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edit T-box 19 Identifiers Symbols TBX19; FLJ26302; FLJ34543; TBS 19; TBS19; TPIT; dJ747L4.1 External IDs OMIM: 604614 MGI: 1891158 HomoloGene: 3779 GeneCards: TBX19 Gene Gene Ontology Molecular function • transcription factor activity • RNA polymerase II transcription factor activity • protein binding Cellular component • nucleus Biological process • transcription • regulation of transcription, DNA-dependent • regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter • anatomical structure morphogenesis • cell fate commitment Orthologs Species Human Mouse Entrez 9095 83993 Ensembl n/a ENSMUSG00000026572 UniProt n/a Q0VBH2 RefSeq (mRNA) NM_005149 NM_032005 RefSeq (protein) NP_005140 NP_114394 Location (UCSC) n/a Chr 1: 166.97 - 167 Mb PubMed search [1] [2] T-box transcription factor TBX19 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TBX19 gene.[1] This gene is a member of a phylogenetically conserved family of genes that share a common DNA-binding domain, the T-box. T-box genes encode transcription factors involved in the regulation of developmental processes. This gene is the human ortholog of mouse Tbx19/Tpit gene. Studies in mouse show that Tpit protein is present only in the two pituitary pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC)-expressing lineages, the corticotrophs and melanotrophs. Mutations in the human ortholog were found in patients with isolated deficiency of pituitary POMC-derived ACTH, suggesting an essential role for this gene in differentiation of the pituitary POMC lineage.[2] References ^ Yi CH, Terrett JA, Li QY, Ellington K, Packham EA, Armstrong-Buisseret L, McClure P, Slingsby T, Brook JD (Mar 1999). "Identification, mapping, and phylogenomic analysis of four new human members of the T-box gene family: EOMES, TBX6, TBX18, and TBX19". Genomics 55 (1): 10–20. doi:10.1006/geno.1998.5632. PMID 9888994.  ^ "Entrez Gene: TBX19 T-box 19". http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez?Db=gene&Cmd=ShowDetailView&TermToSearch=9095.  Further reading Asteria C (2002). "T-box and isolated ACTH deficiency.". Eur. J. Endocrinol. 146 (4): 463–5. doi:10.1530/eje.0.1460463. PMID 11916612.  External links MeSH TBX19+protein,+human v • d • e Transcription factors and intracellular receptors   (1) Basic domains (1.1) Basic leucine zipper (bZIP) Activating transcription factor (AATF, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7) · AP-1 (c-Fos, FOSB, FOSL1, FOSL2, c-Jun, JUNB, JUND) · BACH (1, 2) · BATF · BLZF1 · C/EBP (α, β, γ, δ, ε, ζ) · CREB (1, 3, L1) · CREM · DBP · DDIT3 · GABPA · HLF · MAF (B, F, G, K) · NFE (2, L1, L2, L3) · NFIL3 · NRL · NRF (1, 2, 3) · XBP1 (1.2) Basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) ATOH1 · AhR · AHRR · ARNT · ASCL1 · BHLHB2 · BMAL (ARNTL, ARNTL2) · CLOCK · EPAS1 · HAND (1, 2) · HES (5, 6) · HEY (1, 2, L) · HES1 · HIF (1A, 3A) · ID (1, 2, 3, 4) · LYL1 · MXD4 · MYCL1 · MYCN · Myogenic regulatory factors (MyoD, Myogenin, MYF5, MYF6) · Neurogenins (1, 2, 3) · NeuroD (1, 2) · NPAS (1, 2, 3) · OLIG (1, 2) · Pho4 · Scleraxis · TAL (1, 2) · Twist · USF1 (1.3) bHLH-ZIP AP-4 · MAX · MITF · MNT · MLX · MXI1 · Myc · SREBP (1, 2) (1.4) NF-1 NFI (A, B, C, X) · SMAD (R-SMAD (1, 2, 3, 5, 9) - I-SMAD (6, 7) - 4) (1.5) RF-X RFX (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, ANK) (1.6) Basic helix-span-helix (bHSH) AP-2 (α, β, γ, δ, ε)   (2) Zinc finger DNA-binding domains (2.1) Nuclear receptor (Cys4) subfamily 1 (Thyroid hormone (α, β), CAR, FXR, LXR (α, β), PPAR (α, β/δ, γ), PXR, RAR (α, β, γ), ROR (α, β, γ), Rev-ErbA (α, β), VDR) subfamily 2 (COUP-TF (I, II), Ear-2, HNF4 (α, γ), PNR, RXR (α, β, γ), Testicular