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This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (May 2010) Fereidoon Tavallali "Fereydoon Tavallali" (1919–1985)[1] was born in Shiraz, Iran. He grew up in a traditional and wealthy family. Spending his early years in a beautiful gardened family compound, just outside of the city, in those days,.[2] His primary education was at home with private literary tutors. As poetry was a cornerstone of the teaching methods, he was introduced to Persian poetry very early on. Reading the works of Roudaki, Ferdowsi, Nezami, Saadi, Hafez and Rumi, as he was learning to read. This set the tone for the rest of his life. The poets' messages, philosophy and rebellion was imprinted into his character. His family background and culture of the Qashqai nomads of the mountains of Fars province provided the mold. As a result, he was both a rebel and a poet from early childhood. His first poem was written at age 11, per his own account.[3] Shiraz at the time was a hotbed for poetry and literature, not only due to its history and nature but also due to the fact that the government banned almost all other socio-political activity. Many famous current writers and poets like Dr. Sooratgar, Rassol Parvizi, And Dr. Hamidi were at their prime. One of these local legends was then a secondary school teacher at Soltani High School, where Tavallali was a student. This was the eminent poet Dr Mehdi Hamidi Shirazi,[4] whose influence is evident throughout Tavallali's work. Throughout his high school years Tavallali formed and led poetry and social clubs at school. He also occasionally confronted the authoritarian rulers of the country through speeches and writings at these clubs. As a result he was expelled from three high schools and finally received his diploma through alternative examinations, similar to a GED in the USA. He entered the Tehran University in 1938 and studied linguistics, within the Faculty of Literature. There he met Dr. Parviz Natel Khanlari, whose style is also seen in Tavallali's work.[5] in 1942, after graduating from the university, he returned to Shiraz and joined the "Culture" ministry, a division of the government that included education as well as archeology. He took a management position at the Pars Museum of Shiraz. That is where he met his future wife Ms. Mahin Farbood. She was also from a distinguished family of Shiraz and very interested in poetry and history, eventually publishing several books of her own. They were married the same year and lived together for the rest of their lives. During the next few years he wrote many poems as well as political commentaries that were printed in various newspapers of Shiraz and Tehran. During this period, Iran was going through significant political change due to World War II. More political freedom was allowed and Tavallali's writing talent blossomed. He published his first book called "Al-tafasil" in 1946.[6] This was a compilation of his newspaper published articles. His later works were almost all poetry. He is considered a pioneer of the "New or Jadid" poetry in Iran. Different from the style of Nima Yooshij, Tavallali incorporated the harmony of the traditional and ancient poets of Iran while incorporating a "western" style of writing.[7] He later participated in archeology scientific group in Shush and Pasargadae and art works in Takht-e-Jamshid, Fasa and Darab in terms of his talent.[clarification needed] He also passed administrative degrees from membership and superintendence to general management of Pars Archeology. Then he was appointed as a consultant for Iran- Knowing in Shiraz University in order to pay attention to poem and literature according to his talent and educational experiences. Poetry and prose by professor Tavallali are accepted as very excellent work because of fluent, integration in utterances, meanings and rhetoric.[clarification needed] Tavallali's essays have been published in many newspapers and literary magazines. Group: The humanities The field: Language and Persian literature. Parents and parentages: Tavallali's father was Jalal and he was the dignitaries of Tavallili tribe and treasurer of Ghavam.O.Lmolk. Mrs.Khadijeh, his mother, was Haj Shanbeh's daughter, a religious and honest man, that he was a chamberlain in Ilkani Ghashgaee. The Tavallali family were also the "Motevalli" or the "guardians" of a holy Islamic shrine in Shiraz. the Astaneh of Seyed Ala-Ed-Din-Hossei. It is likely that the surname Tavallali refers to this aspect of the family life. Surnames did not exist in Iran until the mid 1920s. At that point they became a requirement and many people chose a name that reflected their heritage, profession or honors. Social condition and circumstances: Tavallali's relatives migrated from beyond the Aras to Pars Land in Saffavieh epoch, and took part in many that time wars. Tavallali and his sister Shamsozaman were children that their mother died. Feridoon Khan Tavallali was the oldest son of Jallal Khan. Tavallali married Mahin Farbood, herself an author and well known poet. Tavallalis had three daughters, Nima, Fariba and Raha,and four grandchildren. Raha was the youngest and Fereidoon used to call her my little mother as she was spitting image of his mother Khadijeh.[citation needed] Formal and professional educations: Tavallali lived in a big Mansion (Nasrieh) garden with his family in the countryside, and learnt primary education at home with a teacher. Then he went to Namazi school. He finished his educations in Shahpour and Shahpour Soltani high schools. He came to Tehran in 1317, and continued to high education in literature Faculty in Tehran. The activities during education: Tavallali's mother was a poet and composed poet to praise imams and religion leaders and this cause to fereidoon paid attention to poet when he was in grade five at primary school. Middle-age events: A part of his life was spent during the years to World War II. He entered to politics field by the effect due to circumstances but no longer effort, he found out that politics is not agreeable with his poetry nature and preferred literature to politics. Jobs and designations: Tavallali participated as commissioned groups in archeology of Shoush, Pasargad, and art works in Takht-e-Jamshid, Fasa and Darab. Then he was accepted as a consultant for Iran tasks on the basis of this talent and experiences. Other activities and daily programs: Tavallali had relationship with the major magazines and literature newspapers and published his articles in most of them. Also, some of his poems have been translated in English, Russian, Germany, French and Arabic. Ideas and special tendencies: Tavallali's poetry and prose are excellent because of fluent, integration, meanings and rhetorical utterances. Works Al-Tafasil Pouye Raha Karvan Nafe Bazgasht References ^ "Biography". Farrokh Tamimi. http://www.farrokhtamimi.org/english/biography.htm. Retrieved 30 May 2010.  (mentions Tavallali's dates of birth and death) ^ [1] ^ Īn bāng-i dilāvīz : zindagī va shiʻr-i Farīdūn Tavallalī - ISBN 964723001X; 9789647230018 ^ [2] ^ [3] ^ {{http://uwashington.worldcat.org/title/tafasil/oclc/2830026003061&referer=brief_results]] ^ [4] Persondata Name Tavallali, Fereidoon Alternative names Short description Date of birth 1919 Place of birth Date of death 1985 Place of death