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List of states in the Holy Roman Empire A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W Z Free Imperial Cities - Imperial abbeys This is a list of states in the Holy Roman Empire beginning with the letter S: Name Type Circle Bench Formed Notes Saarbrücken County c1120 999: 1st mention of castellum Sarabrucca To Bishops of Metz To Counts of the Lower Saargau To Counts of the Ardennes 1353: Saarbrücken passed to the Walram line of the Counts of Nassau 1381-1793: To Counts of Nassau-Saarbrücken 1801-1815: To France 1815: To Prussia Saarwerden and Lahr County Sagan Duchy St Blaise in the Black Forest Abbacy St Emmeram in Regensburg RA 830-975: United to Augsburg 1500: Bavarian Circle 1793: Council of Princes St. Gall RA 1207 1799: Annexed to Helvetic Republic St Gall 1401: Imperial city 1454: Associate of the Swiss Confederacy 1648: Left the Empire 1798: new Canton of Säntis in the Helvetic Republic 1803: Canton of St. Gallen St. George in Isny Abbacy Swab 1793: Council of Princes St. Hubert Abbacy St. John's Abbey in the Thurtal HRE Abbey St. Kornelimünster Abbacy Low Rhen 1793: Council of Princes St. Maximin (Trier) HRE Abbey St. Peter Jurisdiction Abbey of Saint Peter in the Black Forest Abbacy St. Ulrich and St. Afra in Augsburg Abbacy 1793: Council of Princes Salem RA Salm 1019: County 1623: HRE Principality n/a n/a 1019 Partitioned from Saarbrücken 1170: Partitioned into Lower Salm (line of Lords of Reifferscheid) and Upper Salm (line of "Wild- und Rheingrafen" or "Forest and Rhine Counts") 1639: Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck separated from Lower Salm 1651: Upper Salm divided into Salm and Salm-Grumbach 1654: HRE Council of Princes 1676: Salm divided into Salm-Salm and Salm-Kyrburg 1734: Lower Salm divided into Salm-Reifferscheid-Bedbur and Salm-Reifferscheid-Raitz Salm-Badenweiler County Upp Rhen 1431 Partitioned from Upper Salm 1520: Partitioned into itself and Salm-Neuburg 1600: Annexed to Lorraine1608: Recreated 1670: Annexed to France Salm-Blankenburg County n/a n/a 1246 Partitioned from Upper Salm 1506: Annexed to Lorraine Salm-Dhaun Salm-Daun Forest and Rhine Count of Salm in Dhaun 1263: County Wild- and Rhinegraviate Upp Rhen WF 1499 1263: Separated from Upper Salm 1499-1574: Part of Salm 1574: Partitioned into itself, Salm-Grumbach and Salm-Salm 1697: Partitioned into itself and Salm-Puttlingen 1750: Part of Salm-Grumbach 1750: Annexed to Salm-Puttlingen 1815: To Prussia Salm-Grumbach Wild- and Rhinegraviate Upp Rhen WF 1574 Partitioned from Salm-Dhaun 1668: Partitioned into itself and Salm-Rheingrafenstein and Grehweiler 1801: Annexed by France 1803: Renamed Salm-Horstmar with new territories Salm-Hoogstraten Altgraviate Upp Rhen PR 1696 Partitioned from Salm-Neuweiler 1739: Renamed to Salm-Salm Salm-Horstmar Forest and Rhine Count of Salm in Horstmar County Swab SW 1803: Renamed from Salm-Dhaun 1269: Part of Bishopric of Munster Acquired County of Horstmar in Prussia and part of the County of Limpurg in Wurttemberg 1803: Renamed from Salm-Dhaun 1806: Annexed to Berg 1810: Annexed by France 1815: To Prussia 1816: Prince of Salm-Horstmar in Prussia Salm-Kyrburg Wild- and Rhinegraviate Upp Rhen WF 1499 Partitioned from Upper Salm 1607: Partitioned into itself, Salm-Mörchingen and Salm-Tronecken 1681: Annexed to Salm-Mörchingen Salm-Kyrburg Prince of Salm-Kyrburg, Sovereign Prince of Ahaus, Bocholt & Gemen, Forest Count of Dhaun & Kyrburg, Rhine Count of Stein 1086: County 1742: Principality Upp Rhen PR Acquired Principality of Overijse and Lordships of Leuze Pecq in Belgium Acquired Lordship of Boxen and Meer-Gestel in the Netherlands 1806: Confederation of the Rhine 1811: To France 1813: Mediatized to Prussia 1905: Line died out; style assumed by Princes of Salm-Salm 1742: Partitioned from Salm-Leuze 1815: To Prussia Salm-Leuze Wild- and Rhinegraviate, later Principality PR 1696 Partitioned from Salm-Neuweiler 1742: Partitioned into itself and Salm-Kyrburg 1779: Annexed to Salm-Kyrburg Salm-Mörchingen Wild- and Rhinegraviate Upp Rhen 1607 Partitioned from Salm-Kyrburg 1688: Annexed to Salm-Neuweiler Salm-Neuburg Wild- and Rhinegraviate County Palatine from 1629 Upp Rhen WF 1520 Partitioned from Salm-Badenweiler 1653: Territories to Sinzendorf 1784: Extinct Salm-Neuweiler Wild- and Rhinegraviate Upp Rhen 1608 Partitioned from Salm-Salm 1696: Partitioned into Salm-Hoogstraten and Salm-Leuze Salm-Puttlingen Wild- and Rhinegraviate Upp Rhen 1697 Partitioned from Salm-Dhaun 1748: Renamed to Salm-Dhaun Salm-Reifferscheid Altgraviate 1455: County Upp Rhen 1416 Created out of union of Lower Salm and Reifferscheid 1639: Separated from Lower Salm 