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The Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor (PFBR) is a 500MWe fast breeder nuclear reactor presently being constructed in Kalpakkam, India.[1] The Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR) is responsible for the design of this reactor. As of 2007 the reactor was expected to begin functioning in 2010.[2] As of April 2011, it was expected to be commissioned in 2012.[3] India has a strong interest of proving the viability of this reactor type, since it can use the thorium fuel cycle and the world's second largest proven reserves of thorium are situated in India. The Kalpakkam PFBR is using uranium-238 not thorium, to breed new fissile material, in a sodium-cooled fast reactor design. The power island of this project is being engineered by Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited, largest power equipment utility of India. The surplus plutonium (or uranium-233 for thorium reactors) from each fast reactor can be used to set up more such reactors and grow the nuclear capacity in tune with India's needs for power. Contents 1 Technical details 2 Safety considerations 3 External links 4 References Technical details This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. Safety considerations The PFBR will cooled by liquid sodium, which explodes if it comes into contact with water and burns when in contact with air. In a reactor it absorbs neutrons to generate the radioactive isotope Na-24, which has a half-life of 15 hours.[4] External links Kalpakkam PFBR to be completed ahead of schedule; 4 more to come up by 2020, The Hindu, Sept 7, 2005 India's three stage nuclear power programme References ^ Great expectations, by Baldev Raj, S.C. Chetal and P. Chellapandi, Nuclear Engineering International, January 8, 2010. ^ ^ Prototype Fast Breeder Reactor ‘has independent safety mechanisms ^ Popular Science. Popular Science magazine, Apr 1978.  v · d · eNuclear power in India Uranium reserves Tummalapalle Uranium mine Operational plants Jaitapur · Kaiga · Kakrapar · Koodankulam · Madras (Kalpakkam) · Narora · Rajasthan (Kota) · Tarapur Research and testing Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) · CIRUS reactor · Dhruva reactor · Heavy Water Board · Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology  · Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR) · Institute for Plasma Research (IPR) · Pokhran · Pokhran-II · Smiling Buddha · Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC) Organizations Atomic Energy Commission of India · Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) · Board of Radiation and Isotope Technology (BRIT) · Department of Atomic Energy · Homi Bhabha National Institute · Nuclear Power Corporation of India Ltd. (NPCIL) Other topics Energy policy of India · India's three stage nuclear power programme · U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Cooperation Initiative Electricity sector · Solar power · Wind power v · d · eNuclear technology Science Chemistry · Engineering · Physics · Atomic nucleus · Fission · Fusion · Radiation (ionizing) Fuel Deuterium · Fertile material · Fissile · Isotope separation · Plutonium · Thorium · Tritium · Uranium (enriched • depleted) Neutron Activation · Capture · Cross-section · Fast · Fusion · Generator · Poison · Radiation · Reflector · Temp · Thermal Reactors Fission reactors by moderator Water Boiling (BWR · ABWR) · Heavy (CANDU · PHWR · SGHWR) · Natural (NFR) · Pressurized (PWR · VVER · EPR) · Supercritical (SCWR) Carbon Advanced gas-cooled (AGR) · Magnox · Pebble bed (PBMR) · RBMK · UHTREX · Very high temperature (VHTR) FLiBe Molten salt (MSR) None (Fast) Breeder (FBR) · Integral (IFR) · Liquid-metal-cooled (LMFR) · SSTAR · Traveling Wave (TWR) Generation IV by coolant: (Gas (GFR) · Lead (LFR) · Sodium (SFR)) Fusion reactors by confinement Magnetic Field-reversed configuration · Levitated dipole · Reversed field pinch · Spheromak · Stellarator · Tokamak Inertial Bubble fusion (acoustic) · Fusor (electrostatic) · Laser-driven · Magnetized target · Z-pinch Other Dense plasma focus · Migma · Muon-catalyzed · Polywell · Pyroelectric List of nuclear reactors Power Nuclear power plant · By country · Economics · Fusion · Isotope thermoelectric (RTG) · Propulsion (rocket) · Safety Medicine Imaging by radiation Gamma camera Scintigraphy · Positron emission (PET) · Single photon emission (SPECT) X-ray Projectional radiography · Computed tomography Therapy Boron neutron capture (BNCT) · Brachytherapy · Proton · Radiation · Tomotherapy Weapon Topics Arms race · Delivery · Design · Explosion (effects) · History · Proliferation · Testing (underground) · Warfare · Yield (TNTe) Lists Popular culture · States · Tests · Treaties · Weapon-free zones · Weapons Waste Products Actinide: (Reprocessed uranium · Reactor-grade plutonium · Minor actinide) · Activation · Fission (LLFP) Disposal Fuel cycle · HLW · LLW · Repository · Reprocessing · Spent fuel (pool • cask) · Transmutation Debate Anti-nuclear movement · Nuclear power debate · Nuclear weapons debate · Uranium mining debate · Nuclear power phase-out This article about nuclear power and nuclear reactors for power generation is a stub. 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