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This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2009) This article is an orphan, as few or no other articles link to it. Please introduce links to this page from related articles; suggestions may be available. (December 2009) Institutional dichotomy, according to John Wolfenden (responsible for the Wolfenden Report), in his essay The Gap — The Bridge, states that the dichotomization of intellectual disciplines by educational institutions, specifically collegiate institutions, is to blame for the communication gap between specialists in different fields. Forced to pursue contrasting disciplines in college, students diverge from the broad educational background established in high school and pursue narrower studies. As a result, these students lose contact with the shared basis of their education as they venture into separate abstract studies. In effect, the communication gap of collegiate students widens as they become saturated with a curriculum of abstractions that relate to a single area of study. For instance, a college freshman chooses mathematics as his field of study while another chooses English. As they study, the two students become grossly out of touch as they adapt to new languages which will soon serve as a code in their future careers. The mathematics student becomes consumed by symbols and numbers while the English student immerses himself in a sea of classical literary styles and grammatical mechanics. Consequently, the students soon become ill-equipped to communicate with each other. The mathematics student now becomes "illiterate" by standards of the English major and the English major becomes "innumerate" by standards of the mathematics major. Because knowledge is increasing, some fragmentation of disciplines is inevitable. The problem with fragmentation is that students are forced to live in ignorance of studies outside of their fields. Analogy of institutional dichotomy Many believe it would only be prudent to create a bridge between contrasting studies because doing so would prevent intellectual chaos which, in effect, could disrupt humanity's quest for universal knowledge. Chauncey L. Covington, likens the formation of institutional dichotomy with ancient African tribes. Due to the scarceness of vegetation and meat centuries ago, tribes that were once united were forced to disperse in search of food. The more they spread out, the more culturally fragmented they became. As a result, this simple behaviour eventually spawned hundreds of distinctive languages and cultures among people who were once the same. Sadly, when these tribes later meet by chance, they find unfamiliar cultures, resulting in cultural chaos. However, there is no source for this claim because it is laughable to think someone would publish such ridiculous trash. See also The Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution by C. P. Snow, 1959