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Fidra Location Fidra Fidra shown within Scotland OS grid reference NT512869 Names Gaelic name Fiodra Norse name Fiðrey Meaning of name Norse for "feather island"[1] Area and summit Area c.10ha Highest elevation c.20 m Population Population 0 Groupings Island group Islands of the Forth Local Authority East Lothian References [2][3][4] If shown, area and population ranks are for all Scottish islands and all inhabited Scottish islands respectively. Population data is from 2001 census. Fidra Fidra (archaically "Fidrey"[5] or " Fetheray",[6]) is an uninhabited island in the Firth of Forth, 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) north-west of North Berwick, on the east coast of Scotland. shown on the map to the right Contents 1 Geography 2 History 3 Lighthouse 4 Cultural references 5 Footnotes 6 External links Geography Like the other islands near North Berwick, Fidra is the result of volcanic activity around 335 million years ago. Fidra consists of three sections; a hill at one end with the lighthouse on it; a low lying section in the middle, effectively an isthmus; and a rocky stack at the other end.[7] View of Fidra from Yellowcraigs History Its name is believed to be Old Norse in origin, referring to the large number of bird feathers found there. Like the nearby Bass Rock, it has a substantial seabird population, and is now an RSPB reserve. The village of Gullane lies to the south-west, and the nature reserve of Yellowcraigs and village of Dirleton, to which parish Fidra belongs,[8] are to the south. Remotely-operated cameras on the island send live pictures to the watching visitors at the Scottish Seabird Centre in North Berwick.[9] Upon the island are ruins of an old chapel, or lazaretto for the sick, which was dedicated in 1165 to St. Nicholas.[8] In the 12th century, the island formed part of the barony of Dirleton, which was granted to the Anglo-Norman John de Vaux by King David I. The de Vaux family built a stronghold, known as Tarbet Castle, on the island, but in 1220, William de Vaux gifted Fidra to the monks of Dryburgh Abbey, in the Borders. His successor built Dirleton Castle, on the mainland, as a replacement dwelling.[10] Fidra Lighthouse Lighthouse The lighthouse, which was built in 1885 and automated in 1970, can be accessed via a primitive jetty on the east of the island.[3] The light flashes 4 times every 30 seconds.[11] Cultural references It is said that Robert Louis Stevenson based his map of Treasure Island on the shape of Fidra. He often visited the beaches at the area known today as Yellowcraigs. (This claim is also made by The island of Unst in Shetland.) He also mentioned it in his novel Catriona[7] Fidra Books is a publishing house, named after the island, and which uses it as part of its logo.[12] The progressive rock band Marillion also briefly mention Fidra in the song, Warm Wet Circles, where it says "She nervously undressed in the dancing beams of the Fidra Lighthouse",[13] because apparently the coast nearby is a courting spot.[citation needed] Footnotes ^ Ryder, N.L. "Displacement of bone waste by seagulls" (pdf) Circaea: The Bulletin of the Association for Environmental Archaeology. 6 No. 2 (1990) University of York. p. 85. Retrieved 19 September 2010. ^ General Register Office for Scotland (28 Nov 2003) Occasional Paper No 10: Statistics for Inhabited Islands Retrieved 9 July 2007. ^ a b Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 1841954543.  ^ Ordnance Survey ^ Lewis, Samuel (1846). "Faifley - Fifeshire". A Topographical. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.asp?compid=43439&strquery=fidrey#s30. Retrieved 2008-06-18.  ^ Skene, W. F. (November 1862) "Of the early Frisian Settlements in Scotland". Antiquaries of Scotland. 4 Part 1. ^ a b "Fidra". Gazetteer for Scotland. http://www.scottish-places.info/features/featurefirst1599.html. Retrieved 2008-06-18.  ^ a b Martine, John (1890) Fourteen Parishes of the County of Haddington, Edinburgh, p.50-51 ^ Fidra Web Cam Scottish Seabird Centre. Retrieved on 18 June 2008. ^ Tabraham, Chris (2007) Dirleton Castle 2nd edition. Historic Scotland. ISBN 1904966418 pp.21-22 ^ Reeds Small Craft Almanac, London, Adlard Coles Nautical, 2007 ^ "Fidra Books". http://www.fidrabooks.co.uk/. Retrieved 2008-06-18.  ^ Schipper, Jeroen (ed.) (1992-1997). "What is the Fidra Lighthouse?". Marillion Frequently Asked Questions. http://www.faqs.org/faqs/music/marillion-faq/part1/section-36.html. Retrieved 2008-06-18.  External links Images of Fidra Fidra light v · d · eIslands of the Forth Bass Rock · Craigleith · Cramond Island · Eyebroughy · Fidra · Inchcolm · Inchgarvie · Inchkeith · Inchmickery · The Lamb · Isle of May Alloa Inch (river island) · Rosyth Castle (former island) · Tullibody Inch (river island) Coordinates: 56°04′23″N 2°47′0″W / 56.07306°N 2.783333°W / 56.07306; -2.783333