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Terra Madre 2008, opening ceremony at the Pala Isozaki Terra Madre is a network of food communities, each committed to producing quality food in a responsible, sustainable way. Terra Madre also refers to a major bi-annual conference held in Torino, Italy intended to foster discussion and introduce innovative concepts in the field of food, gastronomy, globalization, economics. Terra Madre is coordinated by the Slow Food organization. Contents 1 History 2 Terra Madre conferences 3 Topics 4 Participants and presenters 4.1 Criticism of Terra Madre 5 See also 6 External links 7 References // History The first Terra Madre conference took place in Turin in 2004 and was attended by 5,000 delegates from over 130 countries. The program included 61 Earth Workshops at which the participants discussed topics such as organic certification, rural communication, rare livestock breeds, indigenous agriculture systems and small-scale fishing. The Torino (Turin) Terra Madre conference convenes every two years in the Fall. In October 2006 (October 26 to October 30), Terra Madre drew over 9,000 participants from all over the world. Presenters and attendees board in Torino as well as throughout the Piedmont region. Over 1,500 people in the Piedmont region opened their doors for Terra Madre delegates to stay with them as a place besides hotels. Terra Madre 2006 focused on the relationships between food communities, cooks, universities and scientists. Terra Madre conferences Terra Madre, GMO Seminar The format of Terra Madre is deliberately international, with presenters speaking in their native languages. Participants don headsets which relay simultaneous translation, similar to the presentation format in the United Nations General Assembly meetings. Admission to the event is paid, although the proceeds of admission go to pay for the cost of the conferences and their presenters and to support the objectives of Slow Food. Topics Terra Madre seminars are intended to focus on topics such as genetically modified foods (GM), the development of organic food, sustainability, water rights, and the impact of globalization on traditional food cultures. Participants and presenters Examples of food communities that are members of Terra Madre are: the North Kerry Organic Farmers’ and Breeders’ Community(Ireland) the community of banana and sugar producers from Negros Island (Philippines) the community of wine producers of Chã de Caldeiras (Cape Verde) the wild flower honey community of Catarina (Guatemala). Sea Presida Terra Madre also hosts representatives of numerous international and local organizations working towards a better understanding of recent developments in food culture. For instance, at the GMO discussion group, Alexander Baranov of the National Genetic Safety Association (located in Moscow, Russia) discussed the safety of human consumption of GMO food. Baranov presented slides from experiments conducted by Dr. Irina Ermakova on GM soy. Ermakova tested a group of females rats, feeding one group regular food, the other group regular food plus traditional soy, and the third - regular food plus genetically modified soy. The offspring of the female group fed GMO soy had mortality rates of 55% (natal mortality, percentage of offspring born dead). The offspring also showed deformities and size differences. Baranov explained the need to conduct further testing, including the monitoring of human GMO consumption. The results of Ermakova's research have been published,[1][2] but have yet to undergo peer review[3] In addition to presenting their studies, Terra Madre participants and presenters share ideas and propose policies to deal with emerging food issues. For instance, Baranov shared Russian ways of dealing with GM foods, such as a complete ban on GM foods in all schools. Criticism of Terra Madre Along with the slow food movement, Terra Madre has been criticized for being an elitist organization. For instance, some argue that by banning GMO foods in the developed world (i.e., Russia, Poland, 18 of 19 Italian regions ban GMO food), corporations will import their foods to developing regions such as Africa and South Asia. However, this criticism is rebutted by the large-scale consumption of GM foods in the US and Canada (see Dr. Jane Goodall, Harvest for Hope), and the recent attempts by developing countries such as Bolivia to ban all GMO foods — and the recent burning of a GM crop in Indonesia. See also External links TERRA MADRE OFFICIAL WEBSITE (in Italian, English, Deutch, Espanol, Français, Portugues, Japanese, Greek) Terra Madre Brasil (portuguese) References ^ Influence of genetically modified soya on the birth-weight and survival of rat pups. In: Proceedings of the Conference Epigenetics, Transgenic Plants & Risk Assessment. 2006, pp. 41-48. ^ Влияние сои с геном EPSPS CP4 на физиологическое состояние и репродуктивные функции крыс в первых двух поколениях. Журнал современные проблемы науки и образования. Биологические науки. № 5, 2009 г. С.15-20. ^ Andrew Marshall, (2007) GM soybeans and health safety—a controversy reexamined Nature Biotechnology 25, 981 - 987