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The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the discussion on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until the dispute is resolved. (November 2010) Same gender loving, or SGL, a term coined for African American use by activist Cleo Manago, is a description for homosexuals, particularly in the African American community. It emerged in the early 1990s[1] as a [Black] culturally affirming homosexual identity. SGL is an alternative to Eurocentric homosexual identities e.g. gay and lesbian which do not culturally affirm or engage the rich history and cultures of people of African descent. Specifically, the term SGL affirms Black homosexual and bisexual men and women through its African American conceptual origins, African inspired iconography, philosophy, symbols, principles, and values[2] . The term SGL usually has broad, important and positive personal, social, and political purposes and consequences. SGL is anti-hate and anti-anti-Black [3]. It may not be used to describe both down-low and openly homosexual persons because by its definition SGL is used to describe and encourage functional sexual identity, behavior, and health whereas down-low implies low self-worth and dysfunction around sexual identity and behavior, and health. In a 2004 study of African American men, most of whom were recruited from black gay organizations, 12% identified as same gender loving, while 53% identified as gay.[4] Men attending Black Gay Pride Festivals in nine U.S. cities in 2000 responded similarly, with 10% identifying as same gender loving, 66% as gay, and 14% as bisexual.[5]. Because of selection bias[6] the results of the studies are unsurprising. Recent studies indicate that African-American disadvantaged youths are less likely than Euro-American youths to self-label as gay male, lesbian, or transgender youths[7] . While these studies exhibit an expected outcome, that is, going to an organization or event that is labeled and marketed as gay would yield a high correlation between participants and a gay identity such studies also illustrate the need for increased study and location of the organizations and activities that cater to same gender loving people. An example of such an organization is the National Black Mens Xchange[8] . It is the United States of America's oldest and largest community-based movement devoted to promoting healthy self-concept and behavior, cultural affirmation and critical consciousness among same gender loving (SGL), gay-identifying and bisexual African-descended males and allies[9]. It was reported, for instance, that in 1990 and 2000 the Census allowed same-sex cohabiting couples to identify themselves as "unmarried partners." It is likely that many of the individuals in these same-sex couples would identify as "gay," "lesbian," and/or "same gender loving."[10]. Given, however, that the data on identification beyond "unmarried partners" was not collected nor disaggregated by racial/ethic identity it is unknown what the percentages of American same sex "unmarried partners" identify as "same gender loving." See also LGBT portal African American portal Same-sex attraction References ^ "Communities of African Descent Media Resource Kit". Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation. Archived from the original on 2006-10-02. http://web.archive.org/web/20061002013523/http://www.glaad.org/poc/coad/coad_media_kit.php. Retrieved 2007-02-03.  ^ Parks, Carlton W (2001). "African-American Same-Gender-Loving Youths and Families in Urban Schools". Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services 13 (3): 41-56. "Because most men of color do not self-label as gay or bisexual, the phrase same-gender-loving youths was selected to describe this population. This phrase currently is used by men of color in major urban centers as a culturally-informed self-label related to their sexual orientation identity.".  ^ Manago, Cleo. "The Term Same Gender Loving". Black Mens Xchange in New York. http://bmxny.org/bmxabout.htm. Retrieved 6/1/2011.  ^ Malebranche, DJ; Peterson JL, Fullilove RE, Stackhouse RW (2004). "Race and Sexual Identity: Perceptions about Medical Culture and Healthcare among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men". J Natl Med Assoc. (96): 97–107.  Summarized in Young, Rebecca M.; Ilan H. Meyer (2005). "The Trouble With "MSM" and "WSW": Erasure of the Sexual-Minority Person in Public Health Discourse". American Journal of Public Health 95 (7): 1144–1149. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2004.046714. PMC 1449332. PMID 15961753.  ^ Cochran, SD; Scott RL, Mays VM, Nellos C. (July 11–16, 2004). "Don't Call Me Queer: Preferred Self-Identifiers for Recruiting African American MSM's in HIV Research (Abstract)". Int Conf AIDS. http://gateway.nlm.nih.gov/MeetingAbstracts/102278459.html. Retrieved 2007-02-01.  ^ Christopher Winship; Robert D. Mare (1992). "Models for sample selection bias". Annual Review of Sociology. p. 327. http://140.247.94.249/soc/faculty/winship/ars_1992.pdf. Retrieved 6/1/2011.  ^ Parks, Carlton W. (01/01/2001). "African-American Same-Gender-Loving Youths and Families in Urban Schools" (in English). Journal of Gay & Lesbian Social Services 13 (3): 16. ISSN 1053-8720. "Urban school personnel need to be aware that ethnic minority same-gender-loving youths often choose not to self-label as “gay,” “lesbian,” or “bisexual” (Monteiro & Fuqua, 1996; Peterson, 1992)...Because most men of color do not self-label as gay or bisexual, the phrase same-gender-loving youths was selected to describe this population. This phrase currently is used by men of color in major urban centers as a culturally-informed self-label related to their sexual orientation identity.".  ^ "Homepage". The Black Mens Xchange National, Inc.. http://www.bmxnational.com/. Retrieved 6/1/2011.  ^ villagechief. "Founder of Black Men’s Xchange Issues Statement Regarding CNN’s Don Lemon". http://www.dogonvillage.com/?p=2168. Retrieved 6/1/2011.  ^ Dang, Alain; Frazer, Somjen (Jan/Feb 2005). "Found: 85,000 Black Gay Households" (in English). The Gay & Lesbian Review Worldwide. Harvard Gay & Lesbian Review, Inc.: p. 29.  v · d · eGender and sexual identities Gender identities Male · Female · Androgyne · Bigender · Boi · Cisgender · Genderqueer · Girlfags and guydykes · Intersex · Pangender · Transgender · Womyn Third sex / Third gender Akava'ine · Eunuch · Fa'afafine · Fakaleiti · Femminiello · Hijra · Kathoey · Khanith · Mahu · Mukhannathun · Muxe · Bissu · Two-Spirit · Hermaphrodite Sexual identities Asexual · Bisexual · Ex-gay · Ex-ex-gay · Heterosexual · Homosexual · Pansexual · Polyamorous · Pomosexual · Banjee · Gay · Lesbian · Queer · Same gender loving · Non-heterosexual · Object sexuality · Kinsey scale · Questioning See also Gender roles · Human female sexuality · Human male sexuality · Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures · Sexual orientation Gender studies portal · Sexuality portal v · d · eLesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) topics  Academic fields • Discourse Gender studies · Lavender linguistics · Lesbian feminism · LGBT literature · LGBT/Queer studies · Queer theory · Transfeminism  Community • Culture Anthems · Bars · Bisexual community · Coming out · Community center · Drag king · Drag queen · Gay friendly · Icons · Lesbian utopia · Literature · Music · Neighborhoods · Organizations · Periodicals · Pride · Pride parade · Religious groups · Rodeos · Same-sex relationships · Slang · Slogans · Symbols · Tourism Category:LGBT culture  Gender identities • Sexual identities Gender identities Male · Female · Androgyne · Bigender · Boi · Cisgender · Genderqueer · Girlfags and guydykes · Intersex · Pangender · Transgender · Womyn Third sex / Third gender Akava'ine · Eunuch · Fa'afafine · Fakaleiti · Femminiello · Hijra · Kathoey · Khanith · Mahu · Mukhannathun · Muxe · Bissu · Two-Spirit · Hermaphrodite Sexual identities Asexual · Bisexual · Ex-gay · Ex-ex-gay · Heterosexual · Homosexual · Pansexual · Polyamorous · Pomosexual · Banjee · Gay · Lesbian · Queer · Same gender loving · Non-heterosexual · Object sexuality · Questioning Related Gender roles · Human female sexuality · Human male sexuality · Sexuality and gender identity-based cultures  History LGBT history History of lesbianism · LGBT History Timeline · Social movements · History of Christianity and homosexuality · History of same-sex unions · Pederasty · Category:LGBT history Pre-modern era Adelphopoiesis · Homosexuality in ancient Greece · Homosexuality in ancient Rome · Homosexuality in ancient Egypt · Homosexuality in ancient Peru 16th to 19th century Mollies · Urnings 20th century Gay Liberation · Homosexuals in Nazi Germany and the Holocaust · Inversion · Sea queens · Stonewall riots · Festival of Light action · White Night riots · Queer theory 21st century Same-sex marriage · Post-Queer Theory  Rights • Legal issues LGBT rights by country or territory Africa  · Americas  · Asia  · Europe  · Oceania  · List of LGBT rights articles by region LGBT rights topics Adoption · Civil unions and partnerships · Hate crime laws · Legal aspects of transsexualism · Military service · Parenting · Same-sex marriage (Status · Timeline) · Socialism · Sodomy laws · United Nations/Yogyakarta Principles LGBT rights movements Gay Liberation · LGBT rights groups · LGBT rights activists  Sexual orientations Biology · Birth order · Demographics · Environment · Heterosexual–homosexual continuum · Homosexuality and psychology · Kinsey scale · Klein Grid · Mental roots · Neuroscience · Prenatal hormones · Sexual orientation change efforts · Sexual orientation identity · Timeline of sexual orientation and medicine  Social attitudes • Prejudice • Violence Social attitudes Anti-LGBT slogans · Heteronormativity · Gay panic · LGBT rights opposition · LGBT stereotypes · Religion and homosexuality · Transgenderism and religion · Prejudice & Discrimination AIDS stigma · Biphobia · Heterosexism · Homophobia · Internalized homophobia · Lesbophobia · Riddle scale · Transphobia Violence against LGBT people Corrective rape · Gay bashing · History of violence in the UK · History of violence in the US  · Significant acts of violence against LGBT people · Trans-bashing · Unlawfully killed transgender people Category:LGBT · LGBT portal This article about lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender topics is a stub. 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