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List of years in science (Table) … 1875 • 1876 • 1877 • 1878 • 1879 • 1880 • 1881 •    1882 • 1883 • 1884 – 1885 – 1886 • 1887 • 1888 •    1889 • 1890 • 1891 • 1892 • 1893 • 1894 • 1895 … Related time period or subjects … 1882 • 1883 • 1884 – 1885 – 1886 • 1887 • 1888 … … 1850s • 1860s • 1870s – 1880s – 1890s • 1900s • 1910s … … 18th century – 19th century – 20th century … Art Archaeology Architecture Literature Music Science more The year 1885 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below. Contents 1 Astronomy 2 Biology 3 Chemistry 4 Medicine 5 Psychology 6 Technology 7 Awards 8 Births 9 Deaths 10 References Astronomy August 20 - Ernst Hartwig discovers S Andromedae, a supernova in the Andromeda galaxy, the first supernova discovered beyond the Milky Way. Biology The genus Plasmodium is described by Ettore Marchiafava and Angelo Celli. The bacterium Escherichia coli (E. coli) is discovered by Theodor Escherich.[1] Chemistry Carl Auer von Welsbach patents his first incandescent gas mantle. Medicine July 6 - Louis Pasteur successfully tests his vaccine against rabies. The patient is Joseph Meister, a boy bitten by a rabid dog. Georges Gilles de la Tourette publishes an account of nine patients with what will become known as Tourette syndrome.[2] Psychology Hermann Ebbinghaus publishes Über das Gedächtnis ("On Memory", later translated as Memory: a Contribution to Experimental Psychology). Technology Karl Benz produces the Benz Patent-Motorwagen, regarded as the first automobile (patented and publicly launched the following year).[3] Gottlieb Daimler and Wilhelm Maybach produce the Daimler Reitwagen, regarded as the first motorcycle.[4][5][6] John Kemp Starley demonstrates the Rover safety bicycle, regarded as the first practical modern bicycle.[7] Completion of the Home Insurance Building in Chicago, designed by William Le Baron Jenney. With 10 floors and a fireproof weight-bearing metal frame, it is regarded as the first skyscraper.[8] Completion of Sway Tower in Hampshire, England, designed by Andrew Peterson using concrete made with Portland cement. It remains the world's tallest non-reinforced concrete structure.[9][10] Awards Copley Medal: Friedrich August Kekulé von Stradonitz Wollaston Medal for Geology: George Busk Births June 2 - Hans Gerhard Creutzfeldt (d. 1964), German neuropathologist August 1 - George de Hevesy (d. 1966), Nobel laureate in chemistry October 7 - Niels Bohr (d. 1962), Danish physicist October 23 - Jan Czochralski (d. 1953), discoverer of the Czochralski process for growing crystals November 9 - Hermann Weyl (d. 1955), mathematician December 2 - George Minot (d. 1950), Nobel laureate in physiology Deaths June 12 - Fleeming Jenkin (b. 1833), engineer. References ^ Feng, P.; Weagant, S.; Grant, M. (2002-09-01). "Enumeration of Escherichia coli and the Coliform Bacteria". Bacteriological Analytical Manual. FDA/Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition. http://www.cfsan.fda.gov/~ebam/bam-4.html. Retrieved 2011-06-03.  ^ Gilles de la Tourette (1885). "Etude sur une affection nerveuse charactérisée par de l'incoordination motrice accompagnée d'écholalie et de coprolalie (jumping, latah, myriachit)". Archives de neurologie (Paris) 9: 19–42. http://web2.bium.univ-paris5.fr/livanc/?cote=epo0383&do=livre. Retrieved 2011-04-11.  ^ Benz, Carl Friedrich (1925). Lebensfahrt eines deutschen erfinders; erinnerungen eines achtzigjahrigen. Leipzig: Koehler & Amelang.  ^ Gardiner, Mark (1997). Classic motorcycles. MetroBooks. p. 16. ISBN 1567994601.  ^ Brown, Roland (2005). The Ultimate History of Fast Motorcycles. Bath: Parragon. p. 6. ISBN 1405454660.  ^ Wilson, Hugo (1993). The Ultimate Motorcycle Book. Dorling Kindersley. pp. 8–9. ISBN 1564583031.  ^ "Icons of Invention: Rover safety bicycle, 1885". Making the Modern World. Science Museum (London). http://www.makingthemodernworld.org.uk/icons_of_invention/technology/1880-1939/IC.025/. Retrieved 2011-06-27.  ^ "Home Insurance Building". SkyscraperPage. http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=10370. Retrieved 2011-06-27.  ^ James, J. (1997). All about Sway Tower. Lymington: Lymington Museum Trust.  ^ Trout, Edwin (October 2002). "Sway Tower: an early example of high-rise concrete construction". Concrete: 64–5.