Founded 1861 Dissolved 1884 Preceded by "Old liberal" group, German National Association Succeeded by German Free-minded Party Newspaper NA Ideology Liberal democracy, Liberalism, Civil nationalism, National liberalism, Parliamentarism, Social progressivism, Laicism, Classical liberalism International affiliation none Politics of Germany Political parties Elections The German Progress Party (Deutsche Fortschrittspartei or DFP) was the first modern political party with a program in Germany, founded by the liberal members of the Prussian Lower House in 6 June, 1861. In its program the party demanded among other things unification of Germany with the central power in Prussia, representative democracy, implementation of the rule of law and larger responsibility for the local government. Between 1861 and 1865 it had the largest group in the Prussian Lower House. After the parliament had approved a law granting an amnesty for the government of Otto von Bismarck for its arbitrary conduct concerning the Austro-Prussian War in 1866, the party split apart. In 1867 the right wing of the party which supported the foreign policy of Bismarck seceded to form the National Liberal Party. In 1868 a democratic-republican wing in Southern Germany seceded to form German People's Party. To characterize Bismarck's politics toward the Catholic Church, the pathologist and member of the parliament of the German Progress Party Rudolf Virchow used the term Kulturkampf the first time on January 17, 1873 in the Prussian house of representatives.[1] In 5 March 1884 the party finally merged with the Liberal Union into German Free-minded Party. The leaders of the party included Baron Leopold von Hoverbeck, Franz Leo Benedikt Waldeck and Hans Victor von Unruh, after the split of 1867 von Hoverbeck and Waldeck, who were soon succeeded by Eugen Richter. Rudolf Virchow was also a member of it, as well as Theodor Mommsen for some time. See also Liberalism Contributions to liberal theory Liberalism worldwide List of liberal parties Liberal democracy Liberalism in Germany References ^ (English) "Kulturkampf". New Catholic Dictionary. 1910. "It was the distinguished liberal politician and scientist, Professor Rudolph Virchow, who first called it the Kulturkampf, or struggle for civilization."  v • d • e Political parties in Germany before 1945 Communist Communist Party of Germany (KPD) · Communist Workers Party of Germany (KAPD) · Communist Party Opposition (KPO) Socialist/Social Democratic General German Workers' Association (ADAV) · Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany (USPD) · Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) · Social Democratic Workers' Party of Germany (SDAP) · Socialist Workers' Party of Germany (SAPD) Catholic Bavarian People's Party (BVP) · Centre Party (Zentrum) Agrarian Bavarian Peasants' League (BB)  · Agricultural League  · Christian National Peasants' and Farmers' Party (CNBL)  · German Farmers' Party (DBP)  · Schleswig-Holsteinische Bauern- und Landarbeiterdemokratie (SHBLD) Liberal German Democratic Party (DDP) · German State Party (DStP) · German People's Party (DVP) · German People's Party (DVP), 1868 foundation  · German Progress Party (DFP)  · German Free-minded Party (DFP)  · Free-minded People's Party (FVP)  · Progressive People's Party (FVP)  · National Liberal Party (NLP) Conservative Conservative People's Party (KVP) · Free Conservative Party (FKP) · German Conservative Party (DKP) · German National People's Party (DNVP) · Christian Social Party (CSP)  · Christian Social People's Service (CSVD) · Reich Party for Civil Rights and Deflation (RVA) Fascist German Workers' Party (DAP) · German Völkisch Freedom Party (DVFP)  · National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP)  · National Socialist Freedom Movement (NSFB) Miscellaneous German-Hanoverian Party (DHP)  · Economic Party of the German Middle Class (WP) This article related to a European Liberal party is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v • d • e This article about a political party in Germany is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v • d • e