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"Pano" redirects here. For the bone disease in dogs, see panosteitis. Pánoan Geographic distribution: southwestern Amazon Genetic classification: Pano-Tacanan  Pánoan Subdivisions: — Panoan languages (dark green) and Takanoan languages (light green), spots indicate documented languages location. Panoan (also Pánoan, Panoano, Panoana, Páno) is a family of languages spoken in Peru, western Brazil, and Bolivia. It is a sub-family of the larger Pano-Tacanan family. Contents 1 Family division 2 Genetic relations 3 See also 4 External links 5 Bibliography // Family division Panoan consists of 27 languages: A. Eastern Panoan 1. Kaxararí (a.k.a. Kashararí) B. Culino 2. Kulino (a.k.a. Culino) (†) C. "Mainline" branch i. Cashibo group (a.k.a. Western Panoan) 3. Nocamán (a.k.a. Nokamán, Nocomán) (†) 4. Cashibo-Cacataibo (a.k.a. Cacataibo, Kashibo, Cashibo, Caxibo, Cacibo, Cachibo, Cahivo, Managua, Hagueti) ii. Pano group 5. Pánobo (a.k.a. Panobo, Manoa, Pelado) (†) 6. Huariapano (a.k.a. Pano, Waripano, Pana, Pelado) (†) iii. Shipibo group 7. Shipibo (a.k.a. Shipibo-Conibo, Shipibo-Konibo) 8. Capanahua (a.k.a. Kapanawa) 9. Marubo (a.k.a. Marobo, Marúbo, Maruba, Marova, Kaniuá) 10. Waninnawa (a.k.a. Panoan Katukína, Catuquina, Kamanawa, Kamannaua, Katukina do Juruá, Katukina Pano) 11. Remo (a.k.a. Sakuya, Kukini, Rheno) (†) 12. Tuxinawa (a.k.a. Tushinawa, Tuxináwa, Tuchinaua) (†) iv. Tri-State group (a.k.a. Amawak-Jaminawa, Loos Amawaka-Jaminawa) 13. Amahuaca (a.k.a. Amawaka, Amaguaco, Ameuhaque, Ipitineri, Sayaco, Amawáka, Amawaca, Amenguaca, Sayacu) 14. Isconahua (a.k.a. Iscobakebo, Iskonawa, Iscobaquebu) 15. Cashinahua (a.k.a. Kashinawa, Kaxinawa, Tuxinawa, Kaxinawá, Kaxynawa, Caxinawa, Caxinawá, Cashinahuá, Kaxinauá) 16. Sharanawa (a.k.a. Marinahua, Mastanahua, Parquenahua, Sharanahua, Acre Arara, Marináwa, Yora, Yura, Yoranahua, Manu Park Panoan, Nahua) 17. Yaminahua (a.k.a. Yaminawa, Jaminawá, Yuminahua, Yamanawa, Jaminawa) 18. Atsahuaca (a.k.a. Yamiaca, Atsawaka-Yamiaka) (†) 19. Parannawa (†) 20. Puinaua (a.k.a. Poyanawa, Poyanáwa, Poianáua, Puinahua) 21. Xipinahua (a.k.a. Shipinawa, Xipináwa, Shipinahua) (†) D. Bolivian branch (a.k.a. Southern Panoan) 22. Karipuna language 23. Pacahuara language (a.k.a. Pacaguara, Pakaguara, Pacawara) 24. Chácobo language (a.k.a. Chákobo): E. Shaninawa 25. Shaninawa (a.k.a. Xaninaua) F. Sensi 26. Sensi (a.k.a. Senti, Tenti, Mananahua) (†) G. Northern Panoan (a.k.a. Mayoruna) 27. Mayoruna-Matsés (a.k.a. Matsés, Mayoruna, Matse, Matís, Matis, Majoruna, Maxuruna, Majuruna, Mayiruna, Maxirona, Magirona, Mayuzuna) Kulino, Nocamán, Pánobo, Huariapano, Remo, Tuxinawa, Atsahuaca, Parannawa, Xipinahua, and Sensi have all become extinct. Gordon (2005) lists Yora/Parquenahua as a separate while other sources include it as a regional variety of Sharanawa. Genetic relations The Panoan family is related to the Tacanan family, which together comprise the Pano-Tacanan family. Some other languages reported in Campbell (1997: 190) have been associated with the Panoan family, but their relationship to Panoan is still undetermined: Panavarro Purus Arazaire Katukina Pano (=Yawanawa ?) (in Brazil) Maya (in Brazil) Morunahua (a.k.a. Morunawa) (in Peru) Nukuini (a.k.a. Nuquini) (in Brazil) Pisabo (a.k.a. Pisagua, Pisahua) (in Peru) Uru-eu (in Brazil) For more information see also Shell (1975: 14), Miglizza & Campbell (1988: 189-190), Rodrigues (1986: 77-81). Gordon (2005) lists Waninnawa as an alternate name for Panoan Katukína, presumably the same language as Campbell's Katukina Pano. Nukuini is listed as an unclassified language within a South-Central Panoan branch. Pisabo is listed with 513 speakers (and not extinct) and is grouped with Mayoruna-Matsés on a Northern Panoan branch. Gordon (2005) also includes the following language as distinct from Katukina Pano/Panoan Katukína: Yawanawa (a.k.a. Iauanauá, Jawanaua, Yahuanahua) (in Brazil) Gordon (2005) includes Shinabo as an extinct language that probably did not exist, the people may have been a sub-group of the Chácobo. See also Pano-Tacanan languages External links Ethnologue: Panoan Panoan (ethnicity) at the Open Directory Project Proel: Familia Panoana Pacahuara and Yaminahua dictionaries online from IDS (select simple or advanced browsing) Bibliography Campbell, Lyle. (1997). American Indian languages: The historical linguistics of Native America. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509427-1. Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (Ed.). (2005). Ethnologue: Languages of the world (15th ed.). Dallas, TX: SIL International. ISBN 1-55671-159-X. (Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com). Kaufman, Terrence. (1990). Language history in South America: What we know and how to know more. In D. L. Payne (Ed.), Amazonian linguistics: Studies in lowland South American languages (pp. 13-67). Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-70414-3. Kaufman, Terrence. (1994). The native languages of South America. In C. Mosley & R. E. Asher (Eds.), Atlas of the world's languages (pp. 46-76). London: Routledge. Migliazza, Ernest C.; & Campbell, Lyle. (1988). Panorama general de las lenguas indígenas en América. Historia general de América (Vol. 10). Caracas: Instituto Panamericano de Geografía e Historia. Shell, Olive A. (1975). Las lenguas pano y su reconstrucción. Serie lingüística Peruana (No. 12). Yarinacocha, Peru: Instituto Lingüístico de Verano. Rodrigues, Aryon. (1986). Linguas brasileiras: Para o conhecimento das linguas indígenas. São Paulo: Edições Loyola.