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GWR 378 Class 2-2-2 Power type Steam Designer Joseph Armstrong Builder GWR, Swindon Works Order number 1st Lot Pass; Lot 19 Serial number 69–78; 175–194 Build date 1866; 1869 Total production 30 Configuration 2-2-2 Gauge 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) Leading wheel diameter 4 ft 0 in (1,220 mm) Driver diameter 7 ft 0 in (2,130 mm) Trailing wheel diameter 4 ft 0 in (1,220 mm) Wheelbase 16 ft 0 in (4,880 mm) Weight on drivers 13 tons 1 cwt (29,200 lb/13.2 t) Locomotive weight 29 tons 13 cwt (66,400 lb/30.1 t) Fuel type Coal Boiler pressure 140 psi (970 kPa) Fire grate area 16.6 sq ft (1.54 m2) Heating surface: Total 1,203 sq ft (111.8 m2) Cylinders Two, inside Cylinder size 17 × 24 in (430 × 610 mm) Tractive effort 9,624 lbf (42.81 kN) Career Great Western Railway Number in class 30 Number 378–387; 471–480; 577–586 Official name 378 Class Nicknames Sir Daniel Withdrawn 1898–1904 Disposition 7 scrapped; 23 rebuilt as 0-6-0 The GWR 378 Class (also known as the Sir Daniel Class) was a class of 30 standard-gauge 2-2-2 steam locomotives on the Great Western Railway. They were introduced in 1866, and the class remained intact until 1898. Several were altered to the 0-6-0 wheel arrangement, and the last was withdrawn from service in 1920. Contents 1 History 2 0-6-0 rebuilds 3 Notes 3.1 Footnotes 3.2 Page notes 4 References // History Joseph Armstrong designed a class of 2-2-2 standard-gauge passenger locomotives, ten of which were built in 1866 at the Swindon Works of the Great Western Railway (GWR).[1] They were the first standard-gauge passenger tender locomotives to be built at Swindon.[2] In 1869, a further 20 were built, also at Swindon,[1] which differed little from the first 10, although the safety-valve covers were of different shape.[2] The locomotives were built as follows:[3] Dates built Swindon order[note 1] Works nos. Quantity GWR numbers September–October 1866 1st Lot Passenger 69–78 10 378–387 June 1869 19th Lot 175–177 3 471–3 June–August 1869 19th Lot 178–187 10 1112–21 (later 577–586) August–September 1869 19th Lot 188–190 7 474–480 Ten locomotives were numbered 1112–21 when new,[1] in a separate series designated for engines paid for out of receipts as opposed to capital.[5] They were renumbered into the capital list as 577–586 in July or August 1870,[6][1] when a similar quantity of old broad-gauge engines were taken out of service.[6] Two of the 378 class were named when new. No. 378 (built 1866) was named Sir Daniel in honour of Sir Daniel Gooch, who had resigned from the GWR in 1864;[7][8] as a result, the class was sometimes known as the Sir Daniel class.[1] No. 471 (built 1869) was named Sir Watkin,[7] after Sir Watkin Williams-Wynn;[9] the name was taken from a broad-gauge locomotive of the Sir Watkin class,[7][10] and the latter locomotive may have received the name Wynn in replacement.[10] The name was removed from no. 471 when it was rebuilt as an 0-6-0 in 1901, but no. 378 retained its name until it was withdrawn in 1898.[7] Two more were named later on. Nos. 380 and 381 received the names North Star and Morning Star respectively,[7] these being the names of the two oldest members of the broad-gauge Star class, which were withdrawn in 1871 and 1869 respectively.[11] Both 380 and 381 lost their names c. 1897.[7] The Sir Daniels worked expresses from London to Wolverhampton, to Worcester, and northwards, later also working into Somerset, south Wales and elsewhere as the standard gauge spread. As late as 1893 Charles Rous-Marten noted a fine run with one of the class on a principal Cornish express between Exeter and Bristol.[12] Three of the locomotives – nos. 378, 383 & 479 – were scrapped between 1898 and 1900, but William Dean then began rebuilding the remainder as 0-6-0 goods engines. In 1902, after 23 had been so treated, G.J. Churchward (Dean's successor) decided that no more rebuilding would be carried out, and so nos. 382/6, 478 & 579 were scrapped unaltered in 1903 and 1904.