1693: Partitioned into Salm-Reifferscheid-Bedbur and Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck 1801-1813: Annexed by France 1815: To Prussia Salm-Reifferscheid-Bedbur County Principality from 1803 Upp Rhen WF 1639 Partitioned from Salm-Reifferscheid 1734: Partitioned into itself, Salm-Reifferscheid-Hainsbach and Salm-Reifferscheid-Raitz 1804: Renamed to Salm-Reifferscheid-Krautheim Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck HRE Prince of Salm, Duke of Hoogstraeten, Forest Count of Dhaun and Kyrburg, Rhine Count of Stein, Lord of Diemeringen, Anholt County Low Rhen WF 1806: Confederation of the Rhine 1811: To France 1813: Mediatized to Prussia 1816: Prince of Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck in Prussia 1888: Line died out; style assumed by Princes of Salm-Reifferscheid-Krautheim Salm-Reifferscheid-Hainsbach County 1734 Partitioned from Salm-Reifferscheid-Bedbur Salm-Reifferscheid-Krautheim Principality Swab SW 1804 Renamed from Salm-Reifferscheid-Bedbur Salm-Reifferscheid-Raitz County 1790: Principality n/a n/a 1734 Partitioned from Salm-Reifferscheid-Bedbur Salm-Rheingrafenstein and Grehweiler Wild- and Rhinegraviate Upp Rhen WF 1688 Partitioned from Salm-Grumbach Salm-Salm 1574: County Wild- and Rhinegraviate 1623: Principality Low Rhen, Upp Rhen WF, PR 1574 Partitioned from Salm-Dhaun 1608: Partitioned into itself and Salm-Neuweiler 1738: Annexed to Salm-Hoogstraten Salm-Salm HRE Prince of Salm, Duke of Hoogstraeten, Forest Count of Dhaun and Kyrburg, Rhine Count of Stein, Lord of Diemeringen, Anholt Wild- and Rhinegraviate 1623: Principality Low Rhen, Upp Rhen WF, PR 1739 Renamed from Salm-Hoogstraten Salm-Tronecken Wild- and Rhinegraviate Upp Rhen 1607 Partitioned from Salm-Kyrburg 1637: Annexed to Salm-Mörchingen Salmannsweiler Abbacy Swab 1793: Council of Princes Salzburg c543: Bishopric 798: Archbishopric 1278: Prince-Archbishopric 1803: Duchy of Salzburg 1803: HRE Elector of Salzburg Bav EC c543 1500: Bavarian Circle 1793: Council of Princes 1803: Secularized as a duchy for the former Grand Duke of Tuscany 1805: To Austria Sargans HRE County 11th century? 1458–1798: Condominium of the Old Swiss Confederacy 1798: Annexed to Helvetic Republic's canton of Linth 1803: Joined canton of St. Gallen Sarrebourg Imperial City Upp Rhen 1641: Annexed to France Sassenburg To Counts of Mark Saussenberg Landgraviate Savoy (County of Savoy, Duchy of Savoy) 1031/32: County 1313: HRE Prince 1416: Duchy Upp Rhen PR 1032 1401: Purchased County of Geneva 1419: Acquired Piedmont 1582: HRE Council of Princes 1792: Annexed to France 1860: Ceded to France Sax Barony Duchy of Saxony 850: Margraviate 888: Duchy, and an Electorate 1180: After imperial overthrowing of Henry the Lion territorially severely belittled successor duchy to the Ascanians n/a 8th century c850: Ludolf appointed Margrave of Saxony by Emperor Louis the German 961-1106: To House of Billung 1106: To Henry the Proud 1180: Henry the Lion (House of Welf) deprived of his Duchy of Saxony 1180: Separation of the counties of Blankenburg, Cloppenburg, Hohenstein, Lippe, Oldenburg, Ravensberg, Tecklenburg, Duchy of Westphalia, the prince-bishoprics of Bremen, Halberstadt, Hildesheim, Lübeck, Magdeburg, Minden, Münster, Osnabrück, Paderborn, Ratzeburg, Schwerin, and Verden 1260: Partitioned into Saxe-Lauenburg and Saxe-Wittenberg, both claiming the electoral dignity Electorate of Saxony 1423-1547: Duchy and Electorate 1547-1806: Electorate 1806-1918: Kingdom of Saxony Upp Sax EL 1423 Created from merger of Margraviate of Meißen and Saxe-Wittenberg 1485: Partitioned into Ernestine (Electorate, including Thuringia) and Albertine (Duchy of Saxe-Meißen) branches 1547: imperial overthrowing of Ernestine Elector John Frederick I, replacing him by the Albertine Maurice of Saxe-Meissen, thus Albertine Saxe-Meißen merged in Saxony, while the Ernestine line seceded with Thuringia and then partioned into Saxe-Gotha (1553-1572) and Saxe-Weimar in 1553 1582: HRE Council of Princes Saxe-Altenburg 1602-1672: Duchy 1826-1918: Duchy Upp Sax PR 1602 Partitioned from Saxe-Weimar 1672-1825: In personal union with Saxe-Gotha Saxe-Coburg Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, of Julich, Cleve and Berg, of Engern and Westphalia, Landgrave in Thuringen, Margrave of Meissen, Princely Count of Henneberg, Count of the Mark and Ravensberg, Lord of Ravenstein and Tonna, etc. 1596-1633: Duchy 1681-1699: Duchy Upp Sax PR 1572 Partitioned from Saxe-Gotha (1553-1572) 1633: Annexed to Saxe-Eisenach 1680: Partitioned from Saxe-Gotha 1699: United to form Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld Upp Sax PR 1699 Created from union of Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Saalfeld Saxe-Eisenach 1596-1638: Duchy 1640-1644: Duchy 1672-1806: Duchy Upp Sax PR 1572 Partitioned from Saxe-Gotha (1553-1572) 1638: Partitioned into Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Altenburg 1640: Partitioned from Saxe-Weimar 1644: Partitioned into Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Gotha 1662: Partitioned from Saxe-Weimar 1741: United to form Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Saxe-Eisenberg Duchy Upp Sax PR 1680 Partitioned from Saxe-Gotha (1640-1680) 1707: Annexed to Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg Saxe-Gotha (1553-1572) Duchy Upp Sax PR 1553 Partitioned from Saxe-Thuringia 1572: Partitioned into Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Eisenach Saxe-Gotha (1640-1680) 1640-1680: Duchy Upp Sax PR 1640 Partitioned from Saxe-Weimar 1680: Partitioned into Saxe-Coburg, Saxe-Eisenburg, Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, Saxe-Hildburghausen, Saxe-Meiningen, Saxe-Römhild and Saxe-Saalfeld Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg Duchy Upp Sax PR 1680 Partitioned from Saxe-Gotha (1640-1680) Saxe-Hildburghausen 1680: Duchy Upp Sax PR 1680 Partitioned from Saxe-Gotha (1640-1680) Saxe-Jena Duchy Upp Sax PR 1662 1600: Division between Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach 1662: Partitioned from Saxe-Weimar (after 1864: ) Saxe-Lauenburg Duchy, and an Electorate rivalling with Saxe-Wittenberg 1356: finally deprived the electoral dignity Low Sax n/a 1260 Partitioned from the Duchy of Saxony 1305-1401: Partitioned into Saxe-Mölln-Bergedorf and Saxe-Ratzeburg 1689: in personal union (p.u.) to Brunswick and Lunenburg-Celle through inheritance 1714: in p.u. to Electorate of Hanover through inheritance 1803: in p.u. to Brandenburg-Prussia 1815: in p.u. to Duchy of Holstein and King of Denmark 1864: in p.u. to Kingdom of Prussia 1876: incorporated in real union into Prussia Saxe-Meiningen 1681-1918: Duchy Upp Sax PR 1680 Partitioned from Saxe-Gotha (1640-1680) Saxe-Meissen Duchy Upp Sax PR 1485 Partitioned from Saxe-Wittenberg 1547: Merged in Electorate of Saxony Saxe-Merseburg Duchy Upp Sax PR 1656 Partitioned from Electorate of Saxony 1738: Annexed to Electorate of Saxony Saxe-Saalfeld Duchy Upp Sax PR 1680 Partitioned from Saxe-Gotha (1640-1680) 1699: United to form Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld Saxe-Weimar Grand Duke of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach, Landgrave in Thuringia, Margrave of Misnia (Meißen), Princely Count of Henneberg, Lord of Blankenhayn, Neustadt und Tautenburg 1572-1806 Duchy 1815: Grand Duchy Upp Sax PR 1553 Partitioned from Saxe-Thuringia 1582: HRE Council of Princes 1602: Partitioned into itself and Saxe-Altenburg 1640: Partitioned into itself, Saxe-Eisenach and Saxe-Gotha 1672: Division into itself, Saxe-Eisenach, Saxe-Marksuhl, and Saxe-Jena 1741: Personal union of Saxe-Weimar and Saxe-Eisenach 1809: Merger to form Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach Duke of Saxony, Landgrave in Thuringia, Margrave of Meissen, Princely Count of Henneberg, Lord of Blankenhayn, Neustadt, Tautenburg, etc. Duchy Upp Sax PR 1741 Created from union of Saxe-Eisenach and Saxe-Weimar Saxe-Weissenfels Duchy Upp Sax PR 1656 Partitioned from Electorate of Saxony 1746: Annexed to Electorate of Saxony Saxe-Wittenberg Duchy, and an Electorate rivalling with Saxe-Lauenburg 1356: undisputed HRE Prince-Elector Upp Sax EL 1260 Created on partition of the Duchy of Saxony 1423: United with Margraviate of Meißen to form Electorate of Saxony Sayn County Low Rhen 1247: To Counts of Sponheim 1294: Division into Sayn-Sayn and Sayn-Vallendar 1606: Sayn, Hachenburg and Altenkirchen lines died out 1345: Marriage of Salentin of Sayn-Vallendar and Adelhei, heiress of County of Wittgenstein 1605: Division into Sayn-Berlebrug, Sayn-Sayn and Sayn-Wittgenstein. Sayn-Altenkirchen County To Saxe-Eisenach To Brandenburg-Ansbach To Prussia Sayn-Hachenburg County To Manderscheid-Blankenheim To Kirchberg To Nassau-Weilburg Sayn-Sayn 1648: Division into Sayn-Hachenburg and Sayn-Altenkirchen Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg Prince of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg, Lord of Vallendar and Neumagen 1361: County 1792: Principality 1605: Division into Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg and Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hohenstein 1806: Annexed to Hesse-Darmstadt 1806: Annexed to Prussia Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hachenburg 1648: County 1623: Occupied by Archbishopric of Cologne 1715: To Burgraves of Kirchberg 1799: To Counts of Nassau-Weilburg 