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This article is about the demographic features of the population of Sierra Leone, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. Demographics of Sierra Leone, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. The demographics of Sierra Leone is made up of an indigenous population from 18 ethnic groups. The Temne in the north and the Mende in the South are the largest. About 60,000 are Krio, the descendants of freed slaves who returned to Sierra Leone from Great Britain, North America and slave ships captured on the high seas. In addition, about 5,000 Lebanese, 1000 Indians, and 5,000 Europeans reside in the country. In the past, Sierra Leoneans were noted for their educational achievements, trading activity, entrepreneurial skills, and arts and crafts work, particularly woodcarving. Many are part of larger ethnic networks extending into several countries, which link West African states in the area. However, the level of education and infrastructure has declined sharply over the last 30 years.[1] Contents 1 CIA World Factbook demographic statistics 1.1 Population 1.2 Age structure 1.3 Population growth rate 1.4 Birth rate 1.5 Death rate 1.6 Net migration rate 1.7 Sex ratio 1.8 Maternal Mortality Ratio 1.9 Infant mortality rate 1.10 Life expectancy at birth 1.11 Total fertility rate 1.12 HIV/AIDS 1.13 Nationality 1.14 Ethnic groups 1.15 Religions 1.16 Languages 1.17 Literacy 2 Cities with the highest percentage of a single ethnic group 3 References // CIA World Factbook demographic statistics The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated. Population pyramid for Sierra Leone Population 6,017,643 (July 2005 est.); 5,732,681 (July 2003 est.); 5,232,624 (July 2000 est.) Age structure 0–14 years: 44.7% (male 1,318,508/female 1,371,164) 15–64 years: 52% (male 1,494,068/female 1,637,276) 65 years and over: 3.3% (male 93,047/female 103,580) (2005 est.) 0–14 years: 44.8% (male 1,259,421; female 1,310,516) 15–64 years: 52% (male 1,420,900; female 1,557,597) 65 years and over: 3.2% (male 89,078; female 95,169) (2003 est.) 0–14 years: 44.73% (male 1,148,264; female 1,192,533) 15–64 years: 52.16% (male 1,305,039; female 1,424,076) 65 years and over: 3.11% (male 81,291; female 81,421) (2000 est.) Population growth rate 2.30% (2006 est.) Birth rate 42.84 births/1,000 population (2005 est 43.89 births/1,000 population (2003 es 45.63 births/1,000 population (2000 est Death rate 20.61 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.) 20.66 deaths/1,000 population (2003 est.) 19.58 deaths/1,000 population (2000 est.) Net migration rate 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.) 6.19 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2003 est.) 10.61 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2000 est.) note: refugees currently in surrounding countries are slowly returning Sex ratio at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female under 15 years: 0.96 male(s)/female 15–64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2005 est.) at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female under 15 years: 0.96 male(s)/female 15–64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 0.94 male(s)/female total population: 0.93 male(s)/female (2003 est.) at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female under 15 years: 0.96 male(s)/female 15–64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female 65 years and over: 1 male(s)/female total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2000 est.) Maternal Mortality Ratio 2000 deaths/100 000 births (2000 est.). Sierra Leone's MMR is the worst of any country in the world, according to the 2000 WHO, UNICEF and UNFPA report. Infant mortality rate total: 143.64 deaths/1,000 live births female: 161.06 deaths/1,000 live births male: 125.69 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.) total: 146.86 deaths/1,000 live births female: 128.96 deaths/1,000 live births male: 164.23 deaths/1,000 live births (2003 est.) total: 148.66 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.) Life expectancy at birth total population: 39.87 years male: 37.74 years female: 42.06 years (2005 est.) total population: 42.84 years male: 40.33 years female: 45.42 years (2003 est.) total population: 45.25 years male: 42.37 years female: 48.21 years (2000 est.) Total fertility rate 5.72 children born/woman (2005 est.) 5.86 children born/woman (2003 est.) 6.08 children born/woman (2000 est.) HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate: 7% (2001 est.) people living with HIV/AIDS: 170,000 (2001 est.) deaths: 11,000 (2001 est.) Nationality noun: Sierra Leonean(s) adjective: Sierra Leonean Ethnic groups 20 native African tribes 90% (Temne 30%, Mende 30%, other 30%) Creole 10% (descendants of freed Jamaican slaves who were settled in the Freetown area in the late-18th century) Refugees from Liberia's recent civil war Small numbers of Europeans, Lebanese, Pakistanis, and Indians Religions Muslim 46% indigenous beliefs 29% Christian 25% Languages English (official, regular use limited to literate minority) Mende (principal vernacular in the south) Temne (principal vernacular in the north) Krio (English-based Creole, spoken by the descendants of freed American and West Indian slaves and Liberated Africans who were settled in the Freetown area, a lingua franca and a first language for 10% of the population but understood by 95%) Bengali was named an official language in 2002 although it is not native to Sierra Leone[2] Literacy Definition: Age 15 and over can read and write English, Mende, Temne, or Arabic Total population: 29.6% Male: 39.8% Female: 20.5% (2000 est.) Total population: 31.4% Male: 45.4% Female: 18.2% (1995 est.) Cities with the highest percentage of a single ethnic group City largest ethnic group percentage of population Freetown Krio 28% Bo Mende 47% Kenema Mende 45% Koidu Town Kono 40% Makeni Temne 43% Magburaka Temne 46% Kabala Mandingo 38% Kailahun Mende 50% Bonthe Sherbro 40% Port Loko Temne 50% Moyamba Mende 42% Kambia Temne 38% References ^ "Sierra Leone (02/08)". "U.S. Department of State". http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/5475.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-17.  ^ http://www.dailytimes.com.pk/default.asp?page=story_29-12-2002_pg9_6 v • d • e Demographics of Africa Sovereign states Algeria · Angola · Benin · Botswana · Burkina Faso · Burundi · Cameroon · Cape Verde · Central African Republic · Chad · Comoros · Democratic Republic of the Congo · Republic of the Congo · Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) · Djibouti · Egypt1 · Equatorial Guinea · Eritrea · Ethiopia · Gabon · The Gambia · Ghana · Guinea · Guinea-Bissau · Kenya · Lesotho · Liberia · Libya · Madagascar · Malawi · Mali · Mauritania · Mauritius · Morocco · Mozambique · Namibia · Niger · Nigeria · Rwanda · São Tomé and Príncipe · Senegal · Seychelles · Sierra Leone · Somalia · South Africa · Sudan · Swaziland · Tanzania · Togo · Tunisia · Uganda · Zambia · Zimbabwe States with limited recognition Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic · Somaliland Dependencies, autonomies, other territories Canary Islands / Ceuta / Melilla / Plazas de soberanía (Spain) · Madeira (Portugal) · Mayotte / Réunion (France) · Puntland (Somalia) · Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom) · Southern Sudan (Sudan) · Western Sahara · Zanzibar (Tanzania) 1 Transcontinental country.