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Not to be confused with Koninginnedag, the analogous holiday in the Netherlands. "The Queen" in this article means the then current monarch of the United Kingdom and Commonwealth Realms. The word Queen in the name of the celebration is replaced by King when appropriate. In Jersey the Lieutenant-Governor hosts a reception for the public at Government House to mark the Queen's Official Birthday, at which he announces the names of recipients of Birthday Honours The Queen's Official Birthday, also known as "the Queen's Birthday" is the day on which the birthday of the monarch of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth Realms is officially celebrated rather than the actual day of the current monarch's birthday. The exact date of the celebration varies from country to country, and only marks the real birthday of the sovereign by coincidence (the current monarch, Elizabeth II, was born on 21 April 1926). Most Commonwealth Realms release a Birthday Honours List at this time. It has been celebrated in the United Kingdom with the Queen's Birthday Parade (which includes Trooping the colour ceremonies) since 1748. In the UK there is no public holiday for it and King Edward VII (1901–10)[verification needed] moved it to the 1st, 2nd, or (rarely) 3rd Saturday in June in the hope of better weather. It might be said that the Monarch's official birthday is only this date as the Monarch declared it, and others have kept it, whereas the celebration of the Queen's birthday elsewhere is the name of a public holiday, sometimes renamed.[clarification needed] It has been celebrated as an official public holiday, sharing sometimes with the celebration of other things, in several Commonwealth countries, usually Commonwealth realms, although it is also celebrated in Fiji, now a republic. Contents 1 Australia 2 Canada 3 New Zealand 4 United Kingdom 5 Other countries and territories 6 See also 7 References 8 External links // Australia Australia, except for Western Australia, observes the Queen's Birthday on the second Monday in June, marking it with a public holiday that also serves as the opening weekend to Australia's snow season, though it is quite common for there to be no ski-worthy snow until later in the month. Because Western Australia celebrates its Foundation Day on the first Monday in June, the Governor of Western Australia proclaims the day on which the state will observe the Queen's Birthday, based on school terms and the Perth Royal Show.[1] There is no firm rule to determine this date before it is proclaimed, though it is usually the last Monday of September or the first Monday of October. The day has been celebrated since 1788, when Governor Arthur Phillip declared a holiday to mark the birthday of the King of Great Britain. Until 1936 it was held on the actual birthday of the Monarch, but after the death of George V it was decided to keep the date on the second Monday in June. The only civic occasion of note associated with the day is the release of the "Queen's Birthday honours list," in which new members of the Order of Australia and other Australian honours are named. This occurs on the date observed in the Eastern States, not the date observed in Western Australia. The Australian Football League clubs Collingwood Magpies and Melbourne Demons have traditionally played a match at the Melbourne Cricket Ground each year since 2001, and sporadically before that. The Queen's Birthday weekend and Empire Day, 24 May, were long the traditional times for public fireworks displays in Australia. Although they still occur, the tradition has recently been overshadowed by larger New Year's Eve fireworks, as the sale of fireworks to the public was progressively banned by the states in the 1980s, and by the Australian Capital Territory on 24 August 2009. The Northern Territory is the only state or territory to still sell fireworks to the public.[2] Canada According to the present (1952) legislation governing Victoria Day, originally the birthday of Queen Victoria (born 24 May 1819) and now a holiday in her memory, Canada celebrates the day on the Monday on or before 24 May. However, it is not widely known that the official birthday of the reigning Queen, Elizabeth II (born 21 April 1926), is also, not by legislation but by proclamation (permanent in 1957), celebrated on the same Monday on or before 24 May. The two holidays are in law entirely distinct except for being appointed to be observed on the same day. The Queen's official birthday is marked by the firing of an artillery salute in the national and provincial capitals of Canada and the flying of the Union Flag on buildings of the national government if there is a second pole already available. For Canadians in the warmest regions, Victoria Day is sometimes considered the beginning of summer, when theme parks and outdoor pools are opened, and other summer activities begin. New Zealand In New Zealand, the holiday is the first Monday in June, and usually serves as the opening weekend to the country's ski season. There are few actual celebrations of the Queen's birthday on the day, apart from the Queen's Birthday Honours list.