1803: To Sayn-Wittenstein-Berleburg To Grand Duchy of Luxemburg Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hohenstein Prince of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Hohenstein 1605: County 1801: Principality 1806: Annexed to Hesse-Darmstadt 1816: Annexed to Prussia Sayn-Wittgenstein-Sayn 1846: Line extinct Schaffhausen HRE Abbey 1080 1049: Consecrated 1080: Gained territory from Lgrv Nellenburg 1122–1389: Gained Hiltensweiler lands 1529: Disestablished in Protestant Reformation Schaffhausen 1190: Imperial Free City n/a 1190 1045: 1st mention of Schaffhausen with right to mint 1049: To Abbey of Allerheiligen 1330: Emperor pledges town to Habsburgs 1415: Schaffhausen buys its independence from Habsburg 1454: Alliance with the Swiss Confederacy 1501: Joined the Swiss Confederation 1648: Left the Empire Schaesberg Schaumburg Schauenburg 1110: County 1619: HRE County Low Rhen WE 1110 Division into Schaumburg and Schaumburg-Lippe Partitioned in 1640, with most of its territory being annexed to Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel); the remainder continued as Schaumburg-Lippe 1646: Schaumburg divided into--Schaumburg and Holstein-Pinneberg was transferred to King of Denmark; Lordship of Bergen in Holland was sold; Lordship of Gemen in Westphalia passed to Count of Limburg; and County of Sternberg fell to Lippe. Schaumburg-Lippe Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe, Noble Lord of Lippe, Count of Schwalenberg and Sternberg, etc. 1647: HRE County 1807: Prince of Schaumburg-Lippe 1918: Free State of Schaumburg-Lippe Low Rhen WE 1647: Previously part of Schaumburg Area: 340 km²; Pop. (1800): c20,000 1946: Merged in Lower Saxony Schaumburg and Holstein-Rendsburg County 1290 1474: Merged into Duchy of Holstein Schaunberg HRE Lordship HRE County 1559: Line died out Scheer Lordship 1785: Princely County of Friedberg and Scheer To Thurn und Taxis Schellenberg Lordship 1510: Last Baron of Brandis sold Vaduz and Schellenberg to the Counts of Sulz 1699:Sold to Liechtenstein Schiers High Jurisdiction Schillingen Lordship Schlettstadt Sélestat Imperial Free City Upp Rhen 1648: Annexed to France Schliengen Lordship Schlitz genannt von Görtz 1116: Lordship 1677: HRE Barony 1726: HRE County Franc WT 1804: Seat in the Counts of the Wetterau 1116: To Abbey of Fulda 1408: Renamed to Schlitz genannt von Görtz 1563: Acquired Lordshiop of Pfarrstellen 1656: Gained independence from Fulda 1806: Mediatised to Hesse-Darmstadt Schmalkalden Lordship None To Abbey of Fulda To Bishopric of Wurzburg To Thuringia To Counts of Henneberg To joint rule of Henneberg and Hesse 1583: To Landgrave of Hesse Schönborn (Schonborn) Acquired Reichelsberg Schönburg (Schonburg) 1700: HRE County 1790: HRE Principality Upp Sax 1100s; 1st mention of Schonburg 1569: Division into Lower Schonburg and Upper Schonburg 1700: Head od Upper Schonburg became Imperial Count 1740: Under partial overlordship of Electoral Saxony<1790: Upper Schonburg divided into Schonburg-Hartenstein and Schonburg-Waldenburg Schönburg-Hartenstein Principality Upp Sax 1800: Partitioned from Upper Schönburg Schönburg-Hinterglauchau County Upp Sax Partitioned from Lower Schönburg Schönburg-Rochsburg County Upp Sax Partitioned from Lower Schönburg Schönburg-Waldenburg Prince, Count and Lord of Schönburg, Count and Lord of Glauchau and Waldenburg, etc. Principality Upp Sax 1800: Partitioned from Upper Schönburg Schönburg-Wechselburg County Upp Sax Partitioned from Lower Schönburg Schönstein (Schonstein) Lordship Schöntal (Schonthal) HRE Abbacy Schussenried HRE Abbacy Swab 1793: Council of Princes Schwabegg HRE Lordship To Mindelheim Schwäbisch Gmünd Imperial City Swab SW c1250 1803: Mediatized to Württemberg Schwäbisch Hall 1280: Imperial Free City Swab SW 1280 1156: 1st mention of Schwabisch Hall in a treaty To Counts of Comburg-Rothenburg c1116: Passed to Hohenstaufen 1204: Schwabisch Hall called a town 1802: Lost its territory and political independence 1803: Mediatized to Württemberg Schwäbisch Wörth Imperial Free City 1607/08: To Bavaria 1705-1714: Imperial Free City Schwalenberg County 10th century 1137: Partitioned into Pyrmont and Waldeck Schwalenberg-Sternberg County 1613: Partitioned from Lippe-Detmond 1620: Re-annexed to Lippe-Detmond Schwarzburg HRE Prince of Schwarzburg, Count of Hohenstein, Lord of Arnstadt, Sondershausen, Leutenberg, Lohra & Klettenberg County<nr>1695: HRE Principality 1195: Partitioned from Käfernburg 1160: Division into Schwarzburg and Kafernburg By 1184: Owned Schwarzburg, Blankenburg and Konigsee 1248: Acquired Sondershausen 1302: Annexed to Schwarzburg-Käfernburg 1306 and 1332: Purchased Lordship of Arnstadt 1340: Acquired