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Infanta Paz of Spain Princess Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria Spouse Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria Issue Prince Ferdinand of Bavaria Prince Adalbert of Bavaria Princess Pilar of Bavaria House House of Bourbon Father Francis, Duke of Cádiz Mother Isabella II Born June 23, 1862(1862-06-23) Madrid, Spain Died December 4, 1946(1946-12-04) (aged 84) Münich Infanta Paz of Spain (María de la Paz de Borbón y Borbón) (Madrid, June 23, 1862 - Schloss Nymphenburg, Münich, December 4, 1946) was an infanta of Spain. A daughter of Queen Isabella II of Spain, she married her first cousin Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria. She lived for the rest of her life in Germany, dedicating her time to her family, charity work and writing poetry. She wrote a book of memoirs:Through Four Revolutions: 1862-1933. Contents 1 Childhood 2 Early life 3 Marriage 4 Princess of Bavaria 5 Children 6 Life in Bavaria 7 Last years 8 Author 9 Ancestry 10 Notes 11 Bibliography Childhood Born at the Royal Palace of Madrid on June 23, 1862, Infanta Paz was the third surviving daughter of Queen Isabella II and her husband Francis of Spain.[1] At age sixteen, Isabella II was forced to marry Francis, Duke of Cádiz who was twice her first cousin. Isabella, who despised her effeminate husband, found an outlet for her passionate nature with a string of lovers. The relationship between King Francis and his reputed children was cold and formal. Isabella II was preoccupied with her turbulent reign and her private life alternated between periods of great affection towards her children and the distant approach to childhood that was the custom of the time. According to historians, the biological father of Infanta Paz was the diplomat and politician Miguel Tenorio de Castilla, who was secretary of Queen Isabella II for several years.[2][3][4] Paz probably came to know who was her real father. In 1890, in his old age, Tenorio de Castilla settled in a suite on the south wing of Schloss Nymphenburg, Paz’s residence. He lived there for twenty-six years until his death on December 11, 1916.[4] He bequeathed all his belongings to Infanta Paz, who accepted them as his universal heir.[4][5] Paz was baptized by the archbishop of Toledo with the names María de la Paz Juana Amelia Adalberta Francisca de Paula Juana Bautista Isabel Francisca de Asis. Her godmother was her paternal aunt Infanta Amalia of Spain, Princess of Bavaria. In her first years, Infanta Paz was raised along side her sisters Infantas Pilar and Eulalia in a wing of the Royal palace of Madrid. In the formal atmosphere of the Spanish court, the little infantas had little contact with their parents.[6] Early life Queen Isabella II with her three youngest daughters: Eulalia, Paz and Pilar. In 1868 when she was only six years old, Paz and her family were forced to leave Spain by the revolution which cost Queen Isabella II her throne. The royal family was at that time in San Sebastian and on September 30, 1868, they crossed the border and went to live in exile in France. Isabella II settled in Paris with her children while King Francis went to live separately in Epinay. Paz was educated with her sisters, Pilar and Eulalia at the Sacré-Coeur, a Catholic school run by nuns. She received her first communion in Rome from Pope Pius IX. In 1874 Paz’s brother King Alfonso XII was restored to the throne in place of their mother Queen Isabella II. Three years later Paz returned to Spain with her sisters Pilar and Eulalia. She lived at first in El Escorial with her mother, but later moved to the Alcázar of Seville. When Isabella II returned to live permanently in Paris, Paz and her sisters moved to the Royal Palace of Madrid with their brother King Alfonso XII. The education and care of the three young infantas was placed under the supervision of their eldest sister Infanta Isabel. Paz was particularly close to her sister Pilar, who was only one year older. In 1879 Pilar, who was of delicate health, died suddenly while the sisters were in the small town of Escoriaza. Paz, who was seventeen at the time, was deeply affected by