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Museo de la Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público Museum of the Ministry of Finance and Public Credit Location Moneda Street #4 in the historic center of Mexico City. Director José Ramón San Cristóbal Larrea Website Museum Site The Museo de la Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público is an art museum located in the historic center of Mexico City. It is housed in what was the Palacio del Arzobispado (Palace of the Archbishopric), built in 1530 under Friar Juan de Zumárraga on the base of the destroyed pyramid dedicated to the Aztec god Tezcatlipoca. It remained the archbishphoric until 1867 when the Finance Ministry Accountancy Department was established there.[1] The modern museum houses an exhibit dedicated to this god as well as a large art collection.[2] History The building was the colonial archbishop's palace and contains two stone-columned courtyards.[3] In 1530, Friar Juan de Zumárraga became the first archbishop of New Spain, which at that time included most of the Americas and the Philippines. He decided to place the see in two houses near where the cathedral would later be built. After initial adaptation, two structures were added: one to cast bells and the other served as a prison. The structure continued to be modified until 1771 when it attained the appearance still seen today. The complex is topped by a cornice on with inverted arches are combined with merlons. Two estipite columns flank the bay of the portal, through which the highest ecclesiastical authorities of colonial times once passed.[1] Remnants of the pyramid of Tezcatlipoca can be seen on the ground floor.[3] This is because of a restoration project concluded in 1997. Along with restoring the colonial building, two excavations were carried out to expose details of the pre-Hispanic structures.[1] Imprisoned here was one of the first conspriators for Mexican Independence, Francisco Primo de Verdad y Ramos, who died here in 1808.[4] Interior patio of the SHCP Museum. Museum Mural "Canto a lo Heroico" by Jose Gordillo in the main stairwell. Portion of museum dedicated to the site of the building, displaying pre-Hispanic artifacts found here. The modern museum houses a collection of art from the 18th to 20th centuries, including works by Juan Correa, Diego Garcia, Rufino Tamayo, Antonio Ruiz [3], Adolfo Best Maugard and Raúl Anguiano.[5] The central and permanent exhibit is called the "Pago en Especie y Acervo Patrimonial" (payment in kind and cultural heritage). It features works done by Mexicans and foreigners living in Mexico, many of whom donated the works here in lieu of paying their taxes [6], as part of a program initiated in 1957 as part of an initiative to stimulate artistic activity in Mexico for Mexico. The program's foremost promoter was artist David Alfaro Siqueiros.[5] However, the idea did not really take off until the 1970s when Jaime Saldívar, Inés Amor, Gilberto Aceves Navarro repromoted Siquieros' idea, gaining backing from president Luis Echeverría Álvarez in 1975. The revived project has enjoyed enthusiastic support from contemporary artists such as Luis López Loza, Roberto Doniz, Luis Nishizawa, Ángela Gurría, Roger von Gunten, Francisco Corzas, Feliciano Béjar, Francisco Capdevilla, Fernando Castro Pacheco, Arnaldo Coen, José Luis Cuevas, José Chávez Morado and Arnold Belkin, among others, many of whom still make donations to the museum's collection. Because of this, the museum has been able to assemble exhibits of works by individuals such as Rodolfo Morales, Rafael Coronel, Manuel Felguérez and Vicente Rojo.[5] The museum also hosts temporary exhibits, mostly of contemporary art.[3] References ^ a b c Galindo, Carmen; Magdelena Galindo (2002). Mexico City Historic Center. Mexico City: Publicaciones Nueva Guia. pp. 62–64. ISBN 968 5437 29 7.  ^ "Museo de la Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público. Antiguo Palacio del Arzobispado". Archived from the original on 2009-07-24. http://web.archive.org/web/20090724162115/http://es.geocities.com/ciudaddelaesperanza/SHCP.html. Retrieved 2008-09-11.  ^ a b c d Noble, John (2000). Lonely Planet Mexico City. Oakland CA: Lonely Planet. pp. 113. ISBN 1 86450 087 5.  ^ Bueno de Ariztegui (ed), Patricia (1984). Guia Turistica de Mexico – Distrito Federal Centro 3. Mexico City: Promexa. p. 90. ISBN 968 34 0319 0.  ^ a b c "COLECCIÓN PAGO EN ESPECIE". http://www.museosdemexico.org/museos/index.php?idMuseo=61&idMenu=13&Tipo=7&idExposicion=485&TipoMenu=3. Retrieved 2008-09-11.  ^ "Museo de la SHCP/Palacio de Arzobispado". http://www.apartados.hacienda.gob.mx/cultura/apartados/museo/index.html. Retrieved 2008-09-11.  v · d · eLandmarks and historic buildings of Mexico City Centro Zócalo and immediate vicinity Zócalo · Mexico City Cathedral · National Palace · Federal District buildings · Templo Mayor · Old Portal de Mercaderes · Nacional Monte de Piedad Schools and colleges Universidad del Claustro de Sor Juana · Academia Mexicana de la Historia · Academy of San Carlos · Colegio de San Ignacio de Loyola Vizcaínas · Antigua Escuela de Economía · Colegio Nacional · Colegio de Minería Government buildings Old Customs Building · Chamber of Deputies · Departamento de Estadistica Nacional · Secretariat of Public Education Main Headquarters · Senate building · Supreme Court building · Palace of the Marqués del Apartado · Library of the Congress of Mexico Religious buildings Nuestra Señora de Loreto Church · Church of San Francisco · Church of Nuestra Señora de Valvanera · Church of San Bernardo · Ex Temple of Corpus Christi · La Enseñanza Church · La Merced Cloister · La Santisima Church · Temple and Ex-convent of Jesus Maria · Church of San Juan de Dios · Santa VeraCruz Church · Regina Coeli Church · Santa Teresa la Antigua · Temple of San Pablo el Nuevo · Church of Santo Domingo · Temple of Saint Augustine · Temple of San Felipe Neri "La Profesa" · Church of La Soledad Museums San Ildefonso College · Caricature Museum · Franz Mayer Museum · Museum of the City of Mexico · Interactive Museum of Economics · Museo de Arte Popular · José Luis Cuevas Museum · Palace of the Inquisition (Museum of Mexican Medicine) · Mexican Army Museum · Museo Nacional de Arte · Museo de Charrería · Museo de la Estampa · Museo de Estanquillo · Museum Archive of Photography · Museum of Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público · San Pedro y San Pablo College (Museum of Light) · House of the First Print Shop in the Americas · National Museum of Cultures · Borda House, Mexico City Palaces Castillo de Chapultepec · Palace of Iturbide · Palacio de Bellas Artes · Palacio de Correos de Mexico · Casa de los Azulejos · Houses of the Mayorazgo de Guerrero · Palace of the Marqués del Apartado · Palacio de la Autónomia Historic houses Tlaxcala House · Saint Augustine House · House of Count de la Torre de Cossio · House of the Marquis of Uluapa · House of the Count de la Torre Cosío y la Cortina Other Plaza Garibaldi · Antigua Escuela de Jurisprudencia · Chinatown (Barrio Chino) · Tlaxcala House · Garden of the Triple Alliance · Centro Cultural de España (Mexico City) · INAH Building · Abelardo L. Rodriguez Market · La Merced Market · Lirico Theatre · Alameda Park · Plaza Santo Domingo · Teatro Hidalgo · Teatro de la Ciudad · Saint Augustine House · Torre Latinoamericana · Hospital de Jesús Nazareno · Tlaxcoaque Coordinates: 19°26′0.93″N 99°7′52.65″W / 19.4335917°N 99.1312917°W / 19.4335917; -99.1312917