Rudolstadt and Frankenhausen 1599: Division into Schwarzburg-Sondershausen and Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt 1754: HRE Council of Princes Schwarzburg-Arenstadt Principality 1721: Partitioned from Schwarzburg-Sondershausen 1651-1669 and 1681-1716: Separate lines of Schwarzburg-Arnstadt existed 1762: Re-annexed to Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Schwarzburg-Arnstadt County 1326: Partitioned from Schwarzburg-Blankenburg 1642: Partitioned from Schwarzburg-Sonderhsausen Partitioned several times 1583 and 1669: Annexed to Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Schwarzburg-Blankenburg County 1231: Partitioned from Schwarzburg Extinct in 1357 Schwarzburg-Ebeleben County 1681: Principality 1642: Partitioned from Schwarzburg-Sondershausen 1681-1721: Re-annexed to Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Schwarzburg-Frankenhausen County 1552: Partitioned from Schwarzburg-Arnstadt 1597: Annexed to Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Schwarzburg-Käfernburg County 1195: Partitioned from Käfernburg 1385: Extinct Schwarzburg-Keula Principality 1721: Partitioned from Schwarzburg-Sondershausen 1740: Re-annexed to Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Schwarzburg-Leutenberg County 1324: Partitioned from Schwarzburg-Schwarzburg 1564: Annexed to Schwarzburg-Arnstadt Schwarzburg-Neustadt Principality 1721: Partitioned from Schwarzburg-Sondershausen 1749: Re-annexed to Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Schwarzburg-Rabenwald County 1231: Partitioned from Schwarzburg 1312: Annexed to Schwarzburg-Käfernburg Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Prince of Schwarzburg (-Rudolstadt), Count of Hohenstein, Lord of Arnstadt, Sondershausen, Leutenberg, Blankenburg, etc County 1697: Principality Upp Sax PR 1552: Partitioned from Schwarzburg-Arnstadt Schwarzburg-Schwarzburg County 1274: Partitioned from Schwarzburg-Blankenburg 1316: Divided into Schwarzburg-Leutenberg and Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg Schwarzburg-Sondershausen HRE Prince of Schwarzburg-Sonderhausen, Count of Hohenstein, Lord of Arnstadt, Sondershausen, Leutenberg County 1697: Principality Upp Sax PR 1552: Partitioned from Schwarzburg-Arnstadt Partitioned several times though it continued Schwarzburg-Wachsenburg County 1324: Partitioned from Schwarzburg-Schwarzburg 1368: Annexed to Meißen Schwarzen Lordship Schwarzenbach Lordship Schwarzenberg HRE Prince of Schwarzenberg, Princely Landgrave of Klettgau, Count of Sulz, Duke of Krummau, Lord of Gimborn) Lordship 1429: Barony 1566: County 1599: Imperial County 1670: Imperial Prince 1671: Princely Landgraviate Franc 1347 1500: Franconian Circle 1624: Extinct 1674: HRE Council of Princes 1789: Partitioned from Stephanswald-Franconia as Klingenberg The Schwarzgraviate County 1333: Partitioned from Hohenzollern 1412: Re-annexed to Hohenzollern Schweidnitz Principality Schweinfurt 1254: Free Imperial Town Franc SW 1282 791: 1st mention of Schweinfurt 1200s: Obtained status of a town 1386: Joined Swabian League of Cities 1500: Franconian Circle 1803: Mediatized to Bavaria Schweppenhausen Lordship Schwerin Bishopric 1180: HRE Prince-Bishopric Low Sax EC 1165: est. as diocese 1180: Partitioned - as estate of Imperial immediacy - from the older Duchy of Saxony 1648: Secularised as a principality to Mecklenburg-Schwerin Schwerin Principality Low Sax 1648: Secularized from Bp. of Schwerin Held by Mecklenburg-Schwerin Schwerin 1167: County 1161 1167: Gunzel of Hagen enfeoffed with Schwerin by Henry the Lion of Saxony 1279: Division into Schwerin-Schwerin and Schwerin-Wittenburg 1323: Schwerin-Boizenburg line 1328: Inherited County of Tecklenburg by female succession 1343: Mecklenburg obtained hereditary rights 1344: Schwerin-Schwerin line died out 1349: Schwerin-Wittenburg-Boizenburg line died out 1358: Line of Counts of Schwerin died out; sold to Mecklenburg Schwyz Imperial valley 1309: Split off from Habsburg 972: "Community of Free Peasant of Schwyz" 1173: To Habsburgs 1240: Schwyz declared directly dependent of the Emperor 1315: Original member of the Swiss Confederation 1648: Left Empire as member of Swiss Confederation 1798-1803: To Helvetic Republic Sélestat (Schlettstadt) Seckau 1218: Bishopric 1218: HRE Prince-Bishopric Aust 1218 Segenberg Lordship 1628: HRE County To Waldstein/Wallenstein house Seinsheim HRE Lordship Franc FR Barony of the House of Schwarzenberg 1803: Gained seat in Bench of Counts of Franconia Selz Imperial Abbey — — 991: Founded; 992: Reichsunmittelbar 1481: Mediatised to Electoral Palatinate; 1803: Secularised Sickingen County Swab Siebenbürgen (Transylvania) Principality Siegburg RA Sigmaringen 1250 900s: Sigmaringen castle built 1077: 1st mention of Sigimaringin ?