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Hamburg Parliament Hamburgische Bürgerschaft Type Type Unicameralism Leadership President of the Hamburg Parliament Carola Veit, SPD since March 23, 2011 Members 121 Meeting place Hamburg Rathaus Website Hamburg This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Hamburg Constitution Constitution of Germany Constitution of Hamburg Legislature Hamburg Parliament President of the parliament Carola Veit Judiciary Constitutional Court Hamburgisches Verfassungsgericht Administrative courts Hamburgisches Oberverwaltungsgericht Verwaltungsgericht Hamburg Courts of Justice Hanseatisches Oberlandesgericht Landgericht Hamburg 8 Amtsgerichte Finance Court Finanzgericht Hamburg Labor courts Landesarbeitsgericht Hamburg Arbeitsgericht Hamburg Social court Landessozialgericht Hamburg Sozialgericht Hamburg Executive First Mayor Olaf Scholz Senate / Cabinet Divisions Boroughs and quarters Elections Elections Political parties in Germany Relations Politics of Germany States of Germany Bundesrat of Germany Federal council European Union politics List of diplomatic missions in Hamburg Other countries · Atlas Politics portal view · talk · edit The Hamburg Parliament (German: Hamburgische Bürgerschaft) is the unicameral legislature of the German state of Hamburg according to the constitution of Hamburg. As of 2011 there were 121 members in the parliament, representing a relatively equal amount of constituencies. The parliament is situated in the city hall Hamburg Rathaus and part of the Government of Hamburg. The parliament is among other things responsible for the law, the election of the Erster Bürgermeister (First Mayor) for the election period and the control of the Senate (cabinet). The 121 members are elected in universal, direct, free, equal and secret elections every four years.[1][2] Contents 1 History 1.1 Origins 1.2 Elections of 1859 1.3 Hamburg parliament in the Federal Republic 2 Organisation 2.1 President and board 2.2 Council of Elders 2.3 Parliamentary groups 2.4 Committees 3 Candidates qualifications 4 Current composition 5 References 6 External links History Origins The first known document of the Erbgesessene Bürgerschaft, Der Erste Rezess of 1410. Bürgerschaft as a term in in use since the middle ages to refer to the male inhabitants of Hamburg with citizenship. A committee of the landowning class within the city, called Erbgesessene Bürgerschaft, was formed out of this group in the 15. century to govern the state. The first crelevant document of this committee, which was traditionally dominated by the local merchants, dates back to 1410 and named Der Erste Rezess (roughly: The first comparison). The system of hereditary seats was prone to corruption and it came to several major struggels in the following decades. The Lange Rezess (roughly: The long comparision) of 1529 reformed the admnistrative system of the city and made the ruling council accountable to several committees of the Erbgesenne Bürgerschaft. These bodies emerged out of the ecclesiastical structures of the now lutheran city but could not settle all aspects of the sensitive balance of power. Thus, a commission, sent by the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire, had to secure the peace by force in 1708 and the city was once more negotiating and reforming her own administrative structures in the following years. The Vormärz led to even more criticism of the established structures and Hamburg participated in the elections of the Frankfurt Parliament in 1848. This resulted in even more debates and the Erbgesenne Bürgerschaft passed a new electorial law to meet the citicism in september 1848 but the restoration, supported and enforced by Prussian troops during the First Schleswig War, turned the table. Elections of 1859 A new attempt to reform the constitution was launched after long discussions in 1859 and the Erbgesenne Bürgerschaft met for the last time in november of this year to establish a new order as well as to disband itself in favour of the Bürgerschaft. Since 1859 Bürgerschaft refers to this elected parliamentary body. Hamburg parliament in the Federal Republic The elections of 1949 led to the second elected parliament of Hamburg after the Second World War and the Social Democratic Party of Germany maintanied her traditional dominant role, already re-established under the British-controlled elections of 1946. The party continued to govern the city, except 1953-57, until the first von Beust-Senate, formed in 2001. Since March 23, 2011 the Hamburg Parliament has been in its 20th legislative period in the Federal Republic of Germany. A SPD-Gevernment succeded a coalition of CDU and the Greens. This