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Presian inscription, first plate, Archeology Museum, Philippi, Greece Presian inscription, sixth plate, Archeology Museum, Philippi, Greece The Presian Inscription or Philippi Inscription is a medieval Greek text inscribed upon a stone in Philippi during the reign of the Bulgarian ruler Presian I (r. 836–852). Contents 1 Background history 2 Content 2.1 Original 2.2 Translation 3 References // Background history In 837, soon after Presian's accession, the Slavs in the vicinity of Thessalonica rebelled against the Byzantine Empire. Emperor Theophilos sought Bulgarian support in putting down the rebellion, but simultaneously arranged for his fleet to sail through the Danube delta and undertake a clandestine evacuation of some of the Byzantine captives settled in trans-Danubian Bulgaria by the Bulgarian rulers Krum and Omurtag. In retaliation Isbul campaigned along the Aegean coasts of Thrace and Macedonia and captured the city of Philippi, where he set up a surviving memorial inscription in a local church. Isbul's campaign may also have resulted in the establishment of Bulgarian suzerainty over the local Slavic tribe of the Smoljani. Content Original “ Το]ν πολων Βου(λ)γα- ρον [ο] εκ θεου αρχον ο Π- ερσιανος απεστιλεν Ι[σ]βουλον τον καυχανον δοσας αθτον φοσα- τα κ(ε) τοω ητξιργου βοιλ- αν κ(ε) τον κανα βοιλα κολοβρον κ(ε) ο καυχανοσ επι τουσ Σμολεανους ο- ν......Η [τησ] την αληθηναν γ- υρευη, ο θ(εος) θεορι.κ(ε), η τησ ψ- ευδετε, ο θ(εος) θεορι. Τουσ Χριστηανους οι βουλγαρι- σ πολα αγαθα επυισα[ν] κ(ε) οι Χριστηανοι ελησμον- ησαν, αλλα ο θ(εο)ς θεορι. ” Translation “ Of the many Bulgarians [the] by God lord Presian (Persianos) sent Isbul the kavkhan having given him military forces (fossata, "camps", metaphorically for "army") and the ichirgu-boil and the khan boil kolobron and the kavkhan against the Smolyani......If someone seeks the truth, God watches. And if one lies, God watches. The Bulgarians did many good things to the Christians and the Christians forgot, but God watches. ” References Die protobulgarischen Inschriften By Veselin Beshevliev Southeastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 500-1250 By Florin Curta Page 166 ISBN 0521815398 The early medieval Balkans By John Van Antwerp Fine Page 109 ISBN 0472081497