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This article is about the Swiss physicist. For the man accused of espionage, see Felix Bloch (diplomatic officer). Felix Bloch Felix Bloch (1905-1983) Born October 23, 1905(1905-10-23) Zürich, Switzerland Died September 10, 1983(1983-09-10) (aged 77) Zürich, Switzerland Nationality Swiss Fields Physics Institutions University of California, Berkeley Stanford University Alma mater ETH Zürich and University of Leipzig Doctoral advisor Werner Heisenberg Known for NMR Bloch wall Bloch's Theorem Bloch Function (Wave) Notable awards Nobel Prize for Physics (1952) Felix Bloch (October 23, 1905 – September 10, 1983) was a Swiss physicist, working mainly in the U.S. Contents 1 Life and work 2 See also 3 Footnotes 4 References 5 External links 6 Research resources Life and work Bloch was born in Zürich, Switzerland to Jewish parents Gustav and Agnes Bloch. He was educated there and at the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, also in Zürich. Initially studying engineering he soon changed to physics. During this time he attended lectures and seminars given by Peter Debye and Hermann Weyl at ETH Zürich and Erwin Schrödinger at the neighboring University of Zürich. A fellow student in these seminars was John von Neumann. Graduating in 1927 he continued his physics studies at the University of Leipzig with Werner Heisenberg, gaining his doctorate in 1928. His doctoral thesis established the quantum theory of solids, using Bloch waves to describe the electrons. He remained in European academia, studying with Wolfgang Pauli in Zürich, Niels Bohr in Copenhagen and Enrico Fermi in Rome before he went back to Leipzig assuming a position as privatdozent (lecturer). In 1933, immediately after Hitler came to power, he left Germany, emigrating to work at Stanford University in 1934. In the fall of 1938, Bloch began working with the University of California at Berkeley 37" cyclotron to determine the magnetic moment of the neutron.[1] Bloch went on to become the first professor for theoretical physics at Stanford. In 1939, he became a naturalized citizen of the United States. During WW II he worked on nuclear power at Los Alamos National Laboratory, before resigning to join the radar project at Harvard University. After the war he concentrated on investigations into nuclear induction and nuclear magnetic resonance, which are the underlying principles of MRI.[2] In 1946 he proposed the Bloch equations which determine the time evolution of nuclear magnetization. He and Edward Mills Purcell were awarded the 1952 Nobel Prize for "their development of new ways and methods for nuclear magnetic precision measurements."[3] In 1954–1955, he served for one year as the first Director-General of CERN. In 1961, he was made Max Stein Professor of Physics at Stanford University. See also List of Jewish Nobel laureates Footnotes ^ http://www.osti.gov/accomplishments/bloch.html ^ Shampo, M A; Kyle R A (September 1995). "Felix Bloch--developer of magnetic resonance imaging". Mayo Clin. Proc. 70 (9): 889. PMID 7643644.  ^ - Sohlman, M (Ed.) Nobel Foundation directory 2003. Vastervik, Sweden: AB CO Ekblad; 2003. References Robert Hofstadter (1984). "Felix Bloch". Physics Today 37 (3): 115–116. doi:10.1063/1.2916128. http://ptonline.aip.org/getpdf/servlet/GetPDFServlet?filetype=pdf&id=PHTOAD000037000003000115000001&idtype=cvips&bypassSSO=1.  "Nobel Prize for Physics, 1952". Nature 170 (4335): 911–912. 1952. Bibcode 1952Natur.170R.911.. doi:10.1038/170911b0.  "Deputy Director-General: Prof. E. Amaldi". Nature 174 (4434): 774–775. 1954. Bibcode 1954Natur.174R.774.. doi:10.1038/174774c0.  McGraw-Hill Modern Men of Science. 1. McGraw-Hill. 1966. pp. 45–46. ISBN 978-0070452176.  National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. 61. James T. White & Co. 1984. pp. 310–312. ISBN 0883710404.  External links Biography and Bibliographic Resources, from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, United States Department of Energy http://nobelprize.org/physics/laureates/1952/bloch-bio.html http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/spc/xml/sc0303.xml Oral History interview transcript with Felix Bloch 14 May 1964, American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library and Archives Oral History interview transcript with Felix Bloch 15 August 1968, American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library and Archives Oral History interview transcript with Felix Bloch 15 December 1981, American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library and Archives Research resources Bloch, F.; Staub, H. "Fission Spectrum", Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) (through predecessor agency Los Alamos Scientific Lab), United States Department of Energy (through predecessor agency the US Atomic Energy Commission), (August 18, 1943). Felix Bloch Papers, 1931-1987 (33 linear ft.) are housed in the Department of Special Collections and University Archives at Stanford University Libraries v · d · eNobel Laureates in Physics 1901–1925 Röntgen (1901) · Lorentz / Zeeman (1902) · Becquerel / P. Curie / M. Curie (1903) · Rayleigh (1904) · Lenard (1905) · Thomson (1906) · Michelson (1907) · Lippmann (1908) · Marconi / Braun (1909) · van der Waals (1910) · Wien (1911) · Dalén (1912) · Kamerlingh Onnes (1913) · Laue (1914) · W. L. Bragg / W. H. Bragg (1915) · Barkla (1917) · Planck (1918) · Stark (1919) · Guillaume (1920) · Einstein (1921) · N. Bohr (1922) · Millikan (1923) · M. Siegbahn (1924) · Franck / Hertz (1925) 1926–1950 Perrin (1926) · Compton / C. Wilson (1927) · O. Richardson (1928) · De Broglie (1929) · Raman (1930) · Heisenberg (1932) · Schrödinger / Dirac (1933) · Chadwick (1935) · Hess / C. D. Anderson (1936) · Davisson / Thomson (1937) · Fermi (1938) · Lawrence (1939) · Stern (1943) · Rabi (1944) · Pauli (1945) · Bridgman (1946) · Appleton (1947) · Blackett (1948) · Yukawa (1949) · Powell (1950) 1951–1975 Cockcroft / Walton (1951) · Bloch / Purcell (1952) · Zernike (1953) · Born / Bothe (1954) · Lamb / Kusch (1955) · Shockley / Bardeen / Brattain (1956) · Yang / T. D. Lee (1957) · Cherenkov / Frank / Tamm (1958) · Segrè / Chamberlain (1959) · Glaser (1960) · Hofstadter / Mössbauer (1961) · Landau (1962) · Wigner / Goeppert-Mayer / Jensen (1963) · Townes / Basov / Prokhorov (1964) · Tomonaga / Schwinger / Feynman (1965) · Kastler (1966) · Bethe (1967) · Alvarez (1968) · Gell-Mann (1969) · Alfvén / Néel (1970) · Gabor (1971) · Bardeen / Cooper / Schrieffer (1972) · Esaki / Giaever / Josephson (1973) · Ryle / Hewish (1974) · A. Bohr / Mottelson / Rainwater (1975) 1976–2000 Richter / Ting (1976) · P. W. Anderson / Mott / Van Vleck (1977) · Kapitsa / Penzias / R. Wilson (1978) · Glashow / Salam / Weinberg (1979) · Cronin / Fitch (1980) · Bloembergen / Schawlow / K. Siegbahn (1981) · K. Wilson (1982) · Chandrasekhar / Fowler (1983) · Rubbia / van der Meer (1984) · von Klitzing (1985) · Ruska / Binnig / Rohrer (1986) · Bednorz / Müller (1987) · Lederman / Schwartz / Steinberger (1988) · Ramsey / Dehmelt / Paul (1989) · Friedman / Kendall / R. Taylor (1990) · de Gennes (1991) · Charpak (1992) · Hulse / J. Taylor (1993) · Brockhouse / Shull (1994) · Perl / Reines (1995) · D. Lee / Osheroff / R. Richardson (1996) · Chu / Cohen-Tannoudji / Phillips (1997) · Laughlin / Störmer / Tsui (1998) · 't Hooft / Veltman (1999) · Alferov / Kroemer / Kilby (2000) 2001–present Cornell / Ketterle / Wieman (2001) · Davis / Koshiba / Giacconi (2002) · Abrikosov / Ginzburg / Leggett (2003) · Gross / Politzer / Wilczek (2004) · Glauber / Hall / Hänsch (2005) · Mather / Smoot (2006) · Fert / Grünberg (2007) · Nambu / Kobayashi / Maskawa (2008) · Kao / Boyle / Smith (2009) · Geim / Novoselov (2010)  Book:Nobel Prize in Physics ·  Category:Nobel laureates in Physics ·  Portal:Physics ·  Nobel Prize in Physics v · d · ePresidents of the American Physical Society 1899-1925 Henry Augustus Rowland (1899) · Albert Abraham Michelson (1901) · Arthur Gordon Webster (1903) · Carl Barus (1905) · Edward Leamington Nichols (1907) · H. Crew (1909) · W. Magie (1911) · B. Peirce (1913) · E. Merritt (1914) · Robert Andrews Millikan (1916) · H. Bumstead (1918) · J. Ames (1919) · Theodore Lyman (1921) · Thomas Corwin Mendenhall (1923) · Dayton Miller (1925) 1926-1950 Karl Taylor Compton (1927) · H. Gale (1929) · William Francis Gray Swann (1931) · P. Foote (1933) · Arthur Compton (1934) · Robert W. Wood (1935) · F. Richtmyer (1936) · H. Randall (1937) · L. Briggs (1938) · J. Tate (1939) · John Zeleny (1940) · George Braxton Pegram (1941) · G. Stewart (1941) · Percy Williams Bridgman (1942) · A. Hull (1943) · Arthur Jeffrey Dempster (1944) · Harvey Fletcher (1945) · Edward Condon (1946) · Lee Alvin DuBridge (1947) · J. Robert Oppenheimer (1948) · Francis Wheeler Loomis (1949) · Isidor Isaac Rabi (1950) 1951-1975 Charles Christian Lauritsen (1951) · John Hasbrouck Van Vleck (1952) · Enrico Fermi (1953) · H. Bethe (1954) · Raymond Thayer Birge (1955) · E. Wigner (1956) · Henry DeWolf Smyth (1957) · J. Beams (1958) · George Eugene Uhlenbeck (1959) · V. Weisskopf (1960) · Frederick Seitz (1961) · William Vermillion Houston (1962) · J. Williams (1963) · R. Bacher (1964) · Felix Bloch (1965) · John Archibald Wheeler (1966) · Charles Hard Townes (1967) · James M. Bardeen (1968) · Luis Walter Alvarez (1969) · Edward Mills Purcell (1970) · R. Serber (1971) · Philip M. Morse (1972) · J. Mayer (1973) · Wolfgang K. H. Panofsky (1974) · Chien-Shiung Wu (1975) 1976-2000 W. Fowler (1976) · George Pake (1977) · N. Ramsey (1978) · Lewis M. Branscomb (1979) · Herman Feshbach (1980) · Arthur Leonard Schawlow (1981) · Maurice Goldhaber (1982) · Robert Marshak (1983) · Mildred Dresselhaus (1984) · Robert R. Wilson (1985) · Sidney Drell (1986) · Val Logsdon Fitch (1987) · J. Krumhansl (1989) · Eugen Merzbacher (1990) · Nicolaas Bloembergen (1991) · Ernest M. Henley (1992) · Donald N. Langenberg (1993) · B. Richter (1994) · C. Patel (1995) · J. Schrieffer (1996) · D. Bromley (1997) · A. Sessler (1998) · J. Friedman (1999) · J. Langer (2000) 2001-present G. Trilling (2001) · W. Brinkman (2002) · M. Sarachik (2003) · H. Quinn (2004) · M. Cohen (2005) · J. Hopfield (2006) · L. Kadanoff (2007) · A. Bienenstock (2008) · C. Murray (2009) Persondata Name Bloch, Felix Alternative names Short description Physicist Date of birth October 23, 1905(1905-10-23) Place of birth Zürich, Switzerland Date of death September 10, 1983(1983-09-10) Place of death Zürich, Switzerland