-1253: To Counts of Peutengau-Hirschberg 1270: To Counts of Montfort 1290: Sold to Austria 1325: To Counts of Wurttemberg 1362: To Counts of Werdenberg 1534: To Counts of Hohenzollern Sinzendorf HRE Prince of Sinzendorf & Thannhausen, Burgrave of Winterrieden, Baron of Ernstbrunn 1648: HRE Counts 1803: HRE Princes 1610: HRE Baron of Ernstbrunn 1653: immediate Burgraves of Rheineck 1803: immediate Burgraves of Winterrieden Sinzendorf-Ernstbrunn Acquired Rheineck Sion (Sitten) Bishopric c775 999: Bishops were also Counts of Valais 1798: Annexed to Valais then Switzerland Soest Imperial City Low Rhen RH 1609: Annexed to Cleves Söflingen HRE Abbacy Swab 1793: Council of Princes Solms Count of Solms, Lord of Münzenberg, Wildenfels & Sonnenwalde County n/a n/a 1129 1258: Partitioned into Solms-Braunfels and Solms-Burg-Solms Solms-Alt-Puch County Upp Rhen WT 1688 Partitioned from Solms-Sonnenwalde 1711: Partitioned into itself, Solms-Kurzwitz, Solms-Rösa and Solms-Sonnenwalde in 1711 1769: Annexed to Solms-Kurwitz Solms-Assenheim County Upp Rhen WT 1632 Partitioned from Solms-Baruth 1699, 1728: Partitioned from Solms-Rödelheim-Assenheim 1635, 1722, 1778: Annexed Solms-Rödelheim-Assenheim Solms-Baruth County Upp Rhen WT 1600 Partitioned from Solms-Laubach 1622: Partitioned into itself and Solms-Assenheim 1696: Partitioned into itself, Solms-Baruth upon Klitschdorf and Wehrau, Solms-Laubach, Solms-Utphe and Solms-Wildenfels Solms-Baruth upon Klitschdorf and Wehrau County n/a n/a 1696 Partitioned from Solms-Baruth Solms-Braunfels HRE Prince of Solms, Lord of Braunfels, Grafenstein, Münzenberg, Wildenfels & Sonnenwalde Prince of Solms-Braunfels, Count of Greifenstein, Lichtenstein and Hungen, Tecklenburg, Crichingen, Lingen, Lord of Münzenberg, Rheda, Wildenfels, Sonnenwalde, Püttlingen, Dortweiler und Beaucourt County 1742: Principality Upp Rhen WT 1258: Partitioned from Solms 1235: Partitioned into itself and Solms-Ottenstein 1409: Partitioned into itself and Solms-Lich 1592: Partitioned into itself, Solms-Greifenstein and Solms-Hungen Solms-Burg-Solms County n/a n/a 1258 Partitioned from Solms 1415: Annexed to Solms-Braunfels Solms-Greifenstein County Upp Rhen 1592 Partitioned from Solms-Braunfels 1693: Annexed to Solms-Braunfels Solms-Hohensolms County Upp Rhen WT 1562 Partitioned from Solms-Lich 1718: Annexed to Solms-Hohensolms-Lich Solms-Hohensolms-Lich County 1792: Principality Upp Rhen WT 1718 Union of Solms-Hohensolms and Solms-Lich Solms-Hungen County 1592 Partitioned from Solms-Braunfels 1678: Annexed to Solms-Greifenstein Solms-Kotiz County 1747 Partitioned from Solms-Kurwitz Solms-Kurwitz County Upp Rhen n/a 1711 Partitioned from Solms-Alt-Puch 1747: Partitioned into itself and Solms-Kotiz Solms-Laubach County Upp Rhen WT 1544 Partitioned from Solms-Lich 1561: Partitioned into itself and Solms-Sonnenwalde 1607: Partitioned into itself, Solms-Baruth and Solms-Rödelheim 1627: Partitioned into itself and Solms-Sonnenwalde 1676: Annexed to Solms-Baruth 1696: Partitioned from Solms-Baruth Solms-Lich County Upp Rhen WT 1409 Partitioned from Solms-Braunfels 1544: Partitioned into itself and Solms-Laubach Partitioned into itself and Solms-Hohensolms 1718: United to form Solms-Hohensolms-Lich Solms-Ottenstein County n/a n/a 1325 Partitioned from Solms-Braunfels 1424: Annexed to Solms-Braunfels Solms-Rödelheim County Upp Rhen WT 1607: Partitioned from Solms-Laubach 1699, 1728: Partitioned from Solms-Rödelheim-Assenheim 1635, 1722, 1778: Annexed to Solms-Rödelheim-Assenheim Solms-Rödelheim-Assenheim County Upp Rhen WT 1635, 1722, 1778: Created from a union of Solms-Assenheim and Solms-Rödelheim 1699, 1728: Partitioned back into Solms-Assenheim and Solms-Rödelheim Solms-Rösa County Upp Rhen n/a 1711 Partitioned from Solms-Alt-Puch Solms-Sachsenfeld County Upp Rhen n/a 1741 Partitioned from Solms-Wildenfels Solms-Sonnenwalde County Upp Rhen n/a 1561 Partitioned from Solms-Laubach 1615: Annexed to Solms-Laubach 1627: Partitioned from Solms-Laubach 1688:Partitioned into itself and Solms-Alt-Puch 1803: Annexed to Solms-Rösa Solms-Utphe County Upp Rhen n/a 1696 Partitioned from Solms-Baruth 1762: Extinct Solms-Wildenfels County Upp Rhen n/a 1696 Partitioned from Solms-Baruth 1741: Partitioned into itself and Solms-Sachsenfeld Solothurn 1218: Imperial Free City 1218 1355: Associate member of Swiss Confedearation; annexed to Bern 1481: Full member of Swiss Confederation 1648: Left the Empire Sonnenberg 1463: HRE County 1474: Purchased by Austria Speyer Bishopric Upp Rhen EC 888 1793: Council of Princes 1803: Annexed to Baden Speyer Imperial City Upp Rhen RH 1294 1792: Annexed