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Coordinates: 55°43′06″N 3°46′33″W / 55.718429°N 3.77597°W / 55.718429; -03.77597 Kilncadzow Kilncadzow  Kilncadzow shown within South Lanarkshire OS grid reference NS884486 Council area South Lanarkshire Lieutenancy area Lanarkshire Country Scotland Sovereign state United Kingdom Post town CARLUKE Postcode district ML8 Dialling code 01555 Police Strathclyde Fire Strathclyde Ambulance Scottish EU Parliament Scotland UK Parliament Lanark and Hamilton East Scottish Parliament Clydesdale List of places: UK • Scotland • Kilncadzow (previously Kilcadzow[1]) is a small village in rural South Lanarkshire, lying roughly 5km north of Lanark and 5km east-southeast of Carluke, on the A721 road. The name 'Kilncadzow' is pronounced locally as kill-caig-eh. Various theories exist about the reasons for this peculiar pronunciation, however none of these has ever been proven. Aerial pictures of Kilncadzow can be accessed here Contents 1 History 2 Location 3 Commerce 4 Pronunciation 5 Education 6 References // History The Roman road which passed through Clydesdale to the western extremity of the Antonine Wall can be found in Kilncadzow[1]. An abandoned stone quarry - thought to date from the 18th century - is located on common land, just north of the A721. As an agricultural area, the village has many farms in close proximity. These include The Hill of Kilncadzow, The Hole of Kilncadzow, Greenbank, Collilaw, Birkenhead, The Drums, Craigend, Craighead, Gowanside and Leemuir. The three farms which were within the village - Townhead, Mid Town and West Town (all thought to date from the 18th century) - are no longer used as farms. A school (now the community hall[2]) was built in the late 19th century to provide primary education for the children of the area. During the 20th century, council housing was provided for agricultural workers. Location The village is located primarily on two roads - Carnwath Road (the A721) and Craigenhill Road. There are approximately 40 houses in the village, the majority of which were constructed during the 1970s and 80s. However, a local farmer has plans to expand the village rapidly in the near future. The village enjoys splendid panoramic views to the south, east and west - indeed, views of Tinto Hill, Lanark and Douglas are most prominent. The best views are from Kilncadzow Law, upon which a radio transmitter is located. Most villagers commute to work, however there are no public transport facilities per se, and ownership or access to a vehicle is almost essential. Transport links and local amenities are located mainly in Carluke and Lanark, however the village does have a bakery, a community hall (in need of considerable investment) and a swing park. Only recently, Craigenhill Road’s speed limit was reduced from the national speed limit to 30mph. After years of campaigning by local residents the speed limit on Carnwath Road has finally been reduced to 40mph. Vehicles regularly travel in excess of this limit, seemingly unaware of the dangers they pose to themselves and the village's inhabitants. Commerce A number of non-farming businesses are based in Kilncadzow, including a riding school, a farrier, The Village Bakery (renowned locally for producing larger-than-normal cakes and pastries) and a joiner. Pronunciation One theory for the pronunciation is that a Dr. Cadzow, resident in the village in the first half of the 20th century, was know by the nickname ‘Kagey’. Dr. Cadzow was also responsible for erecting the triangulation point at the top of Law Hill. With the doctor's fame, the village started to be known as 'Kil-Kagey'. However, recently the National Library of Scotland has made several old maps of the area available online. One of the oldest is dated 1747-1755 (The General Roy map): This clearly shows Kilncadzow as 'Kilcago'. Education Since the closure of Kilncadzow School, children of the village have attended a number of different schools, including Crawforddyke Primary School, Carluke High School, Lanark Grammar. Today, the children of Kilncadzow usually attend Crawforddyke Primary School and Carluke High School - indeed, South Lanarkshire Council provides transport to these schools - however, it is possible for children to attend other schools including St Athanasius and St Aidans. References ^ a b British History Online, "A Topographical Dictionary of Scotland - Kilcadzow", retrieved 20 December 2007 ^ South Lanarkshire Council, "Kilncadzow Village Hall", retrieved 14 August 2007 v • d • e Settlements in South Lanarkshire Principal Towns (Over 10,000) Blantyre · Cambuslang · Carluke · East Kilbride · Hamilton · Larkhall · Rutherglen Other towns and villages Abington · Ashgill · Auchengray · Auchenheath · Biggar · Blackwood · Bothwell · Braidwood · Carnwath · Carstairs · Cartland · Chapelton · Coalburn · Cobbinshaw · Coulter · Crawford · Crawfordjohn · Dalserf · Dolphinton · Douglas · Elsrickle · Forth · Glassford · Kilncadzow · Kirkfieldbank · Kirkmuirhill · Lanark · Law · Leadhills · Lesmahagow · Newbigging · Nerston · Pettinain · Quothquan · Ravenstruther · Rigside · Roberton · Sandford · Stonehouse · Strathaven · Symington · Tarbrax · Thankerton  · Uddingston · Wiston · Woolfords · Yieldshields Places of interest Hamilton Mausoleum · Bothwell Castle · Battle of Bothwell Bridge · Battle of Drumclog · Cadzow Castle · Chatelherault Country Park · Clyde Valley · Craignethan Castle · David Livingstone Centre · Dollan Baths · Falls of Clyde · Little Sparta · New Lanark · Strathaven Castle