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This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2010) "Luggage" redirects here. For other uses, see Luggage (disambiguation) and Baggage (disambiguation). A trunk Baggage is any number of bags, cases and containers which hold a traveller's articles during transit. The modern traveller can be expected to have packages containing clothing, toiletries, small possessions, trip necessities, and on the return-trip, souvenirs. For some, luggage and the style thereof is representative of the owner's wealth. Baggage - 1596, from lug (v.) "to drag;" so, lit. "what has to be lugged about" (or, in Johnson's definition, "any thing of more bulk than value"). In 20c., the usual word for "baggage belonging to passengers."[1] Luggage can be synonymous with "Baggage", or can refer to the train of people and goods, both military and of a personal nature, which commonly followed pre-modern armies on campaign. The baggage was considered a strategic resource and guarded by a rear guard. Its loss was considered to weaken and demoralize an army, leading to rearguard attacks such as that at the Battle of Agincourt. Luggage has changed over time. Historically the most common types of luggage were Chests or trunks made of wood or other heavy materials. These would be shipped by professional movers. Since the Second World War smaller and more lightweight suitcases and bags that can be carried by an individual have become the main form of luggage. With more and more passengers travelling by air the baggage handlers have seen an increase of passengers using the airline transport industry's ATA 300 Specifications for baggage designs acceptable for air transport, including both 'hand luggage' and 'hold luggage'. Contents 1 Types of luggage 2 Luggage features 3 Hold luggage 4 Hand luggage 5 Etymology 6 Left luggage 7 Luggage forwarding 8 See also 9 References 10 External links Types of luggage Trunk - A wooden box, generally much larger than other kinds of luggage. Trunks come in smaller sizes as in the case of footlockers and larger ones called steamers. These days trunks are more commonly used for storage than transportation. Items large enough to require a trunk are now usually shipped in transport cases. Some of the better known trunk makers are Louis Vuitton, Goyard, Moynat, Haskell Brothers, M. M. Secor, Leatheroid, Clinton, Hartmann, Oshkosh, Molloy, Truesdale, and Taylor. Suitcase - A general term that may refer to wheeled or non-wheeled luggage, as well as soft or hard side luggage. Wheeled Upright - A relatively new type of luggage that incorporates an extending handle that allows the traveler to roll it in an upright position. Garment Bag - A style of luggage that folds over on itself to allow long garments such as suits or dresses to be packed flat to avoid creasing. Garment bags come in both wheeled and non-wheeled models, and are usually one of the largest pieces in any set of luggage Tote - A small bag, usually worn on the shoulder, though wheeled models with extending handles have become popular in recent years. Duffel bag - A barrel-shaped bag, almost exclusively soft side, is well suited to casual travel, with very little organization inside. A small bag, usually worn on the shoulder, though wheeled models with extending handles have become popular in recent years. The spelling of this luggage type "duffle" is also valid. Carpet bag - travel luggage traditionally made from carpets. Rolling Luggage - Referring to various types of wheeled luggage either with or without telescoping handles. Typically two fixed wheels on one end with the handle located on the opposite for vertical movement. Luggage features Wheels - rolling suitcases have become increasingly popular over the last decade. Although dating back to the 17th century in a sense when one of Hungarys princes or (Counts) Harakaly of Hungary wheeled his trunks through town and later wheeled a man who mocked him through the village dead. Expandable Luggage - suitcases that can be unzipped to expand for more packing space. Hold luggage Some vehicles have an area specifically for luggage to be held. Items stored in the hold are known as hold luggage. A typical example would be a suitcase. If travelling by coach passengers will often be expected to place their own luggage in the hold, before boarding. Aeroplanes in contrast are loaded by professional baggage handlers. Hand luggage Hand luggage compartments of an Airbus 340-600 aircraft (economy class) Main article: Hand luggage Passengers are allowed to carry a limited number of smaller bags with them in the vehicle, these are known as hand luggage (more commonly referred to as carry-on in North America), and contain valuables and items needed during the journey. There is normally storage space provided for hand luggage, either under seating, or in overhead lockers. Trains often have luggage racks at the ends of the carriage near the doors, or above the seats if there are compartments. Etymology According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the word luggage enters printed English in 1596. The word derived from the verb "lug," as in "that which needs to be lugged about." The idea of pulling things inherent in the verb lug combines with the suffix -age to create the word we know today.[citation needed] "Baggage" is a similar word with the same suffix. This common word ending (-age) means that the item is functionally related to the root word; hence "baggage" is functionally related to the noun "bag," and luggage related to the act of "lugging." Left luggage Left luggage, also luggage storage or bag storage, is a place where one can temporarily store one's luggage so as to not have to carry it. Often found at an airport or train station there may be a staffed left luggage counter or simply a coin operated or automated locker system. With higher threats of terrorism all around the globe, this type of public storage is disappearing. Baggage carts are small vehicles used for transport luggage in airports, railway stations or large bus stations. Luggage forwarding Luggage forwarding, also known as luggage shipping or luggage logistics, is a type of specialty shipping service that has been available for approximately 10 years and has grown in demand, particularly after the September 11, 2001 attacks. The purpose of luggage forwarding is to reduce the hassles of baggage handling commonly experienced by airline passengers at airports. Travellers have the option to call a company to pick up bags at their home or office, then have them delivered to any destination of choice. The process is usually repeated for round-trip travelling. See also Luggage scale Suitcase References ^ Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2001 Douglas Harper External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Luggage v · d · eBags, rigid, and flexible containers Carried Handbag · Shopping bag · Briefcase · Money bag · Medical bag · Paper bag · Plastic bag Worn Backpack · Golf bag · Messenger bag · Sling bag · Satchel Luggage Suitcase · Gladstone bag · Duffel bag · Holdall  · Carpet bag · Trunk v · d · eCommercial air travel Airlines Airline codes · Airline holding companies · Charter airlines · Low-cost airlines · Passenger airlines · Regional airlines Alliances Oneworld · SkyTeam · Star Alliance Industry trade groups AACO · AAPA · AEA · AFRAA · ATA · ATAG · ELFAA · ERA · IATA · IATAN · ICAO · ISTAT · RAAA Airliner Travel class (First class · Business class · Premium Economy class · Economy class) · Aircraft lavatory · Aircraft seat map · Airline meal · Airline seat · Airsickness bag · Buy on board · In-flight entertainment · Inflight smoking Airport Airline hub · Airport check-in · Airport lounge · Airport security · Airport terminal · Airstair · Jet bridge  · Boarding · Gate · Domestic airport · International airport · Regional airport · Runway Crew Captain · First Officer · Flight attendant · Flight engineer · Pilot · Purser · Second Officer · Third Officer · Deadheading Customs / immigration Arrival card · Border control · Departure card · Passport · Travel document Environmental impact of air travel Impact on climate and environment · Hypermobility Luggage Bag tag · Baggage allowance · Baggage carousel · Baggage cart · Baggage claim · Baggage handler · Checked baggage · Hand luggage · Lost luggage · Luggage lock Safety Air traffic control · Aircraft safety card · Airline security · Airport authority · Airport police · Flight data recorder · National aviation authority · Overwing exits · Pre-flight safety demonstration Ticketing Airline Reservations System · Airline ticket · Airline timetable · Bereavement flight · Boarding pass · Codeshare agreement · Continent pass · Electronic ticket · Flight cancellation · Frequent-flyer program · Government contract flight · Open-jaw ticket · Red-eye flight · Round-the-world ticket · Standby · Travel agency · Travel website · Warsaw Convention