the death of her sister. Of Queen Isabella’s five children to survive infancy, Paz was the one who resembled their mother most closely. Paz was short and plain with a small upward nose and a mischievous look in her small eyes. Unlike her sisters Isabel and Eulalia, Paz did not have a strong personality. She was uncomplicated, friendly and accommodating. Romantic and artistic, she was very fond of writing poems and was also a skillful painter. As a child, she studied the history of Spain, remaining interested in this subject. In later years she wrote articles published in the newspaper ABC. She was also musical; she played the harp, and enjoyed songs by Tosti as well as the operas of Verdi and Charles Gounod. She was also a devoted Catholic. Marriage Engagement photograph of Infanta Paz and Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria By the spring of 1880, there were plans on the way to marry Infanta Paz to her first cousin Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria.[7] Ludwig Ferdinand’s mother was Infanta Amalia of Spain, a sister of Paz’s father king Don Francis, she was also a first cousin of Queen Isabella. Infanta Amalia wanted to marry her son to Infanta Paz, her goddaughter, and with this in mind, she wrote to her brother and her sister in law, who agreed with the project.[8] Alfonso XII who had briefly studied in Munich with his cousin Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria invited him to Madrid in order to meet Paz. On Sunday June 5 of 1880 Paz wrote on her diary: "Aunt Amalia of Bavaria (widow of Prince Adalbert) is in Paris with her sons Ludwig and Alphonso and her eldest daughter Isabella. Ludwig is eager to meet me, because he liked my portrait. My brother has invited them all to come to Madrid. The two brothers will arrive in the fall. I have heard many good things about Ludwig. They say he is serious and polite. He probably believes that I am better looking that I really am because of the portrait. I leave everything in God's hands ... "[9] When in the fall of 1880 Paz finally met Ludwig Ferdinand, she found him unattractive and did not wish to marry him. Paz rebuffed the proposed marriage, but Ludwig Ferdinand did not abandon his intentions. After two years, lacking any other matrimonial prospect, Infanta Paz accepted her cousin's proposal: on January 1883, Ludwig Ferdinand returned to Spain to ask the hand of Paz in marriage; while walking together in the gardens of La casa de campo on January 22, 1883, he proposed and Paz accepted.[7] The marriage took place in the chapel of the royal Palace of Madrid on April 2, 1883. Paz retained her rights to the Spanish crown and received an annuity of 150,000 pesetas.[10] She was twenty years old. Princess of Bavaria On their way to Münich Paz and her husband stopped in Paris and visited King Francis who was living in retirement in Épinay.[7] In Bavaria the couple settled in Schloss Nymphenburg outside Münich. Prince Ludwig Ferdinand, was not only a cousin of King Ludwig II, but was well liked by him and he was in charge of some the King's financial affairs. In Munich, Paz met King Ludwig II of Bavaria, they conversed in French and he gave her a warm welcome.[11] Their friendship was short lived. King Ludwig II was deposed and died under mysterious circumstances in 1886. He was succeeded by his only brother, Otto, who never truly ruled as King as he had been declared insane in 1875. Otto's uncle, Prince Luitpold of Bavaria, served as Prince Regent. During the festivities for her arrival at the Bavarian court Paz had met Prince Luitpold, who would be Regent of Bavaria until his death in 1912. Paz had already met in Spain two of Luitpold’s sons Arnolfo and Leopold. The second was married to Gisela, Archduchess of Austria, daughter of Emperor Francis Joseph and Paz and Gisela became good friends.[12] Paz was related to Luitpold's eldest son Ludwig who became King of Bavaria in 1913 as Ludwig III . His wife was half sister of Queen Maria Christina of Spain. Paz also had friends among members of the ducal branch of the house Wittelsbach.[12] Paz' husband Prince Ludwig Ferdinand was a great music lover. He played the violin with the Munich royal orchestra.