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This biography needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (February 2010) This biography includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please improve this article by introducing more precise citations where appropriate. (February 2010) This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. You can assist by editing it. (February 2010) Shigetaka Takashima (高島 重孝, Takashima Shigetaka?, (1907-1985)) was a Japanese physician and studied leprosy. He worked in Kuryu Rakusen-en Sanatorium, Tohoku Shinseien Sanatorium, Suruga Sanatorium and Nagashima Aiseien Sanatorium. Contents 1 Life 2 War and leprosy 3 A Guide to Leprosy Medicine 4 Nagashima Bridge 5 Honors 6 References 7 Footnotes // Life He was born in Tokyo on June 29, 1907. In 1931, he graduated from Keio University . In the same year, he entered the department of preventive medicine of the university. In 1933, he worked in Kuryu Rakusen-en Sanatorium. In 1939, he worked in Tohoku Shinseien Sanatorium. In 1942, he worked in Musashi Sanatorium for the War Disabled. In 1943, he worked in Ehime Sanatorium for the War Disabled (acting director) In 1944, he worked in Tokyo Sanatorium for the War Disabled(acting director). In December 1944, he was appointed the director of Suruga Sanatorium for the War Disabled. In December 1945, the director of Suruga Sanatorium. In August 1957, the director of Nagashima Aiseien Sanatorium following the retirement of Kensuke Mitsuda. In April 1978, honorary director of Nagashima Aiseien Sanatorium. On January 23, 1985, he died. War and leprosy In 1947, he made a special lecture on war and leprosy at the Congress of the Japanese Leprosy Association which was reported in the next year.[1]He obtained correct data since he had worked for sanatoriums for the war disabled. He reported that the total number of leprosy in-patients who developed during service was 732, 0.13 per 1000 mobilized. If other conditions were included, he estimated that an average of 100 patients developed leprosy among soldiers and sailors per year. He also pointed out that the number of military patients per localities correlated with the number of patients who lived in these localities, and suggested that the military patients had been infected in childhood. Another point he stressed was that only 3 officers developed leprosy, while all others were soldiers and sailors. A Guide to Leprosy Medicine In 1970, he compiled a textbook "A guide to leprosy"(Rai Igaku no Tebiki" , which was the only one textbook of leprosy at that time. It was one year prior to the publication of the first edition of the Handbook of Leprosy by William Jopling. Nagashima Bridge He tried to construct a bridge to Nagashima Aiseien Sanatorium from Japan Proper, and the bridge was completed in 1988. It was a step toward lessening leprosy stigma. Honors In 1978, he was given the First Order of the Sacred Treasure. References Kika Onza (In Memory of Dr. Shigetaka Takashima). (1988) Takashima Sensei o Shinobukai, Kowakikaku, Tokyo. In Japanese. Int J Dermatol 8, 1969, He published in Int Society of Tropical Medicine Footnotes ^ War and leprosy(1948), Takashima S. Lepra, 17, 8-14, Japanese