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Cuthbert Brodick Personal information Nationality British Born 1821 Kingston upon Hull Died 1905 Jersey, Channel Islands Work Buildings Leeds Town Hall, Grand Hotel, Scarborough Cuthbert Brodrick FRIBA (1 December 1821 – 2 March 1905) was a British architect, whose most famous building is Leeds Town Hall. Leeds Town Hall Leeds Corn Exchange Leeds City Mechanics Institute, now Leeds City Museum Contents 1 Early life 2 Education and training 3 Leeds 3.1 Buildings in Leeds designed by Brodrick 4 Other works 5 Personal life 6 Legacy 7 References // Early life Brodrick was born in the Yorkshire port of Hull where his father was a well-to-do merchant and shipowner. Cuthbert was the sixth son of the ten children of John and Hannah Brodrick. The family lived at 39, George Street, in the best residential area of Hull. Education and training Brodrick attended Kingston College in Hull and, on leaving school, he became an articled pupil (a student of architecture) in the offices of Henry Francis Lockwood whose premises were at 8, Dock Street. Brodrick stayed with Lockwoods from 1837 until he embarked on the Grand Tour of Europe in May 1844, to continue his studies. He travelled through France and Italy, as far as Rome. Whilst on this journey he studied the architecture of Second Empire in Paris. This style greatly influenced his later designs.[1] When Brodrick returned to Hull in 1846, he was offered a partnership in Lockwood’s firm. He refused this, and set up in practice on his own at 1, Savile Street in Hull. He designed a number of local buildings in Hull including the Hull Royal Institution building and the Hull Town Hall. Leeds In 1852, at the age of only 29, Brodrick entered and won the competition, judged by Charles Barry, for the design of Leeds Town Hall. This, his most famous building, was opened in September 1858 by Queen Victoria. Subsequently, Brodrick moved to an office at 30, Park Row, Leeds and acquired the nickname 'Town Hall, Leeds.' The iconic clock tower, which serves for many as a symbol of Leeds, was not part of Brodrick's initial design but he added it later when the civic leaders of Leeds sought to make an even grander architectural statement. His other important buildings in Leeds were the Leeds Corn Exchange (1860-3) and the Mechanics' Institute (1860-5). The latter building later became the Civic Theatre and in September 2008 became the new home of the Leeds City Museum. He permanently altered the way central Leeds looked with just three buildings. Buildings in Leeds designed by Brodrick The Town Hall, 1858 The Corn Exchange, 1860 The Mechanics Institute, 1860 (later Civic Theatre and now Leeds City Museum) The Oriental Baths in Cookridge Street, 1866 (demolished) King Street Warehouses, 1862 (demolished) Headingley Hill Congregational church, 1864 (now known as the Ashwood Centre and used by City Church Leeds)[2] And on a smaller scale Moorland Terrace, 1859 (demolished) 7 Alma Road, 1859 49-51 Cookridge Street, 1864 Other works Scarborough Grand Hotel Brodrick also designed the Grand Hotel, Scarborough.[3] [4] He submitted unsuccessful architectural designs for the competitions for the building of Preston Town Hall, and the Exchange in Manchester. Personal life In 1870, Brodrick went to live in France, and in 1876 bought a house at Le Vésinet, St. Germain-en-Laye. He retired in 1875, and spent his time painting, exhibiting his work and gardening. In about 1898 he went to live with his niece in Jersey, where he rented a house, La Colline, at Gorey. Whilst living there he designed, and planted a garden.[5] He died there on 2 March 1905, and is buried in St. Martin's Churchyard. [6] Legacy A Wetherspoons pub called the 'Cuthbert Brodrick' opened on Millennium Square in Leeds on 22 October 2007, situated between two of the buildings he designed; the town hall and Leeds City Museum.[7]His nephew was F. S. Brodrick, also an architect, who worked with R. G. Smith. References ^ "BBC - Leeds - How We Built Britain - Cuthbert Broderick". Retrieved 2009-08-24.  ^ "The Building – the bricks & mortar". City Church Leeds. Retrieved 2010-10-04.  ^ "BBC - Legacies - Architectural Heritage - England - Leeds - A bolt out of the blue - Article Page 1". Retrieved 2009-08-24.  ^ "Grand Hotels: Reality and Illusion - Google Books". Retrieved 2009-08-24.  ^ " - 1901 Channel Islands Census". Retrieved 2009-08-25.  ^ "Directory of British Architects 1834 ... - Google Books". Retrieved 2009-08-24.  ^ "The Cuthbert Brodrick, Leeds - Leeds City Guide - The Essential Guide to Bars, Pubs, Clubs, Hotels and Restaurants in Leeds.". Retrieved 2009-08-25.