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Chickasaw School and Rectory U.S. National Register of Historic Places Front and side of the rectory Location: Maple St., Chickasaw, Ohio Coordinates: 40°26′10″N 84°29′35″W / 40.43611°N 84.49306°W / 40.43611; -84.49306Coordinates: 40°26′10″N 84°29′35″W / 40.43611°N 84.49306°W / 40.43611; -84.49306 Area: 0.9 acres (0.36 ha) Built: 1904 Architect: DeCurtins Architectural style(s): Italianate Governing body: Local MPS: Cross-Tipped Churches of Ohio TR Added to NRHP: July 26, 1979 NRHP Reference#: 79002848[1] Precious Blood Catholic Church is a Roman Catholic parish in Chickasaw, Ohio, United States. Erected in 1903 and still an active parish, the church historically owned two buildings constructed in its early years that have been designated as historic sites. Contents 1 Early parish history 2 Buildings 2.1 Church 2.2 School 2.3 Rectory 3 Recent history 3.1 Historic recognition 3.2 Present status 4 References 5 External links // Early parish history Chickasaw's first Catholics attended Mass at St. Sebastian's Church,[2] nearly 2 miles (3.2 km) to the northwest.[3] In 1897, the Chickasaw members erected a small church in their village for use as a chapel of ease during the week.[2] Because the villagers typically did not own horses, they found it difficult to reach St. Sebastian's, and sympathy grew for attempting to form their own parish; accordingly, in January 1903, the parishioners from Chickasaw left the church and took their possessions with them. Little more than one week later, St. Sebastian's was destroyed by a fire (now seen as highly suspicious[4]), and parishioners were faced with the decision of rebuilding the church.[5] Ultimately, the parish was split into two parts: the remnant members of St. Sebastian's rebuilt their church, while the chapel in Chickasaw became the parish church for the newly-formed Church of the Precious Blood.[4] Fifty-eight families composed the parish's charter membership.[5] The parishioners quickly began to expand their facilities. Before the end of 1903, the chapel had been expanded, and the following year saw the construction of a brick rectory at a cost of about $4,000. Membership grew rapidly; by 1907, the congregation had grown from thirty-eight families to seventy.[2] In 1908, the church decided to erect a parish school,[6] located across the street from its rectory.[1] Precious Blood Church is one of the youngest Catholic parishes in Mercer County; only Our Lady of Guadalupe Church in Montezuma[2] and St. Theresa of the Infant Jesus Church in Rockford are newer;[7] Our Lady parish was only a mission when Precious Blood was established,[2] and St. Theresa parish was created in 1936.[8] Buildings Church Side and rear of the church The first parish church building, originally a parish hall and then the chapel of ease, was built on a stone foundation in 1894 and 1895. Soon after the parish was established in 1903, a wooden addition was built onto the church; the reworked building was painted and new windows installed by early July of that year. As the parish's membership grew after World War II, the old building was strained to hold the increased number of worshippers, and plans were laid for a replacement structure. Ground was broken for the new building in late 1965, and the structure was dedicated on February 23, 1967. This church is a brick structure built in the shape of a cross and equipped with a basement; its sanctuary has room for over four hundred worshippers.[5] School Precious Blood School The Precious Blood School is a two-story brick structure that is supported by a foundation of ashlar.[9] Built in the Italianate style by the DeCurtins brothers,[7] it features a central square bell tower that rises above the rest of the building. Individuals enter the building through double doors that are topped by an elliptical fanlight.[9] Late in the 1950s, the Ohio General Assembly enacted a law that provided for free high school education for all Ohio students. Because of this law, Chickasaw's public school system merged with that of the surrounding Marion Township, and the parish school closed.[9] The parish has since sold the building; it is owned by a local organization of the Veterans of Foreign Wars.[10] Rectory Like the school, the Precious Blood Rectory is a square two-story brick structure built on an ashlar foundation. Featuring more of a vernacular style of architecture, the house is topped with a hip roof that is pierced by dormer windows on all four sides. Its front door is surrounded by a veranda built with wooden columns and surrounded with a railing.[9] Many parishes in the region built rectories in the early twentieth century in response to a directive issued by the Archdiocese of Cincinnati, which provided that each parish should house its own pastor. The Chickasaw rectory is typical of these structures, which predominantly are two-story rectangles with hip roofs and verandas. It is believed that this common design was influenced by the style made popular by the Sears Roebuck catalogue.