section requires expansion. Organisation This section requires expansion. President and board The president of the parliament presides over the parliament and its sessions. The president is supported by a 'First Vice-president' and 3 vice presidents, all are elected by the representatives. President, vice presidents, and 3 recording clerks are the board (German: Präsidium). As of 2011 President of the Hamburg Parliament was Carola Veit. List of Presidents of the Hamburg Parliament since 1859[3] Term Name 1859–1861 Dr. Johannes Versmann 1861–1863 Dr. Isaac Wolffson 1863–1865 Dr. Hermann Baumeister 1865–1868 Dr. Georg Kunhardt 1868–1868 Dr. Hermann Baumeister 1869–1869 Johann A. T. Hoffmann 1869–1877 Dr. Hermann Baumeister 1877–1885 Dr. Gerhard Hachmann 1885–1892 Dr. Otto Mönckeberg 1892–1902 Siegmund Hinrichsen 1902–1913 Julius Engel 1913–1919 Dr. Alexander Schön 1919–1920 Berthold Grosse 1920–1928 Rudolf Ross 1928–1931 Max Hugo Leuteritz 1931–1933 Dr. Herbert Ruscheweyh 1946 Dr. Herbert Ruscheweyh 1946–1960 Adolph Schönfelder 1960–1978 Herbert Dau 1978–1982 Peter Schulz 1982–1983 Dr. Martin Willich 1983–1986 Peter Schulz 1986–1987 Dr. Martin Willich 1987–1987 Elisabeth Kiausch 1987–1991 Helga Elstner 1991–1993 Elisabeth Kiausch 1993–2000 Ute Pape 2000–2004 Dr. Dorothee Stapelfeldt 2004–2010 Berndt Röder 2010–2011 Lutz Mohaupt 2011– Carola Veit Council of Elders The Council of Elders (German: Ältestenrat) consists of the president, the vice presidents and several members, appointed by the parliamentary groups. The council support the president and the board regarding decisions of the agenda, personnel matters, and financial affairs. Parliamentary groups Parliamentary groups (German: Fraktionen) are pooled by minimum 6 members of the parliament. Most these groups are by one party. Committees The daily work of the parliament is done in committees. Candidates qualifications This section requires expansion. The qualification is regulated by law. As of 2008, electable for the parliament in is every German after his/her 18th birthday. He/she is restricted, if he/she is not allowed to vote by a verdict, is patient of a psychiatric ward under law, or has a representative under law.[4] Current composition Seats of the Hamburg Parliament in the 20th legislative period. State elections, with a new electoral law, were held in Hamburg on 20 February 2011. The election campaign debates were dominated by economic and educational questions as well as the evaluation of the failed CDU-Green Senate under Christoph Ahlhaus, the successor of Ole von Beust. The five parties having more than 5 percent (minimum to qualify) were the social-democratic SPD, the conservative CDU, the ecologist Green Alternative List (GAL; which is the Hamburg section of Alliance '90/The Greens), the centre-right Free Democratic Party and the left-wing Die Linke, which entered the parliament for the first time in 2008.[5] The SPD, under Olaf Scholz, won an absolute majority of the 121 seats in the Hamburgische Bürgerschaft and formed a government in Hamburg without coalition partners. See also: Hamburg state election, 2011 References ^ What is Hamburg Parliament?, Hamburgische Bürgerschaft,, retrieved 2008-08-14  ^ Who works in Parliament?, Hamburgische Bürgerschaft,, retrieved 2008-08-14  ^ Hamburgische Bürgerschaft - Präsidenten der Bürgerschaft seit 1859,, retrieved 2008-09-20  (German) ^ "Gesetz über die Wahl zur hamburgischen Bürgerschaft (BüWG) in der Fassung vom 22. Juli 1986" (in German). Retrieved 2009-09-12.  ^ DW staff (ncy) (2008-02-23), Hamburg Elections Likely to Strengthen Germany's Far Left, Deutsche Welle,,2144,3141543,00.html, retrieved 2008-09-21  External links Hamburg portal Official website of the Parliament of Hamburg Parliament of Hamburg on (German) v · d · eFree and Hanseatic city of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg) Government & symbols Government · Coat of arms · Constitution · Elections · Flag · Police · Subdivisions Culture & economy Culture · Dialect · Demographics · Economy · Education · Geography · History · Sport · Transport Lists Castles · Churches · Culture & museums · Honorary citizens · Diplomatic missions · Mayors See also: Hamburg Metropolitan Region v · d · eLandtage of the states of Germany Baden-Württemberg • Bavaria • Berlin • Brandenburg • Bremen • Hamburg • Hesse • Mecklenburg-Vorpommern • Lower Saxony • North Rhine-Westphalia • Rhineland-Palatinate • Saarland • Saxony • Saxony-Anhalt • Schleswig-Holstein • Thuringia Portal:Politics - Politics of Germany This Germany-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.v · d · e This government-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.v · d · e