[3] There have been proposals to replace the holiday with Matariki (Māori New Year) as an official holiday. In 2001, The Māori Language Commission "began to reclaim Matariki, or Aotearoa Pacific New Year, as an important focus for Māori language regeneration.[4] In June 2009 Māori Party MP Rahui Katene was unsuccessful in having her member's bill 'Te Ra o Matariki Bill/Matariki Day Bill' drawn from the ballot. The draft legislation would have fixed the date of a public holiday using the New Moon in June.[5] Mayor of Waitakere City Bob Harvey supported the call to make Matariki a public holiday to replace Queen's Birthday,[6] along with the Republican Movement, which found none of New Zealand's local authorities held celebrations for Queen's Birthday, but many held celebrations for Matariki.[7] The idea of renaming the Queen's birthday weekend to Hillary weekend, after Sir Edmund Hillary, the first person to ascend Mount Everest, was raised in 2009.[8] United Kingdom In the United Kingdom, the Queen's Official Birthday is now celebrated on the first, second, or third[9] Saturday in June, although it is rarely the third. It is marked in London by the ceremony of Trooping the Colour, which is also known as the Queen's Birthday Parade. The Queen's Official Birthday does not coincide with when she was born. Edward VII, who reigned from 1901 to 1910, and whose birthday was on 9 November, in autumn, moved the ceremony to summer in the hope of good weather. The Queen celebrates her actual birthday on 21 April. The list of Birthday Honours is also announced at the time of the UK Official Birthday celebrations. In British diplomatic missions the day is treated as the National Day of the United Kingdom. Although it is not celebrated as a specific public holiday in the UK (as it is not a working day), civil servants are given a "privilege day" at this time of year, which is often merged with the Spring Bank Holiday (last Monday in May) to create a long weekend, which was partly created to celebrate the monarch's birthday. Other countries and territories The Queen's official birthday is a public holiday in Gibraltar and most other British overseas territories, but in 2008, the Government of Bermuda decided that it would cease to be a public holiday in 2009, despite protests from people in the island, who signed a petition calling for its retention.[10] In the Falkland Islands, the actual day of the Queen's birth, 21 April, is celebrated, as June is a late autumn and winter month in the Islands. It ceased to be a public holiday in Hong Kong after the territory's handover to the People's Republic of China in 1997. Fiji also still celebrates the Queen's Official Birthday, along with the Prince of Wales's Birthday, since although the Queen ceased to be head of state in 1987, she remains recognised by the Great Council of Chiefs as traditional Queen or paramount chief of Fiji. In addition to Fiji, other countries of the South Pacific that celebrate the Queen’s Birthday include Samoa, the Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea. See also Trooping the Colour Grand Duke's Official Birthday, a similar celebration in Luxembourg Koninginnedag, a similar celebration in the Netherlands References ^ Department of Consumer and Employment Protection, Labour Relations division ^ "Cracker down: ACT bans fireworks". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 24 August 2009. Retrieved 24 August 2009.  ^ Brian Rudman. "Clear signal from Her at the Palace". New Zealand Herald.  ^ Te Taura Whiri i Te Reo, Matariki, Te Whetū o Te Tau: Aotearoa Pacific New Year, 2001. ^ Tim Selwyn, Tumeke! blog 18 June 2009 Online: ^ "Mayor Joins Call For Matariki Public Holiday". 22 June 2009.  ^ "No Celebrations For Queen's Birthday". 29 May 2009.  ^ tvnz (Sunday, 31 May 2009). "Call to rename Queen's birthday to Hillary weekend?".  ^ "One Queen, Two Birthdays"., the Official Website of the British Monarchy. "The Queen celebrates her actual birthday on 21 April. She also celebrates her official birthday on either the first or the second, and sometimes the third, Saturday in June."  ^ Bermuda ditches Queen's Birthday public holiday External links BBC News article of 2001 about the date of the Queen's Official Birthday in the UK   Links to related articles v • d • e Queen Elizabeth II Monarchies Queen of Antigua and Barbuda · Queen of Australia · Queen of the Bahamas · Queen of Barbados · Queen of Belize · Queen of Canada · Queen of Grenada · Queen of Jamaica · Queen of New Zealand · Queen of Papua New Guinea · Queen of Saint Kitts and Nevis · Queen of Saint Lucia · Queen of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines · Queen of the Solomon Islands · Queen of Tuvalu · Queen of the United Kingdom · Prime Ministers Titles and honours List of titles and honours · Head of the Commonwealth Overseas visits State visits · Commonwealth visits Public celebrations Coronation · Silver Jubilee · Golden Jubilee · Diamond Jubilee · Queen's Official Birthday · Victoria Day v • d • e  Australia Public Holidays New Year's Day · Australia Day · Good Friday · Easter Saturday · Easter Monday · Anzac Day · Queen's Birthday · Labour Day · Christmas Day · Boxing Day v • d • e  New Zealand Public Holidays New Year's Day · Waitangi Day · Good Friday · Easter Sunday · Easter Monday · Anzac Day · Queen's Birthday · Labour Day · Christmas Day · Boxing Day