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Eildon Hill Eildon Hill North, with Eildon Village in the foreground Elevation 422 m (1,385 ft) Prominence c. 164 m Listing Marilyn Translation possibly "Elves Hill" (Old English) Pronunciation [/ˈiːldən/] Location Location Scottish Borders  Scotland Topo map OS Landranger 73 OS grid NT548322 Not to be confused with Eldon Hill, England Eildon Hill lies just south of Melrose, Scotland in the Scottish Borders, overlooking the town. The name is usually pluralised into "the Eildons" or "Eildon Hills", because of its triple peak. The north hilltop (of three peaks) is surrounded by over 5 km (3 miles) of ramparts, enclosing an area of about 16 ha (40 acres) in which at least 300 level platforms have been cut into the rock to provide bases for turf or timber-walled houses. The mid hilltop is the highest and has a monument to Sir Walter Scott on it. The south hilltop the lowest. Contents 1 History 2 Formation 3 Folklore 4 See also 5 References // History Excavations have found evidence that the hill fort was occupied by 1000 BC, in the Bronze age. The ramparts seem to have been built and rebuilt in three phases. At its peak the population of the hill could have been 3000 to 6000, the largest known in Scotland from this period. Evidence has not been found of a significant population in the immediate pre-Roman period. It was once widely believed that this Trimontium might be the Trimontium of the Selgovae that had been mentioned by the Roman geographer Ptolemy, but the source of the information was later discredited. In the 1st century the Roman army built the massive fort of Trimontium, named after the three peaks, at the foot of the hill on the bank of the River Tweed. In association with it they constructed a signal tower with a tiled roof in an 11 m (36 ft) diameter enclosure built on the summit of the hill fort, which presumably had been abandoned. However, finds including Roman coins and pottery have suggested that some of the house platforms were again in use in the 2nd to 4th century. According to Nuttall, the 1,385 feet (422 m) high "triple-crested eminence" overlooks Teviotdale to the South. Formation It is possible that the Hill was formed deep beneath the Earth's surface as ancient laccoliths. Folklore Eildon is said to be a "hollow hill", and is mentioned in the legend of Thomas the Rhymer. Some believe Thomas went under the hill itself, and certainly part of the ballad occurs in the vicinity. The volcanic rock was "said to have been cleft in three by the wizard Michael Scot when he was out of employment". See also List of places in the Scottish Borders List of places in Scotland References The three peaks of Eildon Hill seen from 'Scott's View' Scotland Before History - Stuart Piggott, Edinburgh University Press 1982, ISBN 0748660674 Scotland's Hidden History - Ian Armit, Tempus (in association with Historic Scotland) 1998, ISBN 0-85224-348-0 AQA A2 Geography - Amanda Barker, David Redfern, Malcom Skinner, Phillip Allan Updates 2008 This article incorporates text from the public domain 1907 edition of The Nuttall Encyclopædia. Coordinates: 55°34′53″N 2°43′07″W / 55.58134°N 2.71855°W / 55.58134; -2.71855