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Coordinates: 53°24′34″N 2°58′44″W / 53.40958°N 2.97885°W / 53.40958; -2.97885 Wellington's Column Wellington's Column Location: Liverpool, Merseyside, England OS grid reference: SJ 351 908 Built: 1861–65 Architect: Andrew Lawson George Anderson Lawson Listed Building – Grade II* Designated: 28 June 1952 Reference #: 1063784 Location in Merseyside For other monuments to Wellington, see Wellington Monument (disambiguation). Wellington at the top of the column Relief of the battle of Waterloo Wellington's Column, or the Waterloo Memorial, is a monument to the Duke of Wellington standing on the corner of William Brown Street and Lime Street, Liverpool, England. It has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.[1] History After the Duke's death in 1852, in common with other cities, Liverpool decided to erect a monument to celebrate his achievements. A committee was established to organise public subscriptions, but the money was slow to come in.[2] A design competition was set up in 1856 to find a sculptor for the column, and this was won by Andrew Lawson of Edinburgh. There were further delays while a suitable site was found, and in 1861 a second competition, this time for the statue of the Duke, was won by George Anderson Lawson, brother of the sculptor.[3] The foundation stone was laid on 1 May 1861 by the Mayor of Liverpool. There were further delays during construction of the monument due to subsidence, and it was finally completed towards the end of 1865.[2] The delays resulted in its being "a very late example of a column-monument for Britain".[3] Description The foundations of the monument are in Runcorn sandstone, the pedestal is in granite, and the column itself is in Darley Dale stone. The overall height of the monument is 132 feet (40.2 m), the column being 81 feet (24.7 m) high and the statue 25 feet (7.6 m) high. It stands on a stepped base with a square pedestal. On each side of the pedestal is a bronze plaque; at the corners are bronze eagles joined by swags along the sides. Standing on the pedestal is a Roman Doric fluted column. Within the column are 169 steps leading up to a viewing platform. On top of the column is a cylinder surmounted by a cupola on which the bronze statue of the Duke stands.[2] The statue is made from the melted-down bronze from cannons captured at the Battle of Waterloo.[4] The Duke holds a scroll in his right hand, and his left hand rest on the hilt of his sword.[2] The brass plaque on the south of the pedestal is a relief depicting the final charge at the battle of Waterloo. On the east and west faces, the plaques bear the names of the Duke's victorious battles. The east panel lists the battles of Assaye, Talavera, Argaum, Busaco, Rolica, Fuentes de Onoro, Vimeiro, Cuidad Rodrigo, Oporto, and Badajoz; the west panel Salamanca, Bayonne, Vittoria,Orthez, San Sebastian, Toulouse, Nivelle, Quatre Bras, and Waterloo.[2] Also on and around the base of the monument are pre-metric standard Board of Trade measurements of length, the shorter ones being embossed on a bronze panel. Set into the pavement is a brass strip containing the measure of 100 feet (30.5 m), and a chain of 100 links.[4] The statue is unusual in that it does not face any major civic building or thoroughfare (as does Nelson's Column in London). The statue was positioned facing south-east so that Wellington would always be looking towards the site of Waterloo - considered his greatest victory.