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David Holmes United States Senator from Mississippi In office August 30, 1820 – September 25, 1825 Preceded by Walter Leake Succeeded by Powhatan Ellis Personal details Born March 10, 1769(1769-03-10) Hanover, Pennsylvania Died August 20, 1832(1832-08-20) (aged 63) Winchester, Virginia Political party Democratic-Republican David Holmes (March 10, 1769 – August 20, 1832) was the last governor of the Mississippi Territory and the first governor of the State of Mississippi. Contents 1 Career 2 Mississippi territory 3 Statehood 4 Legacy 5 References 6 Bibliography 7 External links Career Born in York County, Pennsylvania, Holmes and his family moved to Virginia when he was a child. He served as U.S. Representative from Virginia from 1797 until 1808. Mississippi territory President Thomas Jefferson appointed him fourth governor of Mississippi Territory. Holmes was very popular and his appointment marked the end of a long period of factionalism within the territory. He was the last governor of the Mississippi Territory, serving 1809-17. Holmes was generally successful in dealing with a variety of matters, including expansion, land policy, Indians, the War of 1812, and the constitutional convention of 1817 (of which he was elected president). Often concerned with problems regarding West Florida, he had a major role in 1810 in negotiations which led to the peaceful occupation of part of that territory. McCain (1967) concludes that Holmes' success was not based on brilliance, but upon kindness, unselfishness, persuasiveness, courage, honesty, diplomacy, and intelligence.[1] Statehood In 1817, Mississippi joined the Union as the 20th state and Holmes won the election to be the first governor of the State of Mississippi. Holmes took the oath of office in October 1817, though Mississippi did not officially become a state until December of that year. During his term, he established the state judicial system and the state militia and organized the land east of the Pearl River that the Choctaw Indians ceded. He served a complete term of two years, but Governor Holmes decided not to run for re-election in 1819. In 1820, the state legislature elected Holmes to be one of Mississippi's Senators in the U.S. Congress, and he served from 1821 until late 1825, when his election to another term as governor of Mississippi forced him to resign. Because Holmes's declining health forced him to resign, he served only six months (January 1826 - July 1826) as Mississippi's sixth governor. Holmes returned to his native Virginia where his health continued to fail before his death in 1832 at Jordan's Sulphur Springs, near Winchester, Virginia, where he still lies in the Mt. Hebron Cemetery. Legacy Holmes County, Mississippi is named in honor of him. References ^ McCain 1967 Bibliography Conrad, D.H. (1921), "PMHS", David Holmes: First Governor of Mississippi (Publications of the Mississippi Historical Society) vol.4: pp. 234–257  Hildreth, Howard P. (Spring 1967), "VC", David Holmes (Virginia Cavalcade) vol.16 (no.4): pp. 38–40, http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/cavalcade/volumes/v11_20/spr67.htm  McCain, William D. (1967), "JMH", The Administrations of David Holmes, Governor of the Mississippi Territory, 1809-1817 (Journal of Mississippi History) vol.29 (no.3): pp. 328–347  Dictionary of American Biography McCormick Quatannens, Jo Anne; Boyle, Diane B., eds. (Spring 1995), Senators of the United States: A Historical Bibliography, Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office, p. 136, http://books.google.hr/books?id=X21aNNNE4T0C  External links David Holmes at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Political offices Preceded by Robert Williams Governor of Mississippi Territory 1809–1817 Succeeded by Office becomes Governor of Mississippi Preceded by Formerly Governor of Mississippi Territory Governor of Mississippi 1817–1820 Succeeded by George Poindexter Preceded by Gerard Brandon Governor of Mississippi 1826 Succeeded by Gerard Brandon United States Senate Preceded by Walter Leake United States Senator (Class 1) from Mississippi 1820–1825 Served alongside: Thomas H. Williams Succeeded by Powhatan Ellis v · d · eGovernors and Lieutenant Governors of Mississippi Governors Holmes · Poindexter · Leake · Brandon · Holmes · Brandon · Scott · Lynch · Runnels · Quitman · Lynch · McNutt · Tucker · Brown · Matthews · Quitman · Guion · J. Whitfield · Foote · Pettus · McRae · McWillie · Pettus · Clark · Sharkey · Humphreys · Ames · Alcorn · Powers · Ames · Stone · Lowry · Stone · McLaurin · Longino · Vardaman · Noel · Brewer · Bilbo · Russell · H. Whitfield · Murphree · Bilbo · Conner · White · Johnson, Sr. · Murphree · Bailey · Wright · White · Coleman · Barnett · Johnson, Jr. · Williams · Waller · Finch · Winter · Allain · Mabus · Fordice · Musgrove · Barbour Lieutenant Governors Stewart · Patton · Dickson · Brandon · Scott · Winston · office abolished 1832–1870 · Powers · Davis · Stone · Sims · Shands · Evans · Jones · Harrison · Carter · Manship · Bilbo · Russell · Casteel · Murphree · Adams · Murphree · Sinder · Murphree · Wright · Lumpkin · Gartin · Johnson · Gartin · Sullivan · Winter · Gandy · Dye · Briggs · Musgrove · Tuck · Bryant v · d · eUnited States Senators from Mississippi Class 1 Leake • Holmes • Ellis • Reed • Ellis • Black • Trotter • T. Hickman Williams • Henderson • Speight • Davis • McRae • S. Adams • Davis • Ames • Pease • Bruce • George • Money • J. Williams • Stephens • Bilbo • Stennis • Lott • Wicker Class 2 T. Hill Williams • Reed • R. Adams • Poindexter • Walker • Chalmers • Foote • Brooke • Brown • Revels • Alcorn • Lamar • Walthall • McLaurin • Walthall • Sullivan • McLaurin • Gordon • Percy • Vardaman • Harrison • Eastland • Doxey • Eastland • Cochran Persondata Name Holmes, David Alternative names Short description Date of birth 1769 Place of birth Date of death 1832 Place of death