[13] Besides following a military career, reaching the highest ranks, he practiced medicine which he had studied at the University of Munich.[13] He avoided palace intrigues, for he did not like court life; the couple preferred to live quietly with their three children in Schloss Nymphenburg.[14] They surrounded themselves with Spanish artists visiting Bavaria: the composer Tomás Bretón, the violist Sarasate and the painters Rosales and Moreno Carbonero. Children Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria, Infanta Paz and their three children The marriage of Infanta Paz and Prince Ludwig Ferdinand was long and happy. They had three children. The eldest, Prince Ferdinand, followed the tradition of Bavarian-Spanish marriages and lived for the rest of his life in Spain. Paz' youngest children inherited her artistic and literary interests. Prince Adalbert was a writer and historian; Princess Pilar was a painter and wrote a book about the reign of his cousin Alphonso XIII. Since her eldest son settled in Spain, Paz made frequent trips to her native country to visit her Spanish grandchildren: Infante Ferdinand of Spain, Prince of Bavaria (1884–1958); born in Madrid he settled permanently in Spain in 1905. He married his cousin Infanta Maria Teresa, daughter of Alfonso XII of Spain. Prince Adalbert of Bavaria (1886–1970). He was a historian and diplomat. He married Countess Augusta of Seefried and had two sons; lived in Germany. Princess Pilar of Bavaria (1891–1987), unmarried. She worked as a painter. Life in Bavaria Prince Ludwig Ferdinand of Bavaria and Infanta Paz In Munich, Paz dedicated a great deal of her time to charity work.[15] She expanded an asylum for poor children, in Neuhausen near Nymphenburg, called Marien-Ludwig-Ferdinand. In 1913, she founded a school in Munich, within the grounds of Schloss Nymphenburg, that came to accommodate thirty-eight students who came from different provinces of Spain.[15] This institution was dissolved in 1918 with the revolution that ended the Bavarian monarchy. The Infanta was also in charge of the art exhibit held each year at the Munich Glaspalast until its destruction by fire in 1931.[15] Her house was visited by writers and artist such as Sarasate, Bretón, Richard Strauss, the painter Franz von Lenbach or the Nobel prize winner Paul Heyse among others. From Bavaria Infanta Paz followed the life of her Spanish family through letters from her sister Isabel. Paz' only brother King Alphonso XII died young in 1886. Paz maintained a warm relationship with her sister in law Queen Maria Christina who was regent of Spain. Later King Alphonso XIII also had great affection for his aunt Paz. Paz' links to her native country were reinforced with the marriage of her eldest son Prince Ferdinand of Bavaria to his first cousin Infanta Maria Teresa. In 1905, her nephew Alphonso XIII visited Paz during her European tour in search of a wife. The following year Paz and her family went to Madrid and represented Bavaria in the wedding of King Alphonso XIII with Victoria Eugenia of Battenberg. As a wedding present Paz gave Victoria Eugenia a crown made of gold found in the river Darro, which had belonged to Isabella II. In 1914 Infanta Paz made a journey by car to Salamanca, Leon, Oviedo, Covadonga and the Cantabrian coast, accompanied by the Marquis de la Vega of Anzo, her sister Infanta Isabel and her daughter Princess Pilar. At the outbreak of World War I in August that year she stayed in Nymphenburg. Her son, Adalbert, who was chief of artillery, joined the German forces. Her sister Eulalia was a frequent visitor and she was a great help after the devastation caused by World War I Last years Back row: Infante Jose, Prince Adalbert, Infante Fernando, Infante Luis Alfonso. Seated : Princess Adalbert, Princess Pilar, Prince Ludwig Ferdinad, Infanta Paz, Infanta Luisa, Infanta Maria de las Mercedes. Seated on the ground : Prince Alexander, Prince Konstantine. 1932 After the war and the fall of the Bavarian monarchy, Infanta Paz and her family, were allowed to keep on living in Nymphenburg. The family fortune was drastically reduced, but Paz still had income as a member of the Spanish Royal family. She made sporadic visits to Spain. While in Madrid they stayed at the royal Palace.