receptor (2, 4), TLX) subfamily 3 (Steroid hormone (Androgen, Estrogen (α, β), Glucocorticoid, Mineralocorticoid, Progesterone), Estrogen related (α, β, γ)) subfamily 4 NUR (NGFIB, NOR1, NURR1) · subfamily 5 (LRH-1, SF1) · subfamily 6 (GCNF) · subfamily 0 (DAX1, SHP) (2.2) Other Cys4 GATA (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) · MTA (1, 2, 3) · TRPS1 (2.3) Cys2His2 General transcription factors (TFIIA, TFIIB, TFIID, TFIIE, TFIIF (1, 2), TFIIH (1, 2, 4, 2I, 3A, 3C1, 3C2)) ATBF1 · BCL (6, 11A, 11B) · CTCF · E4F1 · EGR (2, 3) · ERV3 · GFI1 · GLI-Krüppel family (1, 2, 3, REST, S2, YY1) · HIC (1, 2) · HIVEP (1, 2, 3) · IKZF (1, 2, 3) · ILF (2, 3) · KLF (2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 17) · MTF1 · MYT1 · OSR1 · SALL (1, 2, 3, 4) · SP (1, 2, 4, 7) · WT1 · Zbtb7 (7A, 7B) · ZBTB (16, 17, 20, 32, 33, 40) · zinc finger (3, 7, 9, 10, 19, 22, 24, 33B, 34, 35, 41, 43, 44, 51, 74, 143, 146, 148, 165, 202, 217, 219, 238, 239, 259, 267, 268, 281, 295, 318, 330, 346, 350, 365, 366, 384, 423, 451, 452, 471, 593, 638, 649, 655) (2.4) Cys6 HIVEP1 (2.5) Alternating composition AIRE · DIDO1 · GRLF1 · ING (1, 2, 4) · JARID (1A, 1B, 1C, 1D, 2) · JMJD1B   (3) Helix-turn-helix domains (3.1) Homeodomain ARX · CDX (1, 2) · CRX · CUTL1 · DBX (1, 2)  · DLX (3, 4, 5) · EMX2 · EN (1, 2) · FHL (1, 2, 3) · HESX1 · HHEX · HLX · Homeobox (A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, A7, A9, A10, A11, A13, B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B6, B7, B8, B9, B13, C4, C5, C6, C8, C9, C10, C11, C13, D1, D3, D4, D8, D9, D10, D11, D12, D13) · HOPX · IRX (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, MKX) · LMX (1A, 1B) · MEIS (1, 2) · MEOX2 · MNX1 · MSX (1, 2) · NANOG · NKX (2-1, 2-2, 2-3, 2-5, 3-1, 3-2, 6-1, 6-2) · PBX (1, 2, 3) · PHF (1, 3, 6, 8, 10, 16, 17, 20, 21A) · PITX (1, 2, 3) · POU domain (PIT-1, BRN-3: A, B, C, Octamer transcription factor: 1, 2, 3/4, 6, 7, 11) · OTX (1, 2) · PDX1 · SATB2 · VAX1 · ZEB (1, 2) (3.2) Paired box PAX (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9) (3.3) Fork head / winged helix E2F (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) · FOX proteins (A1, A2, A3, C1, C2, D3, D4, E1, F1, G1, H1, J2, K1, K2, L2, M1, N1, N3, O1, O3, O4, P1, P2, P3, P4) (3.4) Heat Shock Factors HSF (1, 2, 4) (3.5) Tryptophan clusters ELF (2, 4, 5) · EGF · ELK (1, 3, 4) · ERF · ERG · ETS (1, 2, SPIB) · ETV (1, 4, 5, 6) · FLI1 · Interferon regulatory factors (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8) · MYB · MYBL2 (3.6) TEA domain transcriptional enhancer factor (1, 2, 3, 4)   (4) β-Scaffold factors with minor groove contacts (4.1) Rel homology region NF-κB (NFKB1, NFKB2, REL, RELA, RELB) · NFAT (C1, C2, C3, C4, 5) (4.2) STAT STAT (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) (4.3) p53 p53 · TBX (1, 2, 3, 5, 19, 21, 22, Brachyury, TBR1) (4.4) MADS box Mef2 (A, B, C, D) · SRF (4.6) TATA binding proteins TBP · TBPL1 (4.7) High mobility group HMGB (1, 2, 3, 4) · HMGN (1, 2, 3, 4)  · HNF (1A, 1B) · LEF1 · SOX (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 18, 21) · SRY · SSRP1 · TCF (3, 4) · TOX (1, 2, 3, 4) (4.10) Cold-shock domain CSDA, YBX1 (4.11) Runt CBF (CBFA2T2, CBFA2T3, RUNX1, RUNX2, RUNX3, RUNX1T1)   (0) Other transcription factors (0.2) HMGI(Y) HMGA (1, 2) · HBP1 (0.3) Pocket domain Rb · RBL1 · RBL2 (0.5) AP-2/EREBP-related factors Apetala 2 · EREBP · B3 (0.6) Miscellaneous ARID (1A, 1B, 2, 3A, 3B, 4A) · CAP · IFI (16, 35) · MLL (2, 3, T1) · MNDA · NFY (A, B, C) · Rho/Sigma see also transcription factor/coregulator deficiencies This article on a gene on chromosome 1 is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. v • d • e