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This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please improve this article by introducing more precise citations where appropriate. (December 2009) Richard A. Rowland Born December 8, 1880(1880-12-08) Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S. Died May 12, 1947(1947-05-12) (aged 66) New York City, New York, U.S. Other names R. A. Rowland Occupation Studio executive, film producer Richard A. Rowland (December 8, 1880 – May 12, 1947) was an American studio executive and film producer. Contents 1 Career 2 Later years and death 3 Filmography 4 References 5 External links // Career Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Rowland was the head of Metro Pictures Corporation from 1915 to 1920, a studio he founded in 1915 along with Louis B. Mayer. Mayer left in 1918 to form his own studio. Metro did most of its productions in Los Angeles and in New York City where it occasionally leased facilities in Fort Lee, New Jersey. Among Metro’s productions were: The Eternal Question, with Olga Petrova, (1916); The Divorceé, with Ethel Barrymore (1919); What People Will Say?, directed by Alice Guy Blache (1915). In 1919, when Charlie Chaplin, D.W. Griffith, Douglas Fairbanks and Mary Pickford formed United Artists to protect their work and control their careers, Rowland, then head of Metro Studios, famously remarked that "the lunatics have taken over the asylum". He later sold Metro to Marcus Lowe in 1920 and subsequently became an executive at Fox . Lowe was acquiring studios to help feed product to his theater chain. A few years later, Lowe merged Metro with recently acquired Goldwyn Picture Corporation to form Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM. Rowland played a key role in the setting of standards and improving the speed of movie projection to improve the quality of the experience as a member of the Society of Motion Picture Engineers. Later years and death Later in life, he was a Professor at Columbia University, where he wrote several academic articles on the role that film played in modern culture. One of his essays, which still is regarded as definitive, is call American Classic in which he argues that the Marx Brothers films are classics that will stand the test of time. Rowland died on May 12, 1947 in New York City. For his contribution to the motion picture industry, Richard A. Rowland has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame located at 1541 Vine Street. Filmography Year Film Notes 1928 The Barker Producer 1955 The Divine Lady Executive producer Uncredited House of Horror Producer Two Weeks Off Producer 1936 I'd Give My Life Producer Along Came Love Producer 1941 Cheers for Miss Bishop Producer References The Sundance Kids: How the Mavericks Took Back Hollywood, James Mottram, Faber, 2006 The American Film Industry: a Reader, Tino Balio, Edition: 2, revised, Illustrated, Univ of Wisconsin Press, 1985, pp 319 The Marx Brothers: a Bio-Bibliography, Wes D. Gehring, Greenwood Publishing Group, 1987, pp 177. American Classic, Richard Rowland, Hollywood Quarterly, Vol 2, No 3, April 1947 External links Richard A. Rowland at the Internet Movie Database Persondata Name Rowland, Richard A. Alternative names Rowland, R. A. Short description Film producer, studio executive Date of birth December 8, 1880 Place of birth Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S. Date of death May 12, 1947 Place of death New York City, New York, U.S.