[16] Paz also owned a rural property in Cuenca that she had inherited from her grandmother Queen Maria Cristina. She also owned the house of the Dukes of Riánsares, in Tarancón where she used to spend long sojourns enjoying the dry fields of la Mancha.[16] Nearby she bought a rural estate called Saelices, that her husband transformed into a model of agricultural farming. It was bought years later by the bullfighter Luis Miguel Dominguín. In October 1928 Paz went to the small town of Santillana del Mar, which she had visited previously in 1881, and the town council gave her a house to spend summers there. Paz, whose name means peace in Spanish, honored her name in observance of pacifism. She took part in Pacifist congresses of 1921 in Paris, 1923 in Friburg, 1924 in London, 1926 in Luxembourg and 1926 in Bierville, France.[16] Following the overthrow of her nephew Alphonso XIII in 1931, Paz lost her Spanish-derived income. Her life in in Germany became more restricted with the arrival of Hitler to power in January 1933. Unlike the main branch of the Bavarian royal family, the Albertine branch - to which Paz' family belonged - were not outspokenly opposed to the Nazi regime. Paz' son Adalbert and his two sons Konstantine and Alexander served in the army during World War II until they were forced out when Hitler turned against the German princes. Gestapo officers checked her house; her letters with her Spanish correspondents were opened and read before they were sent on. In 1945 American troops entered Munich. Some soldiers assaulted her house taking with them some jewelry that Paz had inherited from her mother which turned out to be fake. In 1946 Paz accidentally fell down some stairs and died some hours later.[17] She was buried in the royal crypt in the church of San Michael in Munich. Her husband survived her by three years. Author Arms of María de la Paz as Infanta of Spain. Infanta Paz wrote the following books: Cuatro revoluciones e intemedios:Setenta años de mi vida. Memorias de la Infanta Paz. Espasa-Calpe, Madrid, 1935.[17] Published in English as Through Four Revolutions: 1862-1933. Aus meine Leben: Erinnereungen von Prinzessin Ludwig Ferdinand von Bayern (Munich, Georg Muller, 1917)[17] De mi vida. Impresiones (Madrid, 1909), De mi vida.Impresiones (Salamanca, 1911) Buscando las huellas de Don Quijote (Freiburg, 1905).[17] Emmanuela Theresa von Orden St. Clara, tochter des Kurfürsten Max Emanuel von Bayern 1696-1750 (Munich, 1902, published in German and in French ).[17] Poesías (Freiburg,1904), Roma eterna (Munich, 1922).[17] She also translated from German to Spanish the historical books written by her son Prince Adalbert. Paz' personal diary was drawn upon by her son, who in taking some passages from it and adding extracts from her letters to members of her family, published a book with the title Through Four Revolutions: 1862-1933. Ancestry Ancestors of Infanta María de la Paz of Spain                                     16. Charles III of Spain               8. Charles IV of Spain                       17. Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony               4. Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain                             18. Philip, Duke of Parma               9. Princess Maria Luisa of Parma                       19. Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France               2. Infante Francis of Spain, Duke of Cádiz                                   20. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies               10. Francis I of the Two Sicilies                       21. Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria               5. Princess Luisa Carlotta of the Two Sicilies                             22. Charles IV of Spain               11. Infanta Maria Isabella of Spain                       23. Princess Maria Luisa of Parma               1. Infanta María de la Paz of Spain                                         24. Charles III of Spain               12. Charles IV of Spain                       25. Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony               6. Ferdinand VII of Spain                             26. Philip, Duke of Parma               13. Princess Maria Luisa of Parma                       27. Princess Louise-Élisabeth of France               3. Isabella II of Spain                                   28. Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies               14. Francis I of the Two Sicilies                       29. Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria               7. Princess Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies                             30. Charles IV of Spain               15. Infanta Maria Isabella of Spain                       31. Princess Maria Luisa of Parma             Notes ^ Puga, 20 infantas de España, p. 133 ^ Cierva, Alfonso y Victoria , p. 261 ^ Vidal Sales, Francisco de Asís de Borbón y Borbón , p. 168 ^ a b c Rey y Cabieses, Wittelsbach y Borbón, p. 15 ^ Vidal Sales, Francisco de Asís de Borbón y Borbón , p. 169 ^ Rey y Cabieses, Wittelsbach y Borbón, p. 16 ^ a b c Rey y Cabieses, Wittelsbach y Borbón, p. 18 ^ Rey y Cabieses, Wittelsbach y Borbón, p. 17 ^ Infanta Paz, Cuatro revoluciones e intemedios , p. 88 ^ Infanta Paz, Cuatro revoluciones e intemedios , p. 103 ^ Rey y Cabieses, Wittelsbach y Borbón, p. 20 ^ a b Rey y Cabieses, Wittelsbach y Borbón, p. 21 ^ a b Rey y Cabieses, Wittelsbach y Borbón, p. 24 ^ Rey y Cabieses, Wittelsbach y Borbón, p. 25 ^ a b c Rey y Cabieses, Wittelsbach y Borbón, p. 22 ^ a b c Rey y Cabieses, Wittelsbach y Borbón, p. 28 ^ a b c d e f Rey y Cabieses, Wittelsbach y Borbón, p. 29 Bibliography Aronson, Theo. Venganza real: la Corona de España, 1829-1965. Ed.Grijalbo, 1968. Infanta Paz; Cuatro revoluciones e intemedios: Setenta años de mi vida. Espasa-Calpe, Madrid, 1935. Infanta Eulalia; Memorias de Doña Eulalia de Borbón, Infanta de España (1864-1931). Ed. Juventud, 1954. Baviera, S.A.R. Princesa Pilar de; Chapman-Huston, Comandante Desmond. Alfonso XIII. Col. "Z" Puga, Maria Teresa; 20 infantas de España: Sus vidas, entre las ilusiones y el destino. Ed. Juventud, Barcelona, 1998. Rey y Cabieses, Amadeo-Martín, Wittelsbach y Borbón: Relaciones y Enlaces Entre las Casas Reales de Baviera y de España, Siglos XIX Al XXI, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 2005 Vidal Sales, José Antonio; Francisco de Asís de Borbón y Borbón: la peripecia íntima, secreta y sentimental del esposo de Isabel II, un rey consorte afeminado y blando. Ed. Planeta, 1995 Wikimedia Commons has media related to: María de la Paz of Spain v · d · eInfantas of Spain The generations indicate descent form Charles I, under whom the crowns of Castile and Aragon were united, forming the Kingdom of Spain. Previously, the title Infanta had been largely use in the different realms. 1st Generation Maria, Holy Roman Empress · Joan, Princess of Portugal 2nd Generation Isabella Clara Eugenia, Co-sovereign of the Habsburg Netherlands · Catherine Michelle, Duchess of Savoy · Infanta Maria 3rd Generation Anne, Queen of France · Infanta Maria  · Maria Ana, Holy Roman Empress  · Infanta Margarita Francisca 4th Generation Infanta María Margarita  · Infanta Margarita María  · Infanta Maria Eugenia  · Infanta Isabel María  · Infanta Mariana  · Maria Theresa, Queen of France · Margarita Teresa, Holy Roman Empress  · Infanta Maria Ambrosia 5th Generation none 6th Generation none 7th Generation Maria Anna Victoria, Queen of Portugal  · Maria Teresa Rafaela, Dauphine of France · Maria Antonia Ferdinanda, Queen of Sardinia 8th Generation Infanta Maria Isabel · Infanta Maria Josefa  · Infanta María Isabel Ana  · Infanta Maria Josepha  · Maria Luisa, Holy Roman Empress  · Infanta Maria Teresa  · Infanta Maria Ana 9th Generation Carlota Joaquina, Queen of Portugal · Infanta Maria Luisa · Infanta Maria Amalia · Maria Louisa, Queen of Etruria · Maria Isabella, Queen of the Two Sicilies · Infanta Maria Teresa 10th Generation Isabella II · Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier · Maria Luisa, Crown Princess of Saxony* · Isabella, Countess Ignaz Gurowski* · Luisa, Duchess of Sessa* · Infanta Josefina, Mrs. José Guëll* · Infanta Maria Cristina* · Amelia Philippina, Princess