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Jomala —  Municipality  — Jomala kommun Welcome to Jomala! The coat of arms of Jomala features St. Olav sitting on a throne and holding an axe and a globus cruciger Coat of arms Location of Jomala in Finland Jomala Location in Åland Coordinates: 60°09′N 019°57′E / 60.15°N 19.95°E / 60.15; 19.95Coordinates: 60°09′N 019°57′E / 60.15°N 19.95°E / 60.15; 19.95 Country Finland Region Åland Sub-region Åland Countryside sub-region Government  - Municipal manager Harry Jansson Area(2011-01-01)[1]  - Total 686.96 km2 (265.2 sq mi)  - Land 142.53 km2 (55 sq mi)  - Water 544.43 km2 (210.2 sq mi) Area rank 184th largest in Finland Population (2011-01-31)[2]  - Total 4,102  - Rank 212th largest in Finland  - Density 28.78/km2 (74.5/sq mi) Population by native language[3]  - Swedish 92.1% (official)  - Finnish 4.7%  - Others 3.2% Population by age[4]  - 0 to 14 20.6%  - 15 to 64 67.1%  - 65 or older 12.3% Time zone EET (UTC+2)  - Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3) Municipal tax rate[5] 17% Website www.jomala.ax Jomala is a municipality of Åland, an autonomous territory of Finland. The municipality has a population of 4,102 (31 January 2011)[2] and covers an area of 686.96 square kilometres (265.24 sq mi) of which 544.43 km2 (210.21 sq mi) is water.[1] The population density is 28.78 inhabitants per square kilometre (74.5 /sq mi). The municipality is unilingually Swedish. Mariehamn Airport is located in Jomala. Contents 1 History 2 Sights 3 Culture 4 Geography 5 Villages 6 People from Jomala 7 References 8 External links History It is not known where the name Jomala comes from but it has been suggested that "jom" comes from the name of the Viking god Jom and "ala" means "place". Therefore Jomala would mean "the place where Jom is worshiped". However, "Jomala" is the name of a god common to many Finno-Ugric peoples. Jomala was inhabited around 2000 B.C with Jettböle being one of the most renowned prehistoric sites. Other ancient sites include Borgberget where there was a Viking fortress and Kasberget which was one of the many mountains where signal fires were lit when enemies were seen approaching. Before the city of Mariehamn was established in 1861, the peninsula where the city is situated was a part of Jomala. Sights The church of Jomala in 1991 The Jomala Rectory as seen by Lake Dalkarby in 1991. The rectory was built in 1848 and an Art Nouveau veranda was added in the beginning of the 20th century The church of Jomala is dedicated to the patron saint of Åland, St. Olav. It is the oldest stone church in Åland and it is situated in the village of Prästgården. The oldest parts of the church date from the 12th century. The church tower is 52 meters tall and there is also a memorial for all the Ålanders who have moved away. The "King of Åland" Julius Sundblom is buried here. In the old times there was a great estate on the eastern side of the church. The Lemström channel divides Jomala from its neighboring municipality, Lemland. It was widened by Russian POWs in 1882. The Kungsö battery was one of the ten coastal batteries which the Russians built in Åland during the First World War in 1916. The battery was situated 32 meters above sea level, on the highest point of Dalsberg. Finnish, Swedish and German troops invaded it in 1918. It was dismantled in 1919 by Finnish civilian workers. Culture Since Jomala belongs to the Swedish-speaking areas of Finland, Midsummer is celebrated every year by hoisting up a maypole. It was a tribute to the sun in the ancient times. Harvest festivities are held every September. Geography Jomala is bordered by Lemland in the southwest, Mariehamn in the south, Hammarland in the northwest, Finström in the north and Sund in the northeast. Villages Andersböle, Björsby, Buskböle, Dalkarby, Djurvik, Gottby, Gölby, Hammarudda, Hinderböle, Ingby, Jomalaby, Karrböle, Kila, Kungsöby, Möckelby, Möckelö, Norrsunda, Rasmansböle, Ringsböle, Sviby, Södersunda, Torp, Ulvsby, Vargsunda, Västansunda, Västerkalmar, Ytterby, Ytternäs, Ödanböle, Önningeby, Österkalmar, Överby. People from Jomala Janne Holmén, long distance runner, European champion in men's marathon Maria Jonsson, three-time Miss Sweden winner, 1991-1993 References ^ a b "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (in Finnish and Swedish) (PDF). Land Survey of Finland. http://www.maanmittauslaitos.fi/sites/default/files/pinta-alat_2011_kunnannimenmukaan.xls. Retrieved 9 March 2011.  ^ a b "Population by municipality as of 31 January 2011" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Information System. Population Register Center of Finland. http://vrk.fi/default.aspx?docid=4258&site=3&id=0. Retrieved 18 February 2011.  ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. http://pxweb2.stat.fi/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=060_vaerak_tau_107_fi&ti=V%E4est%F6+kielen+mukaan+sek%E4+ulkomaan+kansalaisten+m%E4%E4r%E4+ja+maa%2Dpinta%2Dala+alueittain++1980+%2D+2008&path=../Database/StatFin/vrm/vaerak/&lang=3&multilang=fi. Retrieved 29 March 2009.  ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. http://pxweb2.stat.fi/Dialog/varval.asp?ma=050_vaerak_tau_104_fi&ti=V%E4est%F6+i%E4n+%281%2Dv%2E%29+ja+sukupuolen+mukaan+alueittain+1980+%2D+2008&path=../Database/StatFin/vrm/vaerak/&lang=3&multilang=fi. Retrieved 28 April 2009.  ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. http://www.vero.fi/nc/doc/download.asp?id=7996;193801. Retrieved 13 March 2011.  External links Media related to Jomala at Wikimedia Commons Municipality of Jomala – Official website Map of Jomala municipality v · d · eMunicipalities of Åland Brändö · Eckerö · Finström · Föglö · Geta · Hammarland · Jomala · Kökar · Kumlinge · Lemland · Lumparland · Mariehamn · Saltvik · Sottunga · Sund · Vårdö Åland · Finland