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Augusta von Fersen Born Christina Augusta von Fersen 1754 Sweden Died 1846 Sweden Nationality Swedish Other names Augusta Löwenhielm Occupation lady in waiting Known for Her relationship to Charles XIII of Sweden; for being one of "The tree graces", for her love life, and as a source of inspiration in culture and litterature Christina Augusta von Fersen, as married Löwenhielm (1754–1846), was a Swedish noble and lady-in-waiting. She is a well-known figure of the Gustavian Age, and is known in history as one of "The Three Graces" at court, and as royal mistress to king Charles XIII of Sweden. Contents 1 Background 2 At court 3 Children 4 References Background Augusta was the daughter of the noble royal Crown Forester Carl Reinhold von Fersen and Charlotta Sparre, and was the cousin of Count Axel von Fersen the Younger, the granddaughter of Hans von Fersen, and the niece of Axel von Fersen the Elder. Her father, the brother of the Caps leader, was described as "one of the most elegant and spirited gentlemen of his time", and her mother made a success at the French royal court of Versailles with her beauty when she accompanied her relative Ulla Tessin, spouse of the Swedish ambassador Carl Gustaf Tessin, to France (1739–42) and was later made lady in waiting to Louisa Ulrika of Prussia and head of the court of Sophia Magdalena of Denmark. Augusta was married (1770) to Count Fredrik Löwenhielm, who spent a lot of his time abroad; he was the Swedish Ambassador at the Dresden court in the 1770s. At court In 1771 Augusta was made lady-in-waiting to Queen Sophia. She became one of the most known socialites of the Gustavian Age and a centre of attention at court. Together with the ladies-in-waiting Ulla von Höpken (her sister) and Lovisa Meijerfelt, she was known as one of "The Three Graces", as expressed by Johan Henric Kellgren in his poem "Gracernas döpelse" - the Graces were the Goddesses of Joy in Greek mythology. Augusta was admired for her elegance and good taste. Her sister Ulla was at one point the object of Prince Frederick Adolf's affection, and Augusta herself was in the 1770s involved in a relationship with Prince Charles. Her relationship with Charles lasted between c. 1771 until c. 1777 - it was publicly known and accepted, but she was not an official mistress. Their relationship was much talked about when Charles was married to Hedvig Elisabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp in 1774, and contributed to the distance between Charles and his spouse. She was eventually replaced as a mistress by Charlotte Eckerman and Charlotte Slottsberg. After her relationship with Charles ended, she continued to be known for her "unprejudiced" attitude in her love life. Prince Charles' wife, Hedvig, described Augusta in her famous diaries: "She is with no doubt charming, her features are pleasant, her appearance appealing, and dressed for ball, she is quite magnificent". As for her personality, Hedvig adds that Augusta did not have a bad effect on Charles, and that she was a kind person who, due to her tolerant attitude toward others, was also treated tolerantly herself: "As it happened the other day, Countess Löwenhielm was late at dinner and arived a quarter of an hour after it had started, and unfortunately, Baron von Essen arived at the same time. All of us aware of their relationship found it amusing, and some could not hide a smile." Ulla remarked of the incident: "To think if something of that sort would happen to another poor soul - they would never hear the end of it. But my sister is always excused, and it can only be seen as proof of her open nature and her frankness to expose her relationship to that meek Essen for the world". Hedvig then replied: "She may not be more careful than others, but of a kind and goodhearted nature, she is friendly toward all and does not interefere in other people's business, which makes her less exposed to slander than most". In 1795, Augusta von Fersen left court: her mother, formally head of the court of the queen dowager although in reality bedridden, was fired from her position and her daughters left the court in protest, officially to take care of their mother's health, and she was formally fired in June 1795.[1] In 1799, she presented Lolotte Forssberg at court. Her last years were spent in religion and charity. Children Children with Fredrik Löwenhielm: Gustaf Karl Fredrik Löwenhielm (1771–1856) Children with Prince Charles: Carl Löwenhielm (1772–1861) References http://historiska-personer.nu/min-s/pc399b874.html (Swedish) Ingvar Andersson: Gustavianskt (The Gustavian age) (1979) Ulf Sundberg (Swedish): Kungliga släktband (Lund 2004) Svensk biografiskt lexikon (Swedish) Personhistorisk tidskrift, (Första årgången 1898–99) (Swedish) Carl Forsstrand (in Swedish): De tre gracerna, minnen och anteckningar från Gustaf III:s Stockholm ("The three graces, memories and notes from the Stockholm of Gustav III") Hugo Gebers förlag (1912) Carl Rimberg (Swedish) : Svenska Folkets underbara öden VII. Gustav III:s och Gustav IV Adolfs tid 1756-1792 Wilhelmina Stålberg and P. G. Berg : Anteckningar om svenska qvinnor (Notes on Swedish women) (Swedish) ^ Cecilia af Klercker (1923) (in Swedish). Hedvig Elisabeth Charlottas dagbok V 1795-1796 (The diaries of Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotte V 1795-1796). P.A. Norstedt & Söners förlag Stockholm. p. 116. ISBN 231845.  Persondata Name Fersen, Augusta Von Alternative names Short description Date of birth 1754 Place of birth Sweden Date of death 1846 Place of death Sweden