Adalbert of Bavaria* 11th Generation Isabella, Princess of Asturias · Infanta Maria Cristina · Maria de la Concepcio  · Maria de Pilar  · Maria de la Paz, Princess Louis Ferdinand of Bavaria · Eulalia, Duchess of Galliera · Maria Isabella, Countess of Paris* · Infanta Amalia of Orléans* · Infanta Cristina d'Orléans* · Infanta Maria de la Regla of Orléans* · Mercedes, Queen of Spain* 12th Generation Mercedes, Princess of Asturias · Maria Teresa, Princess Ferdinand of Bavaria 13th Generation Beatriz, Princess of Citivella-Cesi · Maria Cristina, Countess of Marone · Isabel Alfonsa, Countess Jan Kanty Zamoyski* · Mercedes, Princess Bagration of Mukhrani* · Infanta Pilar of Bavaria* 14th Generation Pilar, Duchess of Badajoz · Margarita, Duchess of Hernani and Soria 15th Generation Elena, Duchess of Lugo · Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca 16th Generation Infanta Leonor · Infanta Sofía *title granted by Royal Decree v · d · eThe Bourbons of Spain  Philip V Spouse(s) HH Princess Maria Luisa Gabriella of Savoy  • HH Elisabeth Farnese Children Louis I*  • Felipe*  • Felipe*  • Ferdinand VI*  • Charles III*  • Francisco*  • Mariana Víctoria, Queen of Portugal*  • Philip, Duke of Parma*  • Maria Teresa Rafaela, Dauphine of France*  • Luis, Count of Chinchón*  • Maria Antonietta, Queen of Sardinia* Siblings Louis, Duke of Burgundy  • Charles, Duke of Berry Grandchildren María Isabel Antonia  • María Josefa Antonieta  • María Isabel Ana  • María Josefa Carmela  • Maria Luisa, Holy Roman Empress  • Felipe, Duke of Calabria  • Charles IV  • María Teresa  • Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies  • Gabriel  • Ana María  • Antonio Pascual  • Francisco Javier  • Isabella, Archduchess of Austria  • Ferdinand, Duke of Parma  • Maria Luisa, Queen of Spain  • Luis, Count of Chinchón  • Maria Teresa, Countess of Chinchón  • María Luisa, Duchess of San Fernando de Quiroga  Louis I Spouse(s) HSH Louise Élisabeth d'Orléans  Ferdinand VI Spouse(s) HH Infanta Maria Bárbara of Portugal  Charles III Spouse(s) HH Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony Children María Isabel Antonia  • María Josefa Antonieta  • María Isabel Ana  • María Josefa Carmela  • Maria Luisa, Holy Roman Empress  • Felipe, Duke of Calabria  • Charles IV  • María Teresa  • Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies*  • Gabriel  • Ana María  • Antonio Pascual  • Francisco Javier Grandchildren Carlos Clemente  • Carlota Joaquina, Queen of Portugal  • Maria Luisa  • Maria Amalia  • Carlos Domingo  • Maria Luisa, Duchess of Lucca  • Carlos Francisco  • Felipe Francisco  • Ferdinand VII  • Carlos, Count of Molina  • Maria Isabella, Queen of the Two Sicilies  • Maria Teresa  • Felipe Maria  • Francisco de Paula  • Maria Theresa, Holy Roman Empress*  • Luisa, Grand Duchess of Tuscany*  • Carlo, Duke of Calabria*  • Maria Ana*  • Francis I of the Two Sicilies*  • Maria Christina, Queen of Sardinia*  • Maria Cristina Amelia*  • Gennaro*  • Giuseppe*  • Maria Amalia, Queen of the French*  • Maria Cristina*  • Maria Antonia, Princess of Asturias*  • Maria Clothilde*  • Maria Enrichetta*  • Carlo*  • Leopold, Prince of Salerno*  • Alberto*  • Maria Isabella* Great grandchildren Carlos, Count of Montemolin  • Juan, Count of Montizón  • Fernando  • Isabella II of Spain  • Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier  • Francisco de Asis  • Isabel  • Francis, Duke of Cádiz  • Henry, Duke of Seville  • Luisa, Duchess of Moscoso  • Duarte Felipe  • Josefina  • Teresa  • Fernando  • Maria Cristina, Infanta of Portugal  • Amelia Philippina, Princess Adalbert of Bavaria  •  Charles IV Spouse(s) HRH Princess Maria Luisa of Parma Children Carlos Clemente  • Carlota Joaquina, Queen of Portugal  • Maria Luisa  • Maria Amalia  • Carlos Domingo  • Maria Luisa, Duchess of Lucca  • Carlos Francisco  • Felipe Francisco  • Ferdinand VII  • Carlos, Count of Molina  • Maria Isabella, Queen of the Two Sicilies  • Maria Teresa  • Felipe Maria  • Francisco de Paula Grandchildren Carlos, Count of Montemolin  • Juan, Count of Montizón  • Fernando  • Isabella II of Spain  • Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier  • Francisco de Asis  • Isabel  • Francis, Duke of Cádiz  • Henry, Duke of Seville  • Luisa, Duchess of Moscoso  • Duarte Felipe  • Josefina  • Teresa  • Fernando  • Maria Cristina, Infanta of Portugal  • Amelia Philippina, Princess Adalbert of Bavaria  Ferdinand VII Spouse(s) HRH Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily*  • HRH Infanta Maria Isabel of Portugal  • HH Princess Maria Josepha of Saxony  • HRH Princess Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies* Children Isabella II of Spain  • Maria Luisa Fernanda, Duchess of Montpensier  •  Isabella II Spouse(s) HRH Infante Francis, Duke of Cadiz Children Ferdinand, Prince of Asturias  • Isabella, Princess of Asturias  • Maria Cristina  • Alfonso XII of Spain  • Maria de la Concepcion  • Maria de Pilar  • María de la Paz, Princess Ludwig of Bavaria  • Francisco de Asis  • Eulalia, Duchess of Galliera  Alfonso XII Spouse(s) HRH Princess Mercedes d'Orléans  • HRH Archduchess Maria Christina of Austria Children Mercedes, Princess of Asturias  • Maria Teresa, Princess and Duchess of Bavaria  • Alfonso XIII of Spain Grandchildren Alfonso, Duke of Calabria*  • Fernando, Prince of Bourbon-Two Sicilies  • Isabella Alfonsa, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies  • Alfonso, Prince of Asturias  • Jaime, Duke of Segovia  • Beatriz, Princess of Civitella-Cesi  • Ferdinand  • Maria Cristina, Countess of Marone  • Juan, Count of Barcelona  • Gonzalo Great grandchildren Teresa, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies  • Carlos, Duke of Calabria*  • Inés Maria, Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies  • Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz  • Gonzalo, Duke of Aquitaine  • Pilar, Duchess of Badajoz  • Juan Carlos I of Spain  • Margarita, 2nd Duchess of Hernani  • Alfonso  Alfonso XIII Spouse(s) HSH Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg Children Alfonso, Prince of Asturias  • Jaime, Duke of Segovia  • Beatriz, Princess of Civitella-Cesi  • Ferdinand  • Maria Cristina, Countess of Marone  • Juan, Count of Barcelona  • Gonzalo Grandchildren Alfonso, Duke of Anjou and Cádiz  • Gonzalo, Duke of Aquitaine  • Pilar, Duchess of Badajoz  • Juan Carlos I of Spain  • Margarita, 2nd Duchess of Hernani  • Alfonso  Juan Carlos I Spouse(s) HRH Princess Sophia of Greece and Denmark Children Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo  • Infanta Cristina, Duchess of Palma de Mallorca  • Felipe, Prince of Asturias Grandchildren Infanta Leonor of Spain  • Infanta Sofía of Spain *also a Prince or Princess of the Two Sicilies **also an Archduchess of Austria ***both v · d · eBavarian princesses by marriage 1st generation Princess Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen 2nd generation Princess Marie of Prussia  · Duchess Amalia of Oldenburg  · Archduchess Auguste Ferdinande of Austria  · Infanta Amelia Philippina of Spain 3rd generation Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este  · Archduchess Gisela of Austria  · Princess Theresa of Liechtenstein  · Infanta María de la Paz of Spain  · Princess Louise d'Orléans 4th generation Duchess Marie Gabrielle in Bavaria  · Princess Antonia of Luxembourg  · Princess Isabella Antonie of Croÿ  · Archduchess Isabella of Austria  · Princess Bona Margherita of Savoy  · Infanta Maria Teresa of Spain  · Countess Auguste of Seefried-Buttenheim 5th generation Countess Maria Draskovich of Trakostjan  · Countess Marie-Jenke Keglevich of Buzin  · Princess Irmingard of Bavaria*  · Archduchess Theresa of Austria  · Countess Helene of Khevenhüller-Metsch  · Princess Maria Adelgunde of Hohenzollern 6th generation Countess Elisabeth Douglas  · Katrin Beatrix Wiegand**  · Countess Beatrice of Lodron-Laterano and Castelromano  · Countess Gudilia of Plettenberg  · Ursula Möhlenkamp**  · Marion Malkowsky**  · Sandra Burghardt** 7th generation Princess Anna of Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg *also a Princess of Bavaria by birth *did not have a royal or noble title by birth Persondata Name Maria De La Paz Of Spain, Infanta Alternative names Short description Date of birth June 23, 1862 Place of birth Madrid, Spain Date of death December 4, 1946 Place of death Münich