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The Holocaust Part of: Jewish history Responsibility Nazi Germany People Major Perpetrators Adolf Hitler Heinrich Himmler Reinhard Heydrich Adolf Eichmann Odilo Globocnik Theodor Eicke Richard Glücks Ernst Kaltenbrunner Rudolf Höss Christian Wirth Organizations Nazi Party Schutzstaffel (SS) Gestapo Sturmabteilung (SA) Collaborators during World War II Nazi ideologues Early policies Racial policy Nazi eugenics Nuremberg Laws Haavara Agreement Madagascar Plan Forced euthanasia The victims Jews in Europe Jews in Germany Romani people (Gypsies) Poles Soviet POWs Slavs in Eastern Europe Homosexuals People with disabilities Serbs Freemasons Jehovah's Witnesses The ghettos Białystok · Budapest Kovno · Kraków Łódź · Lublin Lwów · Minsk Riga · Vilna Warsaw List of ghettos Atrocities Pogroms Kristallnacht · Bucharest Dorohoi · Iaşi · Jedwabne Kaunas · Lviv (Lvov) Tykocin · Vel' d'Hiv · Wąsosz Einsatzgruppen Babi Yar · Bydgoszcz Kamianets-Podilskyi Ninth Fort · Odessa Piaśnica · Ponary Rumbula · Erntefest "Final Solution" Wannsee Conference Operation Reinhard Holocaust trains Extermination camps End of World War II Wola massacre Death marches The camps Nazi extermination camps Auschwitz-Birkenau Bełżec Chełmno · Jasenovac Majdanek Maly Trostenets Sobibor · Treblinka Nazi concentration camps Bergen-Belsen · Bogdanovka Buchenwald Dachau · Gross-Rosen Herzogenbusch Janowska · Kaiserwald Mauthausen-Gusen Neuengamme · Ravensbrück Sachsenhausen · Sajmište Salaspils · Stutthof Theresienstadt Uckermark · Warsaw Divisions SS-Totenkopfverbände Concentration Camps Inspectorate Politische Abteilung Sanitätswesen Extermination methods Inmate identification Gas van Gas chamber Extermination through labor Human medical experimentation {{{1}}} Resistance Jewish partisans · Bricha Ghetto uprisings Warsaw Białystok Łachwa Częstochowa Aftermath Nuremberg Trials Denazification Bricha Surviving Remnant Displaced persons Reparations Agreement between Israel and West Germany Lists Holocaust survivors Survivors of Sobibor Timeline of Treblinka Victims of Nazism Rescuers of Jews Resources The Destruction of the European Jews Functionalism versus intentionalism Remembrance Days of remembrance Memorials and museums v · d · e Breitenau was a Nazi education and labor camp established in June 1933 in Germany. It was located in Guxhagen, ca. 15 km south of Kassel and was built around the Breitenau monastery. Contents 1 Breitenau as an education and welfare camp 2 Breitenau as a concentration camp 3 External links 4 See also Breitenau as an education and welfare camp Breitenau was first established as a correctional facility. This was the original reason why Breitenau was first opened in 1933. It became a "labour house", where prisoners literally learned how to work. But the jobs that they had at Breitenau were often brutal and back-breaking. From 1932 to 1933 the prisoner population was 24 people. Between 1933 to 1934, the population increased to 125 people. Part of the 125 prisoners had been arrested during a one-week raid on homeless people known as "Beggars Week". By the end of 1933, 11,000 people were arrested and placed in concentration camps. Only a few of them were brought to Breitenau. After the Law for the Prevention of Hereditarily Diseased Offspring was made, Breitenau officials began to test prisoners for hereditary diseases. Many of the prisoners who were found to have hereditary diseases were often transported to euthanasia killing centers or kept at Breitenau under penalty of being forcibly sterilized. Breitenau as a concentration camp In 1933, an early concentration camp for political prisoners was added to the Breitenau correctional facility. The Nazis later decided to close down the Breitenau facility in 1934. In 1940, Breitenau was reopened, but this time as a concentration camp, with an estimated population of 8,500 prisoners, including some of those who were originally placed in the camp during the early 1930's. The camp was liberated in 1945. External links United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Website See also The Holocaust List of Nazi-German concentration camps Coordinates: 51°12′11″N 9°28′32″E / 51.20306°N 9.47556°E / 51.20306; 9.47556