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Rasgulla ରସଗୋଲା Rasagollas from Pahala (Bhubaneswar) Origin Alternative name(s) Rasagola, rasagolla, rosogola, roshogolla, khirmohan, kheermohan Place of origin India Region or state Orissa, West Bengal Dish details Main ingredient(s) Chhena, Semolina, Sugar Variations Kolkata white roshogolla Rasgulla (Oriya: ରସଗୋଲା rasagola; Bengali: রসগোল্লা rôshogolla; Hindi: रसगुल्ला rasgullā) is a very popular cheese based, syrupy sweet dish originally from Orissa[1][2][3][4]. It is popular throughout India and South Asia[5]. The dish is made from balls of chhena (an Indian cottage cheese) and semolina dough, cooked in sugar syrup.[4] Contents 1 Nutrition 2 History 2.1 Puri temple tradition 3 Variations 4 Derivatives 5 See also 6 External links 7 References // Nutrition Typically, a 100 gm serving of rasgulla contains 186 calories, out of which, about 153 calories are in the form of carbohydrates. It also contains about 1.85 grams of fat and 4 grams of protein[6]. History The rasgulla made its debut in Orissa, where it is also known by its original name, Khirmohan[6][7][8][9][10][11]. It has been a traditional Oriya dish for centuries[12][13][14][15][16][17][18]. People throughout the state consider the rasgullas prepared by the Kar brothers, the descendants of a local confectioner, Bikalananda Kar, in the town of Salepur, near Cuttack to be the best[19]. Another variant of this dish that is made in the town of Pahala, located between the cities of Bhubaneswar and Cuttack, is also very popular locally[20]. Pahala, where only rasgulla and its derivatives, chhenapoda and chhenagaja are available, is reputed to be the largest market in the world for chhena sweets[20]. In the middle of the nineteenth century, the popularity of rasgulla spread to neighboring West Bengal[11][21][22][23][24]. This was during a period when Bengali cuisine borrowed heavily from Oriya culinary traditions[25][26]. One of the earliest pioneers of the rasgulla, a sweet seller called Haradhan Moira was probably the first to introduce the dish to Bengal. A confectioner from Kolkata, N. C. Das simplified the original dish so that it could be cooked in household kitchens. It was through him that the rasgulla was incorporated into the local palate. N. C. Das's son, K. C. Das started large scale production the sweet, eventually leading to its wider availability. This mass produced version became known as the sponge rasgulla. Even today, it is the simpler sponge rasgulla that is available in Kolkata, while the rest of Bengal adheres to the original, more elaborate Oriya recipe. Eventually rasgullas gained popularity all across India and the rest of South Asia. Although traditionally sold inside clay pots called handis in Orissa and sometimes in Bengal, sponge rasgullas in cans have become popular nowadays. Such canned rasgullas are available throughout India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, as well as in South Asian grocery stores in Britain and North America.[4] They are marketed not only by K. C. Das and other confectioners, but also by several other Indian sweet makers from places such as Bikaner and Delhi. More recently, it has been marketed by the Kar brothers as well. In Nepal, the rasgulla is popular under the name Rasbari[27]. Puri temple tradition In the coastal city of Puri in Orissa, the rasgulla has been the traditional offering to the Hindu goddess, Lakshmi, the consort of the Puri temple's main deity, Jagannath[28][29]. In fact, it is an age-old custom inside the temple to offer rasgullas to Lakshmi in order to appease her wrath for being ignored, on the last day of the eleven day long Rath Yatra (chariot festival)[30][31]. Only after the goddess has savored rasgullas, do the trinity of deities re-enter the temple precincts after