[7] Recent history Historic recognition In 1979, the rectory and the former school were listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[1] Deemed historic because of their well-preserved architecture and their contributions to Ohio's history,[6] they were among over thirty different places in far western Ohio related to the Society of the Precious Blood that were listed on the National Register together.[1] Although most of these buildings were churches, several rectories and schools were included as well. The tall Gothic Revival towers featured by many of these churches have become the namesake for this region of western Ohio, which is nicknamed the "Land of the Cross-Tipped Churches."[7] Present status Today, Precious Blood is an active parish of the Archdiocese of Cincinnati. It is clustered with four other Marion Township parishes — St. John the Baptist in Maria Stein, Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Cassella, St. Rose in St. Rose, and St. Sebastian in Sebastian — to form the Marion Catholic Community. Two priests serve the cluster as pastors: Eugene Schnipke and Ken Alt.[11] The entire cluster is part of the St. Marys Deanery.[12] References ^ a b c d "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. http://www.nr.nps.gov/.  ^ a b c d e Scranton, S.S. History of Mercer County, Ohio and Representative Citizens. Chicago: Biographical, 1907, 239. ^ DeLorme. Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. 7th ed. Yarmouth: DeLorme, 2004, 54. ISBN 0-89933-281-1. ^ a b Brown, Mary Ann. Ohio Historic Inventory Nomination: St. Sebastian Catholic Church. Ohio Historical Society, February 1977. ^ a b c Precious Blood Church History, Marion Catholic Community, 2009. Accessed 2010-05-29. ^ a b Chickasaw School and Rectory, Ohio Historical Society, 2007. Accessed 2010-05-29. ^ a b c d Brown, Mary Ann, and Mary Niekamp. National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Cross-Tipped Churches Thematic Resources, 4. National Park Service, July 1978. Accessed 2010-05-29. ^ Fortin, Roger. Faith and Action: A History of the Archdiocese of Cincinnati 1821-1996. Columbus: Ohio State UP, 2002, 400. ^ a b c d Owen, Lorrie K., ed. Dictionary of Ohio Historic Places. Vol. 2. St. Clair Shores: Somerset, 1999, 990. ^ Sign visible in this photograph. ^ Marion Catholic Community, Marion Catholic Community, 2009. Accessed 2010-05-30. ^ The Futures Project, Archdiocese of Cincinnati. Accessed 2010-05-29. External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Chickasaw School and Rectory Marion Catholic Community v · d · eNational Register of Historic Places in Mercer County, Ohio Historic district Celina Main Street Commercial Historic District Other properties Cassella Catholic Church and Rectory | Chickasaw School and Rectory | Coldwater Catholic Church Complex | Fort Recovery Site | Matthias Gast House and General Store | Sen. Thomas J. Godfrey House | Grand Lake St. Marys Lighthouse | Gruenwald Convent | Immaculate Conception Catholic Church Complex | Maria Stein Catholic Church and Rectory | Maria Stein Convent | Mendon Town Hall | Otis Hospital | Philothea Catholic Church and Priest House | Calvin E. Riley House | St. Aloysius Catholic Church | St. Anthony Catholic Church, Padua | St. Bernard Catholic Church and Rectory | St. Charles Seminary and Chapel | St. Francis Catholic Church and Rectory | St. Henry Catholic Church | St. Joseph Catholic Church and Rectory | St. Paul's Catholic Church and Rectory | St. Peter Catholic Church and Rectory | St. Rose Catholic Church Complex | St. Sebastian Catholic Church and Rectory | St. Wendelin Catholic Church, School, and Rectory | Wallischeck Homestead See also: National Register of Historic Places listings in Mercer County, Ohio and List of National Historic Landmarks in Ohio v · d · eU.S. National Register of Historic Places Keeper of the Register · History of the National Register of Historic Places · Property types · Historic district · Contributing property List of entries · National Park Service · National Historic Landmarks · National Battlefields · National Historic Sites · National Historical Parks · National Memorials · National Monuments v · d · e Land of the Cross-Tipped Churches Churches Holy Family • Holy Rosary • Coldwater Catholic Church Complex • Immaculate Conception • Nativity of the Virgin • St. Aloysius • St. Anthony • St. Augustine • St. Bernard • St. Francis • St. Henry • St. John • St. John the Baptist • St. Joseph (Egypt) • St. Joseph (St. Joe) • St. Joseph (Wapakoneta) • St. Louis • St. Mary • St. Michael • St. Nicholas • St. Patrick (Glynwood) • St. Patrick (St. Patrick) • St. Paul • St. Peter • St. Remy • St. Rose • St. Sebastian • St. Wendelin Other buildings Botkins Elementary School • Chickasaw School and Rectory • Gruenwald Convent • Immaculate Conception Rectory • Maria Stein Convent • Minster Elementary School • Sacred Heart of Jesus Rectory • St. Charles Seminary and Chapel