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(January 2008) renfe Type Incorporation Industry Rail transport Headquarters Madrid, Spain Key people Teófilo Serrano Beltrán, Enrique Urkijo Goitia, Manuel Acero Valbuena, José Luis Marroquín Products Rail transport, Cargo Revenue € 2.5 billion (2007)[1] Operating income € 240 million (2008) billion (2008) [1] Owner(s) Kingdom of Spain (100%) Employees 14,338 (2007)[2] Subsidiaries Renfe Mercancías Website RENFE Operadora Locale Spain Dates of operation January 24, 1941 (1941-01-24)– Website A new Cercanías Civia unit near Puerto Real (Cádiz) AVE Class 100 train at Cordoba station Renfe Operadora is the state-owned company which operates freight and passenger trains on the 1668-mm "Iberian gauge" and 1435-mm "European gauge" networks of the Spanish national railway infrastructure company ADIF (Administrador de Infraestructuras Ferroviarias). Contents 1 History 2 Operations 3 Passenger rolling stock 3.1 D.G.S.P. Cercanías y Media Distancia 3.2 D.G.S.P. Larga Distancia 4 See also 5 References 6 External links History Further information: History of rail transport in Spain The name RENFE is derived from that of the former Spanish National Railway Network, RENFE (Red Nacional de los Ferrocarriles Españoles) created on 24 January 1941 with the nationalization of Spain's railways. As per EU Directive 91/440, RENFE was divided into Renfe Operadora (operations) and ADIF (infrastructure) on 1 January 2005. At the same time, the existing RENFE double-arrowed logo (nicknamed the "galleta", Spanish for biscuit), first introduced in 1971 and facelifted in 1983, with a sans-serif font and again in 2000, with a mixed case italic font, has been replaced by a dark purple lower-case wordmark designed by Interbrand, and also replaces some of the separate logos used by the other sectors, although the old RENFE logo remains in use in some stations in Spain and on maps to indicate a RENFE station. The Railway Sector Act of 2003 separated the management, maintenance and construction of rail infrastructure from train operation. The first activity is now the responsibility of a new public company, Administrador de Infrestructuras Ferroviarias (ADIF), while Renfe (full name: Renfe Operadora) owns the rolling-stock and remains responsible for the planning, marketing and operation of passenger and freight services (though no longer with a legal monopoly). Renfe Operadora inherited the management model of the business units of the old RENFE, which made Renfe Operadora responsible for the operation of the following passenger and freight services. In January 2006, Renfe Operadora restructured the main business units into four: Dirección General de Servicios Públicos de Cercanías y Media Distancia: responsible for commuter services (Cercanías), medium-distance high-speed rail AVE services and medium-range regional services (Regionales and Media Distancia). However, control of some Cercanías services are transferred to Spain's Autonomous communities. Dirección General de Servicios de Larga Distancia: responsible for long-distance intercity and high-speed rail services (except medium-distance AVE services and Media Distancia, which is managed by the above business unit). Dirección General de Servicios de Mercancías y Logística: responsible for freight services. Dirección General de Fabricación y Mantenimiento: responsible for rolling stock maintenance and manufacture (also known as Integria) The Spanish State railways are currently engaged in a major transformation and modernisation process to keep up with the liberalisation of railway transportation elsewhere in Europe. Key to this effort is a major overhaul of their dated ICT (information and communication technology) systems through an ICT renewal project scheduled for completion at the end of 2010 