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Elaphostrongylus Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Nematoda Class: Secernentea Order: Rhabditida Suborder: Strongylida Superfamily: Metastrongyloidea Family: Protostrongylidae Subfamily: Elaphostrongylinae Genus: Elaphostrongylus Cameron, 1931[1] Elaphostrongylus is a genus of parasitic nematodes in the family Protostrongylidae.[2] Species Elaphostrongylus cervi Cameron, 1931 Elaphostrongylus panticola Lubinov, 1945 Elaphostrongylus rangiferi Mitskevich, 1958 Life cycle Intermediate hosts of Elaphostrongylus spp. are terrestrial gastropods and they include: Limax cinereoniger[2] Malacolimax tenellus[2] Succinea spp.[2] Vitrina pellucida[2] Zonitoides nitidus[2] Experimental hosts of Elaphostrongylus spp. can also be freshwater snails.[2] For example Lymnaea stagnalis has been experimentally infected with Elaphostrongylus rangiferi.[3] Elaphostrongylus spp. causes cerebral nematodiasis.[2] Definitive host include Cervidae: moose Alces alces,[2] Cervus elaphus and reindeer Rangifer tarandus. References ^ Cameron (1931). J. Helminth. 9: 213. ^ a b c d e f g h i Olsson I.-M., Stéen M. & Mann H. (1993). "Gastropod hosts of Elaphostrongylus spp. (Protostrongylidae, Nematoda)". Rangifer 13(1): 53-55. PDF. ^ Skorping A. (1985). "Lymnea stagnalis as experimental intermediate host for Elaphostrongylus rangiferi". Zeitschrift fur Parasitenkunde 71: 265-270.