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Kozelets’ Козелець —  Urban-type settlement  — The city's main street, with the belltower in the background. Coat of arms Map of Ukraine with Kozelets (red) within Chernihiv Oblast. Coordinates: 50°54′0″N 31°07′0″E / 50.9°N 31.116667°E / 50.9; 31.116667 Country Ukraine Oblast Chernihiv Oblast Raion Kozeletskyi Raion First mentioned 1098 Magdeburg rights 1656 Town status 1924 Government  - Head Petro Fedchenko Area  - Total 8.44 km2 (3.3 sq mi) Population (2007)  - Total 8,305  - Density 1,037.67/km2 (2,687.6/sq mi) Time zone EET (UTC+2)  - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Postal code 17003 Area code(s) +380 4646 Website Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Kozelets (Ukrainian: Козелець; Russian: Козелец) is a historic town located in Chernihiv Oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. Kozelets is located on the Oster River, a tributary of the Dnieper. The city's estimated population is 8,305 (as of 2007). The town was first mentioned in written documents in 1098, but its status as an urban-type settlement (a step below that of a city) was granted in 1924.[1] It serves as the administrative center of the Kozeletskyi Raion (district) housing the raion's administrative structure. Notable attractions in the city includes the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin designed in the Ukrainian Baroque style by architects Ivan Hryhorovych-Barskyi and Andrei Kvasov according to a plan by imperial architect Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli. Kozelets also houses several local food industries, and a veterinary technicum.[2] Contents 1 History 2 Attractions 3 People from Kozelets 4 References 5 External links // History Kozelets was first mentioned in 1098 as a fortified town in the East Slavic state of Kievan Rus'.[2] During times of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Kozelets was known by the name Kozlohrad (Ukrainian: Козлоград). The town's main cathedral, built by Ivan Hryhorovych-Barskyi and Andrei Kvasov. In the beginning of the 17th century, Kozelets was an important regional trade center.[3] The town was also a sotnia town in the Pereiaslav and Kiev Regiment of the Cossack Hetmanate during the 17-18th centuries.[4] In 1656, the Magdeburg rights were granted to the town. The Kozelets Cossack Rada elected Yakym Somko as the Hetman of the Cossacks in 1662.[5][6] After the Tatar invasion of 1669, Kozelets was partially destroyed. The city also served as a regional center of the Kiev, Malorossiya, and Chernigov Governorates of the Russian Empire during the 18-19th centuries.[2] At the end of the 19th century, Kozelets's population was 5,420.[7] After the breakup of the Russian Empire leading to the Russian Civil War, Kozelets became a part of the Soviet Union. In 1924, its status as a city was removed and given that of an urban-type settlement. During World War II, the Nazi Einsatzgruppen executed 125 of the towns's Jews, a population which numbered 2,000 before the war.[8] Attractions The cathedral's hand-crafted iconostasis was made in Italy. Being a regimental Cossack town, Kozelets has some important architectural monuments. This includes the Regimental Chancellery Building (the current town hall), the Darahan Mansion complex, the Saint Michael's Church (built in 1784) and the Ascension Church (1864-66).[2] The town's main cathedral and architectural attraction is the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin. The cathedral was built in the mid-18th century in the late Ukrainian Baroque style by architects Ivan Hryhorovych-Barskyi and Andrei Kvasov,[9][10] according to a project by imperial architect Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli.[11] Funds for the construction of the cathedral were provided by Alexey and Kyrylo Rozumovsky (the latter was appointed Hetman in 1750).[10] People from Kozelets List of famous people from Kozelets: Boris Mankevsky (1883-1962), Ukrainian neurologist;[12] Vladimir Negovsky (1909-2003), Russian pathophysiologist;[12] Yuriy Levitansky (1922-1996), Russian poet. References ^ "Urban-type settlement Kozelets, Chernihiv Oblast, Kozeletskyi Raion" (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 2008-06-17.  ^ a b c d "Kozelets" (in English). Encyclopedia of Ukraine.\K\O\Kozelets.htm. Retrieved 2008-06-17.  ^ Kozelets. Moscow: Great Soviet Encyclopedia. 1969–1978. Retrieved 2008-06-17.  ^ "Kozeletskyi Raion. General information about the raion" (in Ukrainian). Division of Culture and Tourism. Chernihiv Oblast Government Administration. Retrieved 2008-06-17.  ^ Syundyukov, Ihor (September 18, 2004). "Ukrainian rebellion" (in Ukrainian). The Day. Retrieved 2008-06-17.  ^ Yakovenko, Nataliya (1997). Нариси Історії України: З найдавніших часів до кінця XVIII ст.. Kyiv.  ^ Kozelets. V. 27. Saint Petersburg: Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary. 1895. Retrieved 2008-06-08.  ^ ""The Einsatzgruppen Case" Military Tribunal II". UWE Bristol. Retrieved 2008-06-17.  ^ Malenkov, Roman. "Oster, Kozelets and others" (in Ukrainian). Ukraine Incognita. Retrieved 2008-06-17.  ^ a b "Kozelets. Cathedral of the Nativity" (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2008-06-17.  ^ "Iconostasis" (in Ukrainian). Cathedral of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin in Kozelets. Retrieved 2008-06-17.  ^ a b "Kozelets" (in Russian). Retrieved 2008-06-17.  External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Kozelets "Urban-type settlement Kozelets, Chernihiv Oblast, Kozeletskyi Raion" (in Ukrainian). Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Retrieved 2008-06-17.  "Kozelets - Danivka - Lemeshi" (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2008-06-17.  Zharikov, N. L., ed (1983-1986). "Kozelets, urban-type settlement" (in Russian). Monuments of urban development and architecture in the Ukrainian SSR. 1-4.. Kiev: Budivel'nyk. p. 300. LCCN 84-179019. Retrieved 2007-12-13.    Administrative divisions of Chernihiv Oblast, Ukraine Administrative center:  Chernihiv Raions Bakhmatskyi · Bobrovytskyi · Borznianskyi · Chernihivskyi · Horodnianskyi · Ichnianskyi · Koriukivskyi · Koropskyi · Kozeletskyi · Kulykivskyi · Menskyi · Nizhynskyi · Nosivskyi · Novhorod-Siverskyi · Prylutskyi · Ripkynskyi · Semenivskyi · Shchorskyi · Sosnytskyi · Sribnianskyi · Talalayivskyi · Varvynskyi Cities Bakhmach · Baturyn · Bobrovytsia · Borzna · Chernihiv · Horodnia · Ichnia · Koriukivka · Mena · Nizhyn · Nosivka · Novhorod-Siverskyi · Oster · Pryluky · Schors · Semenivka Urban-type settlements Korop · Kozelets · Kulykivka · Ripky · Sosnytsia · Sribne · Talalayivka · Varva · more... Villages Kobyzhcha · more... Coordinates: 50°54′N 31°07′E / 50.9°N 31.117°E / 50.9; 31.117