under the responsibility of Corporate Director of Information Systems Oscar Gomez Barbero. So far the company has introduced improvements to their internet ticket sales and adopted new ICT management practices within a "more industrial" organisational model, though Mr Gomez has publicly acknowledged the difficulties in transforming what still remains a very hierarchical organisation. Operations Map of the Spanish rail network as it was in 2005, with colour-coded track types. Renfe Operadora operates in broad and standard gauge lines. Renfe train ticket The company operates some 15,000 km of railways, 7,000 km of them electrified. Most of which are constructed to the broad "Iberian" gauge of 1668 mm, the same as that used in Portugal but wider than the gauge of 1435 mm which is standard in France and most of western and central Europe. The newer high-speed (AVE) network, however, has been built to the international standard gauge of 1435 mm in anticipation of its eventual connection to the rest of the European railway system. For this reason, the 1435-mm gauge is generally termed "European gauge" in Spain. The Spanish high-speed system is called AVE. (Alta Velocidad Española, Spanish High Speed). The logo incorporates a feature which resembles a bird (ave in Spanish). The high-speed lines are built to the standard European gauge (1435 mm). Construction of the high-speed rail line between Madrid and Seville began in 1988 and operation commenced in 1991. Train speed on the Seville line is 300 km/h. The second high-speed rail line, from Madrid to Barcelona, was completed in 2007 with the inaugural service commencing at 6 am February 20, 2008. The operational speed on this route is 350 km/h. The greater part of the line, from Madrid to Lleida, was put in service on October 11, 2003, with connection to Huesca from Zaragoza. The third high-speed line, Madrid - Toledo was opened in November 2005, followed by the spur from Córdoba to Málaga as far as Antequera in 2007. Another high-speed route from Madrid to Valladolid was opened in 2007, and other lines to Valencia and Lisbon are being designed. The route Madrid-Galicia is under construction between the major Galician cities. Other lines operated by Renfe include Alaris, a moderate-speed line between Madrid and Valencia. In addition to intercity transport, Renfe operates commuter train systems, known as Cercanías (or Rodalies in Catalonia and Cercanías-Aldirikoak in the Basque Country), in eleven metropolitan areas, including Madrid and Barcelona. The former was targeted in the March 11, 2004 Madrid train bombings. While the latter and some of the regional trains going to Barcelona have been without service since 20 October 2007. In some cities Renfe shares the market with other commuter railway operators, such as FGC in Barcelona. Passenger rolling stock Renfe Operadora counts on the following rolling stock and commercial products inside of its two divisions that contain services of travellers: D.G.S.P. Cercanías y Media Distancia Renfe 446 EMU in Bilbao. Cercanías: RENFE Class 440 EMU RENFE Class 440R EMU RENFE Class 442 EMU RENFE Class 446 EMU RENFE Class 447 EMU RENFE Class 450 EMU RENFE Class 451 EMU RENFE Civia (RENFE Class 462, 463, 464 and 465) EMU RENFE Class 592 DMU Media Distancia: RENFE Class 432 EMU RENFE Class 440 EMU RENFE Class 470 EMU RENFE Class 444 EMU RENFE Class 448 EMU RENFE Class 448R EMU RENFE Class 592 DMU RENFE Class 593 DMU RENFE Class 594 DMU RENFE Class 596 DMU RENFE Class 598 DMU RENFE Class 104 EMU RENFE Class 130 EMU RENFE Class 449 D.G.S.P. Larga Distancia Grandes Líneas services and Largo recorrido Service Rolling stock Route(s) Image Conventional RENFE traditional services, with conventional rolling stock Diurno Locomotive + Passenger cars Basque Country <> Galicia / Salamanca Estrella Locomotive + sleeper cars Atlántico Costa Brava Galicia Pío Baroja Picasso Sudexpress/Surex With the disappearance of steam and the generalization of electric trains and diesel, some have improved their rolling stock whilst others retain the original rolling stock for the service. Alaris RENFE Class 490 Madrid <> Valencia Madrid <> Castellón Madrid <> Gandía Madrid <> Oropesa de Mar Barcelona <> Valencia Barcelona <> Alicante Altaria Locomotive + Talgo cars IV/VI/VII Madrid <> Algeciras Madrid <> Granada Madrid <> Cartagena Madrid <> Murcia Alvia RENFE Class 120 Madrid <> Pamplona Madrid <> Logroño Madrid <> Hendaya Madrid <> Irún Barcelona <> Vigo RENFE Class 130 Madrid <> Gijon Madrid <> Santander Madrid <> Bilbao Madrid <> Hendaya Alicante <> Gijon Alicante <> Santander Madrid <> Alicante Madrid <> Cádiz Madrid <> Huelva Madrid <> Leon Arco Locomotive + conventional passenger cars refitted for 200 km/h operation García Lorca Barcelona <> Extremadura/Andalucía AVE RENFE Class 100 Madrid-Puerta de Atocha <> Sevilla-Santa Justa RENFE Class 102 Madrid-Puerta de Atocha <> Huesca Madrid-Puerta de Atocha <> Zaragoza-Delicias] Estación de Madrid-Chamartín <> Valladolid-Campo Grande Madrid-Puerta de Atocha <> Málaga-Mª Zambrano RENFE Class 103 Madrid-Puerta de Atocha <> Barcelona-Sants Barcelona-Sants <> Málaga-Mª Zambrano Barcelona-Sants <> Zaragoza-Delicias Barcelona-Sants <> Sevilla-Santa Justa Euromed RENFE Class 101 Barcelona <> Valencia <> Alicante Intercity RENFE Class 448 Madrid-Chamartín <> Hendaya Talgo Locomotive + Talgo cars III/III-RD/IV/VI/VII Catalán Talgo Barcelona <> Montpellier Covadonga/Finisterre Barcelona <> Galicia/Gijón Mare Nostrum Cartagena <> Montpellier Miguel de Unamuno Barcelona <> País Vasco/Salamanca Barcelona <> Lorca Barcelona <> Murcia Madrid <> Galicia Alicante <> Galicia Madrid <> Almería Madrid <> Badajoz Madrid <> Bilbao Trenhotel Locomotive + Talgo cars and sleeper cars Antonio Machado Francisco de Goya Gibralfaro Joan Miró Pau Casals Rías Gallegas Salvador Dalí See also FEVE History of rail transport in Spain Rail transport in Spain Transportation in Spain References ^ a b Cinco Días. "El 41,3% de los ingresos de Renfe proceden ya del AVE". Retrieved 2010-12-28.  ^ Renfe. "El equipo humano, principal activo de Renfe" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-12-28.  RENFE Corporate Director of Information Systems Oscar Gomez Barbero speaks of Renfe´s Transformation at ESADE Business School in Madrid. External links RENFE's official website Eurail Passes for Spain v · d · eRail transportation in Spain Operators AVE  · RENFE  · FEVE  · EuskoTren  · Ferrocarril de Sóller  · Serveis Ferroviaris de Mallorca  · Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat Valenciana  · Ferrocarrils de la Generalitat de Catalunya  · Acciona  · COMSA Rail Transport Commuter lines Asturias  · Barcelona  · Bilbao  · Cádiz  · Madrid  · Málaga  · Murcia/Alicante  · Santander  · San Sebastian  · Sevilla  · Valencia  · Zaragoza Metro/Light rail Alicante  · Barcelona Metro  · Barcelona Tram  · Bilbao Metro  · Bilbao Tram  · Madrid  · Valencia  · Málaga  · Granada  · Jaén  · Vitoria-Gasteiz  · Palma de Mallorca  · Seville  · Tenerife  · Parla  · Vélez-Málaga v · d · eNational railway companies of Europe List of railway companies  · Rail transport by country  · Railway companies by country HSH • HYU1 • ÖBB • ADDY1 • BŽD/BČ • SNCB/NMBS • ŽFBH2 and ŽRS3 • BDŽ • HŽ • ČD • DSB • EVR • VR • SNCF • SR1 • DB • TrainOSE • MÁV • IÉ • FS • KTŽ1 • HK/KŽ4 • LDZ • LG • CFL • MŽ • CFM • ŽCG • NS • NSB • PKP • CP • CFR • RŽD • ŽS • ŽSR • SŽ • RENFE • SJAB • SBB/CFF/FFS • TCDD1 • UZ • BR5 / NR6 1Country partly in Asia • 2For the Federation BH • 3For Srpska • 4State with limited recognition • 51948-2000 • 6Created in 1999, owned by ATOC Wikimedia Commons has media related to: RENFE