to France 1816: Annexed to Bavaria Spoleto Duchy in Italy 6th century 1201: To Papal States Sponheim HRE County 9th/10th Century 1227: Partitioned into Sponheim-Eberstein, Sponheim-Heinsberg, Sponheim-Kreuznach and Sponheim-Starkenburg Sponheim-Bolanden County 1314 Partitioned from Sponheim-Kreuznach 1393: Annexed to Nassau-Dillenburg Sponheim-Kastellaun County 1291 Partitioned from Sponheim-Kreuznach 1340: Re-annexed to Sponheim-Kreuznach Sponheim-Eberstein County 1227 Partitioned from Sponheim 1263: Divided between Sponheim-Kreuznach and Sponheim-Starkenburg Sponheim-Heinsberg County 1227 Partitioned from Sponheim 1258: Annexed to Sponheim-Eberstein Sponheim-Kreuznach County 1227 Partitioned from Sponheim Partitioned several times 1416: Divided between Baden and Palatinate 1707: All to Palatinate Sponheim-Sayn County 1261 Partitioned from Sponheim-Eberstein 1283: Partitioned into Sayn and Sayn-Homburg Sponheim-Starkenburg County 1227 Partitioned from Sponheim 1444: Divided between Baden and Palatinate 1776: All to Palatinate Stadion HRE Count of Stadion-Stadion & Thannhausen 1200s: Local Lordship 1686: HRE Barony 1705: HRE County 12th/13th Century 1100s: Family 1st mentioned 1392: Division of Stadion family into the Swabian and Alsatian lines Acquired Thannhausen Acquired Lordship of Waldhausen 1700: Stadion lines reunited 1708: Division into Stadion-Warthausen (extinct 1890) and Stadion-Thannhausen (extinct 1908) 1741: Partitioned into Stadion-Thannhausen and Stadion-Warthausen Inherited by Counts of Schonborn-Buchheim Stadion-Thannhausen Count of Stadion-Stadion-Thannhausen 1705: HRE County 1741 Partitioned from Stadion 1806: Mediatised to Bavaria Stadion-Warthausen Stadion-Waldhausen Counts of Stadion-Waldhausen and Thannhausen 1705: HRE County 1741 Partitioned from Stadion 1806: Mediatised to Austria and Wurttemberg Stargard Duchy 1130: To Dukes of Pomerania 1236: To Margraves of Brandenburg 1292: To Princes of Mecklenburg 1352-1471: To Mecklenburg-Stargard 1348: HRE Estate Starhemberg 1679: HRE Count (Personalist) 1765: HRE Prince (Personalist) n/a FR 1679 1100s: Family 1st mentioned Starhemberg-Schaumburg-Wachsenberg Prince of Starhemberg, Count of Schaumburg-Wachsenberg, etc. 1705: HRE Prince Acquired County of Schaumburg-Wachsenberg Starkenburg HRE Lordship 1237: To Sponheim Starkenstein Lordship Stauf Ehrenfels HRE Lordship HRE Couty Staufenberg Lordship Staufeneck Lordship 1432: Partitioned from Staufeneck-Babenhausen 1599: Annexed to Donzdorf Staufeneck-Babenhausen Lordship 1351: Partitioned from Aichen 1432: Partitioned into Babenhausen-Mindelheim-Cellmünz and Staufeneck Stauffen Lordship Swab Stavelot (Stablo) RA Low Rhen 650: The double monastery, Stablo-Malmedy, was built 1793: Council of Princes Stein County 1194: Rhinegraviate 1072 1268: Annexed to Rhine Stein am Rhein HRE Abbey Stein zu Nassau HRE Lordship Steinfurt c1129: Lordship 1495: HRE County Low Rhen c1129 1421: Annexed to Bentheim-Bentheim 1806: To Grand Duchy of Berg 1810: To France 1815: To Prussia Stephanswald Barony 1437: Partitioned from Schwarzenberg 1529: Divided between Stephanswald-Franconia and Stephanswald-Liége Stephanswald-Franconia Barony 1599: County 1670: Principality 1510: Partitioned from Stephanswald 1789: Partitioned into Klingenberg (see Schwarzenberg) and Krumau Stephanswald-Liége Barony 1510: Partitioned from Stephanswald Extinct in 1656 Sternberg-Manderscheid County (personalist) n/a WF Sternberg and Pyrmont County 1536: Partitioned from Lippe 1583: Partitioned into Lippe-Detmond and Pyrmont Sternberg-Schwalenberg County 1627: Partitioned from Lippe-Detmond 1736: Partitioned into Lippe-Biesterfeld and Lippe-Weissenfeld Sternstein HRE Prince of Lobkowitz, Duke in Silesia at Sagan, Princely Count of Sternstein, Lord of Raudnitz 1641: HRE Princely County Bav 1500: Bavarian Circle To Lobkowitz Stetten Lordship Stettenfels Lordship Stettin Duchy Stolberg Count of Stolberg, Königstein, Rochefort, Wernigerode and Hohenstein, Lord of Eppstein/Epstein, Munzenberg, Breuberg, Agimont, Lohra & Klettenberg County Upp Sax 1210 1231: Partitioned into Stolberg-Bockstädt and Stolberg-Stolberg 1429: Acquired County of Wernigerode 1538: Division into Count of Stolberg-Stolberg, Count of Stolberg-Königstein, Count of Stolberg-Rochefort, Count of Stolberg-Wernigerode, Count of Stolberg-Schwarza 1738: Under partial overlordship of Electoral Saxony Stolberg-Bockstädt County 1231: Partitioned from Stolberg 1346: Annexed to Stolberg-Stolberg Stolberg-Gedern 1710: County 1742: Principality 1710: Partitioned from Stolberg-Wernigerode 1804: Re-annexed to Stolberg-Wernigerode Stolberg-Hohenstein 1571: County 1571: Partitioned from Stolberg-Stolberg 1615: Reunited with Stolberg-Stolberg Stolberg-Islenburg County 1672: Partitioned from Stolberg-Wernigerode 1710: Re-annexed to Stolberg-Wernigerode Stolberg-Königstein 1538-1581: County 1538: Partitioned from Stolberg-Stolberg 1581: Line extinct; annexed back to Stolberg-Stolberg Stolberg-Ortenberg County 1572: Partitioned from Stolberg-Wernigerode 1641: Divided between Stolberg-Stolberg and Stolberg-Wernigerode Stolberg-Ortenberg County 1572: Partitioned from Stolberg-Wernigerode 1669: Partitioned from Stolberg-Stolberg 1641: Division into Stolberg-Wernigerode and Stolberg-Stolberg 1684: To Stolerg-Stolberg 1704: Partitioned into Stolberg-Rossla and Stolberg-Stolberg Stolberg-Rochefort 1538-1574: County 1538: Partitioned from Stolberg-Stolberg 1574: Line extinct; annexed to Löwenstein-Wertheim Stolberg-Rossla 1704: County of Stolberg-Rossla 1893: Prince of Stolberg-Rossla 1704: Partitioned from Stolberg-Ortenberg 1730-1738: Under partial overlordshi of Saxony 1803: To Kingdom of Saxony 1815: To Prussia Stolberg-Schwarza 1538: County 1538: Partitioned from Stolberg-Stolberg ?1677: Partitioned from Stolberg-Wernigerode 1638: Annexed to Stolberg-Wernigerode 1748: Annexed to Stolberg-Wernigerode Stolberg-Stolberg 1538: County 1893: Prince of Stolberg-Stolberg 1231: Partitioned from Stolberg Partitioned several times 1631: Annexed to Stolberg-Wernigerode 1638: Recreated on partition 1684: Annexed to Stolberg-Ortenburg 1704: Recreated on partition 1730-1738: Under partial overlordshi of Saxony Stolberg-Wernigerode 1538: County of Stolberg-Wernigerode 1538: Partitioned from Stolberg-Stolberg 1714: Under partial overlordship of Prussia Partitioned several times, although countship continued. Storkow Lordship 1518: To Lebus Abbey 1556: Margrave of Brandenburg-Kustrin 1575: To Elector of Brandenburg Strasbourg Bishopric Upp Rhen EC 982 Autonomous from 775 1681: Annexed to France 1793: Council of Princes Strasbourg (Strassburg) 1262: Imperial City Upp Rhen 1681: Annexed to France Stühlingen (Stuhlingen) Landgraviate Swab 1582: Partitioned from Pappenheim 1084: 1st mention of "comes de Stulingen" 1120: Rudolf of Lenzburg as 1st Landgrave of Stuhlingen (extinct 1172) 1172: To Lords of Kussenberg (extinct 1250) 1251: To Counts of Lupfen through female inheritance 1251: Counts of Lupfen and Stuhlingen (extinct 1582) 1582: Lords of Pappenheim (extinct 1639) purchased Stuhlingen from Emperor for 80,000 guldens 1603: Pappenheims took possession of Stuhlingen after settling inheritance issues 1605: Acquired Lordship of Hewen 1639: Stuhlingen, Hewen and city of Engen to Fürstenberg by female inheritance 1806: To Grand Duchy of Baden Styria (Steiermark) c. 970: Margraviate 1180: Duchy Aust PR till 1180 "Carantanian March" and six counties as fief of the Duchy of Carinthia; 1180: Duchy; 1192: Inherited by the Babenbergs, Dukes of Austria 1254: Under control of Hungary 1260: Under control of Ottokar II. of Bohemia 1276: Became a Habsburg possession 1379-1436 and 1564-1619: Separate Habsburg line ruled in Styria 1512: Austrian Circle 1582: HRE Council of Princes Sulz 1139: Lordship County 1071 1252: Acquired by Lords of Geroldseck 1270-1472: To Lords of Geroldseck Rudolf of Sulz acquired Lordships of Rotenberg and Kriechingen and County of Klettgau 1473: Acquired by Wurttemberg 1510: Last Baron of Brandis sold Vaduz and Schellenberg to Counts of Sulz 1519-1534: Sulz belonged to Lords of Geroldseck 1534: To Wurttemberg 1572: Partitioned into Klettgau and Sulz-Vaduz 1613: Counts of Sulz sold Vaduz and Schellenberg to the Counts of Hohenems Sulz-Vaduz County 1572: Partitioned from Sulz 1616: Annexed to Weingarten Sulzbach HRE Village Sulzbürg Lordship 1522: Barony 1673: County 1322: Partitioned from Wolfstein 1500: Bavarian Circle 1740: Annexed to Bavaria Sundgau -See under Upper Alsace c900's: County Landgraviate 900: 1st mention of County of Sundgau 1135: Landgraviate of Sundgau to Habsburgs 1648: Sold to France Swabia Duchy c911: From the former Stem Duchy of Alemannia 1079-1268: To Hohenstaufens 1268: Discontinued 1289-1313: Reestablished for the House of Habsburg Swabia Landvogtei Swabian Austria Landgraviate Consisted of the Danube cities of Mengen, Munderkingen, Riedlingen, Saulgau and Waldsee (acquired between 1282 and 1331), the Margraviate of Burgau (1302 - 1304), the County of Berg with Ehingen and Schelklingen (1346), the County of Hohenburg with Rottenburg (1381), the County of Nellenburg (1465) and the provincial Prefecture of Swabia (1386 - 1541), Vorarlberg (14th century), the Breisgau (1478) with Freiburg (1368; seat of government since 1651), the provincial Prefecture of Ortenau (1551 - 1556) and the County of Tettnang (1780). 1512: Austrian Circle