[citation needed] References ^ "Wellington Column", The National Heritage List for England (English Heritage), 2011, http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/resultsingle.aspx?uid=1063784, retrieved 6 August 2011  ^ a b c d e Cavanagh, Terry (1996), Public Sculpture of Liverpool, Public Sculpture of Britain, Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, pp. 25–28, ISBN 0-85323-701-8, http://books.google.com/books?id=05hJrW5yuakC&dq=&pg=PP1&ots=BLorp7nsqW&sig=2SL9WFF-_gzrfy9NlMAFuXkoaVw&prev=http://www.google.com/search%3Fhl%3Den%26q%3DPublic%2BSculpture%2Bof%2BLiverpool%26btnG%3DGoogle%2BSearch&sa=X&oi=print&ct=title#v=onepage&q=wellington&f=false, retrieved 6 August 2011  ^ a b Pollard, Richard; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2006), Lancashire: Liverpool and the South-West, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 300, ISBN 0-300-10910-5  ^ a b Pye, Ken (2011), Discover Liverpool, Liverpool: Trinity Mirror Media, p. 23, ISBN 978-1-906802-90-5  v · d · eArthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington Family Father: Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington · Mother: Anne Hill · Brothers: Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley · William Wellesley-Pole, 3rd Earl of Mornington · Henry Wellesley, 1st Baron Cowley · Sister: Lady Anne Smith · Wife: Catherine Wellesley, Duchess of Wellington · Children: Arthur · Charles Battles and wars Flanders Campaign · Battle of Boxtel · Fourth Anglo-Mysore War · Battle of Seringapatam · Second Anglo-Maratha War · Battle of Assaye · Peninsular War · Battle of Roliça · Battle of Vimeiro · Second Battle of Porto · Battle of Talavera · Battle of Sabugal · Third Siege of Badajoz · Battle of Salamanca · Battle of Vitoria · Hundred Days · Battle of Waterloo Homes and Honours Apsley House · Stratfield Saye House · Walmer Castle · Wellington's Column · Wellington Monument, Dublin · Wellington Statue, Aldershot v · d · eBuildings and structures in Liverpool, England Highrises/Skyscrapers West Tower · Radio City Tower · Beetham Tower · Royal Liver Building · Alexandra Tower · Unity Residential · New Hall Place · 1 Princes Dock · Post & Echo Building · Unity Commercial · Port of Liverpool Building · The Plaza · Mann Island Buildings · One Park West · Municipal Buildings · Thistle Atlantic Tower Notable lowrises Albert Dock · Alder Hey Children's Hospital · Bank of England · Bluecoat Chambers · Britannia Adelphi Hotel · Chinese Arch · County Sessions House · Crowne Plaza LJLA · Cunard Building · Empire Theatre · Everyman Theatre · Grand Central Hall · Great North Western Hotel · Hilton Liverpool · India Buildings · International Slavery Museum · Liverpool Central Library · Liverpool Magistrates' Court · Liverpool Playhouse · Liverpool Town Hall · Liverpool Women's Hospital · The Lyceum · Malmaison · Merseyside Maritime Museum · Museum of Liverpool · National Conservation Centre · Oriel Chambers · Philharmonic Hall · Prudential Assurance Building · Queen Elizabeth II Law Courts · Royal Court Theatre · Royal Insurance Building · Royal Liverpool University Hospital · Speke Hall · Stanley Dock Tobacco Warehouse · St. George's Hall · Tate Liverpool · Tower Buildings · Victoria Building · Walker Art Gallery · White Star Building · World Museum Liverpool Places of worship All Saints' Church · Al-Rahma Mosque · Church of All Hallows · Church of St Agnes and St Pancras · German Church · Greek Orthodox Church of St Nicholas · Gustav Adolfus Kyrka · Liverpool Cathedral · Liverpool Metropolitan Cathedral · Norwegian Fishermans' Church · Old Christ Church · The Oratory · Princes Road Synagogue · St George's Church · Saint John the Baptist's Church · St Luke's Church · St Luke's Church, Walton · St Michael's Church · Toxteth Unitarian Chapel · Unitarian Chapel · Welsh Presbyterian Church Transportation James Street station · Kingsway Tunnel · Liverpool Central station · Liverpool John Lennon Airport · Liverpool Lime Street station · Liverpool South Parkway station · Mersey Railway Tunnel · Moorfields station · Queensway Tunnel Shopping complexes Clayton Square Shopping Centre · Lewis's · Liverpool ONE · Metquarter · New Mersey Shopping Park · St. John's Shopping Centre Sports venues and arenas Anfield · Echo Arena · Goodison Park · Liverpool Cricket Club · O2 Academy Liverpool · Wavertree Athletics Centre Sculptures and monuments Nelson Monument · Superlambanana · Titanic Memorial · Wellington's Column Lists of buildings Listed buildings in Liverpool · List of tallest buildings and structures in Liverpool