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This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (November 2007) 2nd Continental Light Dragoons 2nd Legionary Corps Active 1776-1783; reestablished 1978 by State of Connecticut Allegiance Continental Congress of the United States Type Dragoon Size regiment of six troops 120 men in 1780 Part of Continental Army Nickname Sheldon's Horse Colors blue coat with buff facings Engagements Battle of Brandywine, Battle of Germantown, Battle of Yorktown. Commanders Notable commanders Benjamin Tallmadge v · d · e Philadelphia campaign 1777–1778 Bound Brook – Short Hills – Staten Island – Cooch's Bridge – Brandywine – Clouds – Paoli – Germantown – Red Bank – Gloucester – White Marsh – Matson's Ford – Valley Forge – Conway Cabal – Quinton's Bridge – Crooked Billet – Barren Hill – Carlisle Peace Commission – Monmouth   Southern theater Participation, 1781 Yorktown v · d · e US Revolutionary War units Continental Army · List of Continental units Units by state Connecticut · Delaware · Georgia · Maryland · Massachusetts · New Hampshire · New Jersey · New York · North Carolina · Pennsylvania · Rhode Island · South Carolina · Vermont · Virginia Non-state units Extra and Additional regiments · Armand's Legion · Pulaski's Legion · Lee's Legion · Ottendorf's Corps · Commander-in-Chief's Guard · State militia · List of state units The 2nd Continental Light Dragoons, also known as Sheldon's Horse after Colonel Elisha Sheldon, was commissioned by the Continental Congress on December 12, 1776 and was first mustered at Wethersfield, Connecticut in March 1777 for service with the Continental Army. The regiment consisted of four troops from Connecticut, one troop each largely from Massachusetts and New Jersey, and two companies of light infantry. The regiment saw action at the Battle of Woodbridge, Battle of Brandywine, Battle of Kingston, Battle of Schoharie, The Battle of The Flocky (site of the first cavalry charge on American soil), Battle of Paoli, Battle of Whitemarsh, Battle of Morrisania, Battle of Saratoga, Battle of Germantown, and the Battle of Yorktown. The unit almost never served as a whole. Usually individual troops were assigned as necessary. The regiment also performed numerous raids from whaleboats against British and Loyalist installations on Long Island. Some of the successful raids captured Fort St. George, Ft. Slongo and Lloyd's Neck, Long Island. Elements from the unit comprised Washington's personal bodyguard. In 1778, when Loyalist agents and a crack British commando team shadowed Washington for weeks with the intention of kidnapping him, they had to abandon the operation because, according to the British Intelligence Dispatches, "The 2nd Dragoons are (always) with him." The 2nd Dragoons also guarded John Andre during his incarceration, trial and subsequent execution in Nyack, New York. The regiments main patrol areas during the war were in Southern Connecticut and New York, where they intercepted British supplies and fought off bands of Loyalist partisans who preyed on local citizens. This duty earned them the nickname "Watchdogs of the Highlands". They also earned the sobriquet "Washington's Eyes", likely because of their spy work. Commander Benjamin Tallmadge became a spy master who ran one of the most successful spy rings of the war, able to infiltrate the British military command in New York city. On January 1, 1781, the regiment was reorganized by the dismounting of two of its six troops and re-designated the 2nd Legionary Corps. The regiment was furloughed June 9, 1783 at Newburgh, New York and discharged on November 20, 1783 by proclamation of General Washington. The 2nd Light Dragoons are prominent in Colonel John Trumbull's paintings of the American Revolution. Notes The regimental national colors of the 2nd was taken by Banastre Tarleton in 1779; on June 14, 2006 it was sold at auction. Sgt Elijah Churchill awarded Badge of Military Merit The Last surviving member of the 2nd Dragoons Lemuel Cook died 1866. The 2nd Light Dragoons was reestablished in 1978 and is in ceremonial service to the Office of the Governor of Connecticut see [1] External links (Official web site of the Second Continental Light Dragoons) (Web site of The Second Regiment Light Dragoons, Tallmadge's Troop reenactment group) Bibliography of Continental Army Dragoons compiled by the United States Army Center of Military History This United States military history article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.v · d · e