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In complex analysis, the Blaschke product is a bounded analytic function in the open unit disc constructed to have zeros at a (finite or infinite) sequence of prescribed complex numbers a0, a1, ... inside the unit disc. Blaschke products were introduced by Wilhelm Blaschke (1915). They are related to Hardy spaces. Contents 1 Definition 2 Szegő theorem 3 Finite Blaschke products 4 See also 5 References Definition A sequence of points (an) inside the unit disk is said to satisfy the Blaschke condition when ∑ (1 − | an | ) n is convergent. Given a sequence obeying the Blaschke condition, the Blaschke product is defined as B(z) = ∏ B(an,z) n with factors provided a ≠ 0. Here a* is the complex conjugate of a. When a = 0 take B(0,z) = z. The Blaschke product B(z) is analytic in the open unit disc, and is zero at the an only (with multiplicity counted). The sequence of an satisfying the convergence criterion above is sometimes called a Blaschke sequence. Szegő theorem A theorem of Gábor Szegő states that if f is in H1, the Hardy space with integrable norm, and if f is not identically zero, then the zeroes of f (certainly countable in number) satisfy the Blaschke condition. Finite Blaschke products Finite Blaschke products can be characterized (as analytic functions on the unit disc) in the following way: Assume that f is an analytic function on the open unit disc such that f can be extended to a continuous function on the closed unit disc which maps the unit circle to itself. Then ƒ is equal to a finite Blaschke product where ζ lies on the unit circle and mi is the multiplicity of the zero ai, |ai| < 1. In particular, if ƒ satisfies the condition above and has no zeros inside the unit circle then ƒ is constant (this fact is also a consequence of the maximum principle for harmonic functions, applied to the harmonic function log(|ƒ(z)|)). See also Hardy space Weierstrass product References W. Blaschke, Eine Erweiterung des Satzes von Vitali über Folgen analytischer Funktionen Berichte Math.-Phys. Kl., Sächs. Gesell. der Wiss. Leipzig , 67 (1915) pp. 194–200 Peter Colwell, Blaschke Products — Bounded Analytic Functions (1985), University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor. ISBN 0-472-10065-3 Tamrazov, P.M. (2001), "Blaschke product", in Hazewinkel, Michiel, Encyclopaedia of Mathematics, Springer, ISBN 978-1556080104,