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TAP Flight 425 CS-TBR parked at Madeira Airport prior to the crash Accident summary Date November 19, 1977 Type Runway overrun Site Funchal, Portugal Passengers 156 Crew 8 Fatalities 131 Survivors 33 Aircraft type Boeing 727-282Adv Operator TAP Air Portugal Tail number CS-TBR TAP Air Portugal Flight 425, tail number CS-TBR, was a Boeing 727 aircraft named Sacadura Cabral en route from Brussels, Belgium, to Madeira airport (informally known as Funchal airport), Portugal, with an intermediate scheduled stop in Lisbon, Portugal, on November 19, 1977. Shortly before 9:48pm on that Saturday evening, after 13 hours and 15 minutes of service time, the tired crew of the 727 was trying to land the airplane on the difficult Madeira airport runway, which at the time was 1600 meters (5,250 feet) long. After two unsuccessful attempts to land the aircraft, the Captain João Lontrão and Co-pilot Miguel Guimarães Leal decided to make one last try to land the plane, before they would have to make the decision to divert to the Gran Canaria Airport in the Canary Islands. While on final approach to runway 24 in heavy rain, strong winds and poor visibility, the aircraft touched down 2000 feet past the threshold, and started hydroplaning. With just about 3000 feet of runway left, the crew tried desperately to stop, applying maximum reverse thrust and brakes, but the aircraft slid off the runway with a ground speed of approximately 43 knots and plunged over a 200 feet steep bank hitting a nearby bridge and crashing on the beach; splitting in two pieces and bursting into flames.[1] Of the 164 people aboard (156 passengers and eight crew), 131 were killed (125 passengers and 6 crew),[2] making it the deadliest airplane accident in Portugal to that point. After the accident occurred, TAP stopped flying the Boeing 727-200 to Madeira, and started flying only the 727-100, which was six metres shorter and took 60 fewer passengers[1]. The crash prompted officials to explore ways of extending the short runway. Because of the height of the runway relative to the beach below, an extension was very difficult and too expensive to perform.[1] Between 1983 and 1986[3], a 200-meter extension was built; fourteen years later[4], the runway was again extended. Following the 2000 extension, the runway measured 2781 meters (9,124 feet) long and was capable of handling wide body commercial jets like the Boeing 747 or the Airbus A340. Coordinates: 32°41′52″N 16°46′28″W / 32.69778°N 16.77444°W / 32.69778; -16.77444 References ^ a b c Rádio e Televisão de Portugal Documentary "TP425 - O voo interminável" (aired November 14th 2007, in Portuguese) ^ AirDisaster.com Accident Database listing for flight 425. Accessed 05/07/2008 ^ 1983-86 History of Madeira, the airport where flight 425 crashed. Accessed 20/02/2010 ^ 2000 History of Madeira, the airport where flight 425 crashed. Accessed 05/07/2008 See also Air India Express Flight 812 Air France Flight 358 American Airlines Flight 1420 American Airlines Flight 331 List of accidents and incidents on commercial airliners External links AirDisaster.com Accident Database Accident description at the Aviation Safety Network v • d • e ← 1976 · Aviation accidents and incidents in 1977 · 1978 →     Jan 15  Linjeflyg Flight 618 Mar 27  Tenerife airport disaster Apr 04  Southern Airways Flight 242 Apr 18  Philippine Airlines Flight 421 Apr 27  Aviateca Convair 240 crash May 10  Israeli CH-53 crash May 14  Dan-Air Boeing 707 crash May 27  Aeroflot Ilyushin-62 crash Sep 27  Japan Airlines Flight 715 Sep 28  Japan Airlines Flight 472 Oct 13  Lufthansa Flight 181 Oct 20  Lynyrd Skynyrd Convair 240 crash Nov 19  TAP Portugal Flight 425 Dec 04  Malaysia Airlines Flight 653 Dec 17  United Airlines Flight 2860 Dec 18  SA de Transport Aérien Flight 730   Incidents resulting in at least 50 deaths shown in italics.    Deadliest incident shown in bold smallcaps.