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A Goan Temple A Goan temple is called as Deul ( देवूळ ) or a Sausthan( संस्थान ) in Konkani. The temple used to be the centre of the village or city, and all the other social, cultural and economic gatherings in Goa. This Institute was called as Gramasanstha ( ग्रामसंस्था ) in Konkani or Communidades in Portuguese. Contents 1 History 2 Deities 3 Architecture 4 Festivals 5 Related people 6 See also 7 References History A temple in Goa always used to be the centre of the village ( and still it continues to be), the lives of people were related to temples and its festivals. The village property of divided amongst the villagers according to some rules.The patrons of the temple were and are still called as Mahajana and are mostly from Brahmin communities and few from Kshatriya community. This Mahajani system used to look after all the temple chores. Deities Goan temples are strictly devoted to the worship of Panchyatan devised by Adi Shankara. The following sholka says : आदित्यं गणनाथंच देविम् रुद्रं च केशवं | पंच देवताम् इत्युक्तं सर्ववर्मसु पुजयेत् || The following deities constitute a Panchayatana: Devi ( e.g. Shantadurga, Bhagavati , Navadurga, Mahalakshmi, etc. ) Rudra or Ishwara ( e.g. Nagesh,Sivnath ) Gananatha ( e.g. Mahaganapati ) Keshava ( e.g. Lakshmi Narayana ) Aaditya ( e.g. Surya Narayana ) In addition to these deities following deities are also worshipped. Ravalnath Bhutnath Gram Purush Kshetrapal Architecture An ancient Goan Temple - Mahadev Tambdi Surla All the original temples in Goa were demolished by the Portuguese, and all the patrons migrated to other places with the deity idols.The original goan temples were made of black stone and were basically built in Kadamba and Hemadpanti style.Only one such ancient Saraswat temple of Goa exist is that of Tambdi Surla Mahadev. The present day goan temples are a mixture of Nagari, Islamic and Portuguese architecture , this kind of architecture is unique in India.One when observes the temple can have many different angles to it, it can be perceived as a Mosque, Church or simply a Palace. The temples never have a tinge if Hindu architecture in it. This blend of architecture gives them a unique feel, off beat from other temples. The temples are very huge, spacious, surrounded by Agrashalas. A water tank called as a Tali or a Tallay is usually seen at the main entrance of the temple. A large Praveshdwar or the main entrance, with a Nagar Khana is a very distinct feature of Goan temples. A Deepa stambha is an integral part of the temple. Other related buildings with the temple: Agrashala Bhojanshala Yaga-shala Vahanshala Related offices Nagarkhana The temples are usually painted in white or other light colours, and usually are covered with clay tiles. A Golden Kalasha is also seen. The parts of the temple: Sabhamantapa Antarala Chowk Garbhagruha ( Garbhakud in Konkani ) Sarvalli ( Pradakshina marga ) The temples have wooden carvings depicting epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata.The Garbhagruha is usually studded with silver and main idol is made of black stone of some times Shaligrama.The Utsava murtis are made of Silver,Gold or some times alloys.An alloy Prasad Murti is also seen . The Chowk pillars are usually wooden with explicit carvings. The roof is also studded with paintings and chandeliars. Huge bells are hung at the entrance of the Chowk. This place is considered very sacred. Festivals Shibikotsav The following festivals are celebrated in all the Goan temples: Jatra Palakhi Utsav Navratri Tarangotsav ,Dasarotsav Samvatsar ( Saunsar ) Pavdo Gulalotsav Shigmo Related people Idol in the Garbhagruha Pujari Abhisheki Puranik Haridas Devdasi ( Bhavin , Kalavant ) Vajantri Mest Karbhari See also Temples of Goa Photo Gallery Hindu temple architecture List of temples in Goa Vahanas used in Goan temples References Abram, David. Goa, 5th edition. Rough Guides, 2003, p. 110 Gomes, Rui Pereira. Hindu Temples and deities Gune, Vithal Trimbak. Gazetteer of the Union Territory Goa, Daman and Diu. Goa, Daman and Diu (India) Gazetteer Dept.