[7] 0-6-0 rebuilds GWR 378 Class 0-6-0[note 2] Designer William Dean Rebuilder GWR, Swindon Works Rebuild date 1900–02 Number rebuilt 23 Configuration 0-6-0 Driver diameter 5 ft 2 in (1,570 mm) Axle load 15 tons 2 cwt (33,800 lb/15.3 t) Locomotive weight 34 tons 5 cwt (76,700 lb/34.8 t) Water capacity 3,000 imp gal (14,000 l) Tractive effort 14,263 lbf (63.44 kN) Power class Ungrouped Axle load class Uncoloured Withdrawn 1903–20 Disposition All scrapped Between 1900 and 1902,[13] 23 of the Sir Daniel 2-2-2s were rebuilt as 0-6-0s to a design by William Dean. Apart from the provision of new wheels of 5 ft 2 in (1.57 m) diameter, the only alterations necessary were to the frames.[14] The 0-6-0 locomotives were withdrawn between 1903 and 1920,[13] the last two (nos. 381 & 474) lasting long enough to be placed in the "ungrouped" power classification and "uncoloured" weight classification in 1919.[14] Notes Footnotes ^ Originally, Swindon ran separate series of lot numbers for different categories of engines. From 1868, a single series was used for standard gauge locos, beginning at "14th Lot"[4] ^ Only changed dimensions shown Page notes ^ a b c d e Tabor 1956, p. D9. ^ a b Tabor 1956, p. D10. ^ Tabor 1956, pp. D9,D11. ^ Allcock et al. 1951, p. 23. ^ Allcock et al. 1951, pp. 7,8. ^ a b Allcock et al. 1951, p. 9. ^ a b c d e f g Tabor 1956, p. D11. ^ Davies 1993, p. P146. ^ Davies 1993, p. P147. ^ a b Reed 1953, p. B29. ^ Reed 1953, p. B11. ^ Tabor 1956, pp. D11-D12. ^ a b Tabor 1956, p. D81. ^ a b Tabor 1956, p. D80. References Allcock, N.J.; Davies, F.K.; le Fleming, H.M.; Maskelyne, J.N.; Reed, P.J.T.; Tabor, F.J. (June 1951). White, D.E.. ed. The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, part one: Preliminary Survey. Kenilworth: RCTS. ISBN 0 901115 17 7.  Davies, Ken (April 1993). The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, part fourteen: Names and their Origins - Railmotor Services - War Service - The Complete Preservation Story. Lincoln: RCTS. ISBN 0 901115 75 4.  Reed, P.J.T. (February 1953). White, D.E.. ed. The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, part two: Broad Gauge. Kenilworth: RCTS. ISBN 0 901115 32 0.  Tabor, F.J. (February 1956). White, D.E.. ed. The Locomotives of the Great Western Railway, part four: Six-wheeled Tender Engines. Kenilworth: RCTS.  v • d • e Great Western Railway locomotives Swindon Broad gauge Brunel: (1833–1837) Haigh Foundry · Mather, Dixon · Sharp, Roberts · Charles Tayleur · Hurricane · Thunderer Gooch: (1837–1864) Ariadne · Banking · Bogie · Caesar · Firefly · Hercules · Iron Duke · Leo · Metropolitan · Premier · Prince · Pyracmon · Star · Sun · Victoria · Waverley J. Armstrong: (1864–1877) Hawthorn · Rover · Sir Watkin · Standard Goods · Swindon · 1076 Dean: (1877–1902) Experimental locomotives (8, 14, 16) · 3001 · 3501 · 3521 Wolverhampton Standard gauge J. Armstrong: (1854–1864) 7/8/30/110 · 17 · 111 · 302 G. Armstrong: (1864–1897) 34 · 108 · 119 · 322 (tank engine) · 517 · 633 · 645 · 655 · 850 · 1016 · 1901 · 3571 Swindon Standard gauge Gooch: (1855–1864) 57 · 69 · 77/167 · 79 · 91 · 93 · 131/310 · England/Chancellor (149) · Sharps (157) · 320 · Beyer (322) J. Armstrong: (1864–1877) Queen/Sir Alexander (55) · Metro Tank (455) · 56/717 · Coal Goods (927) · 360 · Sir Daniel (378) · Standard Goods (388) · Bicycle (439) · 481 · 806 · 1076 Dean: (1877–1902) Experimental locomotives (1, 7, 9, 10, 13) · 36 · River (69) · Sharpies/Cobham (157) · 1661 · 1813 · 1854 · 2021 · 2201 · 2301 · 2361 · Kruger (2602) · Aberdare (2600) · 2721 · Dean Single · 3201 · 3206 · 3232 · Duke · Bulldog · 3521 · 3600 · Badminton Churchward: (1902–1921) La France · President · The Great Bear · 1361 · County Tank · 2800 · Saint · 3100 · City · County · Star · 4200 · 4300 · 4400 · 4500 · 4700 · Rail motors Collett: (1922–1941) 1366 · 1400 · 2251 · 2884 · ex-ROD 2-8-0 · Earl · Castle · 4575 · Hall · 5101 · 5205 · 5400 · 5600 · 5700 · 5800 · King · 6100 · 6400 · Grange · 7200 · 7400 · Manor Hawksworth: (1941–1947) County · 1500 · 1600 · Modified Hall · 9400 By wheel arr. (grouped): 0-4-0 ST · 0-6-0 PT · 0-6-2 T · 2-6-2 T Absorbed locomotives Barry Railway: A · B · B1 · C · D · E · F · G · H · K · J · L Rhymney Railway: A · AP · B · I · K · L · L1 · M · P · P1 · R · S · S1 Taff Vale Railway: A · C · D · E · H · K · L · M1 · N · O · O1 · O2 · O3 · O4 · S · T · U · U1 · V British Railways steam locomotives · GWR locomotives · LMS locomotives · LNER locomotives · Southern Railway locomotives