their sojourn. Copious quantities of rasgullas are distributed to the numerous devotees who throng to witness the event. This intricate ritual, called Niladri Vijay, has traditionally marked the commencement of the festival every year[32][33][34][35][36]. The genesis of this temple tradition of offering rasgullas has been obscured with the passage of time. Nonetheless, it has led scholars to believe that the sweet may in fact owe its origin to the very temple itself. Eminent historian, J. Padhi has claimed that "The rasgulla is more than 600 years old. It is as old as the Rath Yatra in Puri"[16][37][38]. Upon close examination of religious scriptures in Puri, Padhi, as well as another researcher, S. C. Mahapatra have discovered that this practice of offering rasgullas to Lakshmi dates back at least 300 years[37]. "The Rath Yatra, which started more than six centuries ago, has not changed with times. And until today, rasgulla is the only sweet offered to Mahalaxmi [Lakshmi], Jagannath’s consort, to appease her when the deities return home," Padhi observes[37][38]. The antiquity of this sweet is further highlighted by traditional Oriya folklore that likens Jagannath's round eyes to rasgullas[38]. It has been suggested that Bengali visitors to Puri might have carried the recipe for rasgulla back to Bengal in the nineteenth century[16]. Variations The original Oriya rasgullas tend to be cream-colored. Rasgullas are usually served at room temperature or colder. Modern Indian households also tend to serve them chilled[20]. A popular variant in Orissa and Bengal is freshly prepared hot rasgullas. In Orissa, it is not uncommon to embed a single raisin or cashew inside each rasgulla. Cardamom seeds may also be embedded to create a fragrant version. In northern India, the dish comes flavored in saffron, rosewater, and sometimes garnished with chopped pistachios. Derivatives Rasgulla is the first syrupy Indian cheese desserts. It is the precursor of many other eastern Indian delicacies, such as chhena jhilli, rasmalai, chhena gaja, raskadam, chamcham, pantua, malai chop, and kheersagar. Rasgulla, along with chhena gaja and chhena poda, forms the classic Oriya trinity of chhena desserts. In Bengal, rasgulla and a variety of other chhena sweets such as sondesh, are collectively referred to as Bengali sweets. Kamalabhog, which mixes orange extract with the chhena, is commonly sold in Bengal. In the dish kheersagar, thick, sweetened milk called rabidi is used instead of sugar syrup. While this dish is largely confined to Orissa, a similar dish rasmalai has become very popular throughout India, mainly due to the efforts of the Kolkata based confectioners K. C. Das, Ganguram and Bhim Nag. In that, the syrup is replaced with sweetened milk of a thinner consistency. Malai chop, a Kolkata invention, consists of prepared chhena that is sandwiched with a layer of sweetened clotted cream. In the Bengali pantua, the chhena balls are deep fried in oil before being soaked in syrup. See also List of Indian sweets and desserts List of Pakistani sweets and desserts Oriya cuisine External links Orissa: Bhubaneshwar, Puri, Cuttack & Konark - Land Of Gods & Great Food Wikibooks Cookbook has a recipe/module on Rasgulla References ^ "Food and Beverage News". June-16-2009. http://www.fnbnews.com/article/detnews.asp?articleid=25597&sectionid=32.  ^ Munus Shanker (2009). "Indian Sweets and Desserts". http://www.dietamerica.net/Desserts/1118.html.  ^ Rohit Srivastava (Oct-19-2008). "Woo your love with rasgullas not chocolates". http://www.merinews.com/article/woo-your-love-with-rasgullas-not-chocolates/144882.shtml.  ^ a b c Riya Aarini (Oct-19-2010). "Chicago Indian dessert review: Rasgulla-an Indian dessert well worth your time".  ^ "Kolkata, India". http://www.indiatouristspots.com/cities/kolkata.html.  ^ a b "Nutrition Information for Rasgulla". http://www.livestrong.com/article/49345-nutrition-information-rasgulla/.  ^ "Origins of Indian Food - II - Rossagolla". http://ponniyinselvan.in/forum/history-discussions/origins-indian-food-ii-rossagolla-7225.html.  ^ "Recipe Rasgulla". http://www.indiacurry.com/desserts/ds014rasgulla.htm.  ^ "The Sweet Wars: Rasagolla vs. Chhena Poda". http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/cms.dll/articleshow?art_ID=19188687.  ^ Faisal Khan. "King's Curry Newsletter, Winter Season 2008.". http://www.kingskurry.ch/news/20081201.pdf.  ^ a b Maureen Katemopoulos, Demand Media (May, 2010). "Typical Foods of India". http://traveltips.usatoday.com/typical-food-india-11306.html.  ^ "Rasagulla or Rosogulla". http://www.sonzyskitchen.com/tag/recipe/.  ^ David Cecelski (3-2-2009). "Cary's Little India". http://www.ncfolk.org/ncfood/CarysLittleIndia.aspx.  ^ "Famous Indian Sweets and Desserts". http://zurosmakonline.com/articles-from-zurosmak/40-food-and-recipes/53-famous-indian-sweets-and-desserts?format=pdf.  ^ "Recipe: Rasgullas". http://www.foodista.com/recipe/JSKPQC6S/rasgullas.  ^ a b c Michael Krondl (Summer 2010). "The Sweetshops of Kolkata". Gastronomica Journal (Univ. of Calif. Press), Vol. 10, No. 3. pp. 58–65.  ^ "Cuisines of Orissa". http://www.indfy.com/orissa-india/cuisines.html.  ^ Suman Bolar (5-24-2010). "Odiya Cuisine". http://foodtravelbangalore.wordpress.com/2010/05/24/odiya-cuisine/.  ^ "Rasgulla". http://www.bangalinet.com/rasgulla.html.  ^ a b c "The Sweet Bypass on NH-5". http://www.uppercrustindia.com/12crust/twelve/season8.htm.  ^ Athena Hessong. "How to Make Rasgulla at Home". http://www.ehow.co.uk/how_6557783_make-rasgulla-home.html.  ^ Shahnoor Wahid (5-30-2008). "Evolution of our cuisine". http://www.thedailystar.net/magazine/2008/05/05/view.htm.  ^ Stanley Varghese (2010). "Rasgulla". http://www.kosmix.com/topic/rasgulla.  ^ "Personality of Kolkata". 5-2-2010. http://www.buzzintown.com/delhi/article-review--personality-kolkata/ref--home-buzztravel/id--1163.html.  ^ "Origin of Rasgulla, History of Rasgulla". http://lifestyle.iloveindia.com/lounge/history-of-rasgulla-2327.html.  ^ "Chhena podo". http://www.hindu.com/mp/2009/04/11/stories/2009041153080500.htm.  ^ "Rasgulla". http://www.food-india.com/recipe/R001_025/R001.htm.  ^ "Lord Jagannath returns to main temple". Kalinga Times (newspaper). July 16, 2008. http://www.kalingatimes.com/orissa_news/news3/20080716-Lord-Jagannath-returns-to-main-temple.htm.  ^ "Stage set for Return Car Festival of Lord Jagannath". New Kerala (newspaper). July 20, 2010. http://www.newkerala.com/news2/fullnews-4475.html.  ^ "Trinity Home". http://www.newindpress.com/NewsItems.asp?ID=IEQ20070728231935&Page=Q&Title=Orissa&Topic=0.  ^ "Puri Facts". http://www.idiscoverindia.com/Travel_Puri/Puri_facts_figure.html.  ^ "Offering Sweets to Mahalaxmi, Deities enter Sanctum Sanctorum". Sampradaya Sun (Independent Vaisnava newspaper). July 24, 2010. http://www.harekrsna.com/sun/news/07-10/news3407.htm.  ^ "Puri Deities back in Sanctum Sanctorum". Orissa TV. July 7, 2009. http://www.orissatv.com/NewsDetail.asp?newsId=NS5703.  ^ "Bahuda Jatra: Returning to Sri Mandir". Orissa State Government Portal. July 2, 2009. http://www.orissa.gov.in/portal/LIWPL/event_archive/Events_Archives/86Bahuda_Jatra_2009.pdf.  ^ "Lord's Return". Welcome Orissa. 2010. http://www.welcomeorissa.com/orissa_news-20939.html.  ^ "Sweet and sermon return for deities". The Telegraph (newspaper), editorial. July 26, 2010. http://www.telegraphindia.com/1100726/jsp/orissa/story_12725909.jsp.  ^ a b c Mohapatra, Debabrata (2007-07-29). "Researchers Claim Rasgullas Were Born In Puri". Times News Network.  ^ a b c Padhi, Jagabandhu (2000). "Sri Jagannatha at Puri". S.G.N. 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