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This article may need to be wikified to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. Please help by adding relevant internal links, or by improving the article's layout. (July 2010) Click [show] on right for more details. Please replace HTML markup with wiki markup where appropriate. Add wikilinks. Where appropriate, make links to other articles by putting "[[" and "]]" on either side of relevant words (see WP:LINK for more information). Please do not link terms that most readers are familiar with, such as common occupations, well-known geographical terms, and everyday items. Format the lead. Create or improve the lead paragraph. Arrange section headers as described at Wikipedia:Guide to layout. Add an infobox if it is appropriate for the article. Remove this tag. The neutrality of this article is disputed. Please see the discussion on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until the dispute is resolved. (July 2010) In a frequently cited paper[1] in the journal Science and later book [2] Eugene S. Ferguson, a mechanical engineer and historian of technology, claims what many engineers and technologists take for granted: visual reasoning is a widely used tool used in creating technological artefacts. There is ample evidence that visual methods, particularly drawing, play a central role in creating artefacts. Ferguson's visual reasoning also has parallels in philosopher David Gooding's[3] argument that experimental scientists work with a combination of action, instruments, objects and procedures as well as words. That is, with a significant non-verbal component. Ferguson argues that non-verbal (largely visual) reasoning does not get much attention in areas like history of technology and philosophy of science because the people involved are verbal rather than visual thinkers. Those who use visual reasoning, notably architects, designers and engineers, conceive and manipulate objects in "the mind's eye" before putting them on paper. Having done this the paper or computer versions (in CAD) can be manipulated by metaphorically "building" the object on paper (or computer) before building it physically. Nicola Tesla claimed that the first alternating current motor he built ran perfectly because he had visualized and "run" models of it in his mind before building the prototype. See also Scientific visualization Visual analytics References ^ Ferguson, Eugene S. 1977. The Minds Eye: Non-Verbal Thought in Technology. Science 197 (4306):827-836. ^ Ferguson, Eugene S. 1992. Engineering and the mind's eye. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. ^ Gooding, David. 1990. Experiment and the making of meaning : human agency in scientific observation and experiment. Dordrecht ; Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.