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Saudi Railways Organization Saudi Railway Organization Projects. Orange is the functional line as of 2008. Dark blue is the Saudi Landbridge. Green is the North South Railway. Red is the Haramain High Speed Rail Project. Reporting mark SRO Locale Western Saudi Arabia Dates of operation 1951–present Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) Headquarters Riyad The Saudi Railways Organization provides freight services on two main lines totalling 1018 km. These connect Riyadh with the Persian Gulf port of Dammam.[1] SRO passenger trains operate between Riyadh and Dammam. There are plans to extend the network to the Red Sea port of Jeddah and, eventually to the borders of Jordan, Yemen, and perhaps all the way to Egypt.[2] Contents 1 History 2 Network 2.1 Rail links to adjacent countries 3 Saudi Railways Expansion Programme 4 Standards 5 Towns served 6 See also 7 References 8 External links History The first railway in modern Saudi Arabia was the Hejaz railway, from the border of Jordan to Medina. This 1,050 mm (3 ft 5 1⁄3 in) narrow gauge railway opened in 1908, but was shut down in 1915. Modern railways were introduced in Saudi Arabia after World War II, to facilitate the transport of goods of Saudi Aramco Petroleum Company from the Persian Gulf ports to warehouses in Dhahran. Construction started in October 1947 and the first line was inaugurated on October 20, 1951. It was initially run by Aramco, but subsequently transferred to the state and since 1968 has been operated as a public corporation. Several development projects have been completed since then, including an extension of the line to Riyadh, construction of several passenger terminals and the opening of a dry port in Riyadh.[3] Network The Saudi rail network consist of the following main lines: Line 1: Dammam - Abqaiq - Hofuf - Riyadh (449.11 km), used by passenger trains. Line 2: Dammam - Abqaiq - Hofuf - Haradh - Al Kharj - Riyadh (555.951 km), used by freight trains Note: Despite the tracks of both lines running parallel on the same alignment between Dammam and Hofuf, they are operated as separate lines. Dammam Port Line (12.854 km)[4] Rail links to adjacent countries Jordan - 1,050 mm (3 ft 5 1⁄3 in) - defunct Saudi Railways Expansion Programme Saudi Railway Organization is planning to expand the network.[5] Projects include: The Saudi Landbridge, a 945 km line from Riyadh to Jeddah and a 115 km line from Dammam and Jubail, connecting the Persian Gulf with the Red Sea.[6] The North South Railway from Riyadh via Buraidah, Hail and Al Jawf to Al Haditha, with a branch to Ras Azzwar on the coast of the Persian Gulf and some minor branches to bauxite and phosphate mines. This will mainly be for mineral transport, but general freight and passenger transport is also planned.[6] The Haramain High Speed Rail Project or Western Railway linking Mecca and Medina, and connecting with the network at Jeddah. This will provide a safe and comfortable means of transport for Hajj pilgrims arriving via Jeddah. Construction works is due to start in March 2009 and 320 km/h electric trains are planned.[7] Standards This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2010) Gauge: 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) Brakes: Air Couplings (freight): Alliance Couplings (passenger): Automatic Multifunction. Electrification (heavy duty long haul): 25kV AC Towns served Main article: Railway stations in Saudi Arabia See also Al Mashaaer Al Mugaddassah Metro Haramain High Speed Rail Project.new North South_Railway saudi.new Rail transport by country Saudi Arabia Transport in Saudi Arabia Arab Mashreq International Railway References Al Ayuni Investment and Contracting Company,Saudi Railway CTW400 Project Main Contractor ^ [1][dead link] ^ [2][dead link] ^ [3][dead link] ^ Technical information on SRO[dead link] ^ [4][dead link] ^ a b "Saudi bidding hots up". Railway Gazette International. 2008-03-10. http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/single-view/view/10/saudi-bidding-hots-up.html.  ^ "Al Rajhi wins Makkah - Madinah civils contract". Railway Gazette International. 2009-02-09. http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/single-view/view/10/al-rajhi-wins-makkah-madinah-civils-contract.html.  External links Saudi Railways Organization Saudi Railways Expansion Programme v · d · e Saudi Arabia topics Index   ·  Outline History Ancient Arabia · Early Islamic State · Rashidun Caliphate · Umayyad Empire · Abbasid Empire · Ottoman Empire · First Saudi State · Second Saudi State · Saudi Arabia Geography Regions (Emirates) · Governorates · Cities · Climate Law Basic Law · Human rights · LGBT rights · Women's rights · Freedom of religion · Mutaween (religious police) · Capital punishment · Passport Politics King · Cabinet · Allegiance Council · National Security Council · Consultative Assembly · Foreign relations · Nuclear program · Mabahith (secret police) Military Army · Navy · Air Force · Air Defense · National Guard · General Intelligence Presidency · Military ranks Economy Saudi riyal · Tadawul (stock exchange) · Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency · Agriculture · Companies · Energy · Irrigation · Oil · Oil reserves · OPEC · Transport · Telecommunications · Tourism · Water supply and sanitation Society Censorship · Crime · Demographics · Education · Healthcare · Human trafficking · Obesity · Prostitution · Religion · Terrorism Culture Art · Cinema · Cuisine · Islam · Language · Media · Music · Public holidays · Sport · Television · Universities Symbols Flag · National anthem · National emblem · Shahada (national motto) Category · Portal · WikiProject v · d · eRail transport in Asia Sovereign states Afghanistan · Armenia · Azerbaijan · Bahrain · Bangladesh · Bhutan · Brunei · Burma (Myanmar) · Cambodia · People's Republic of China · Cyprus · East Timor (Timor-Leste) · Egypt · Georgia · India · Indonesia · Iran · Iraq · Israel · Japan · Jordan · Kazakhstan · North Korea · South Korea · Kuwait · Kyrgyzstan · Laos · Lebanon · Malaysia · Maldives · Mongolia · Nepal · Oman · Pakistan · Philippines · Qatar · Russia · Saudi Arabia · Singapore · Sri Lanka · Syria · Tajikistan · Thailand · Turkey · Turkmenistan · United Arab Emirates · Uzbekistan · Vietnam · Yemen States with limited recognition Abkhazia · Nagorno-Karabakh · Northern Cyprus · Palestine · Republic of China (Taiwan) · South Ossetia Dependencies and other territories Christmas Island · Cocos (Keeling) Islands · Hong Kong · Macau This Asia rail-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.v · d · e This article about the geography of Saudi Arabia is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.v · d · e