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Walkabout was an Australian illustrated magazine published from 1934 to 1974 combining cultural, geographic, and scientific content with travel literature. Initially a travel magazine, in its forty-year run it featured a popular mix of articles by travellers, officials, residents, journalists, and visiting novelists, illustrated by Australian photojournalists. Frank Clune, Brett Hilder, Wilfred Burchett, Ion Idriess, Ernestine Hill, Charmian Clift, George Farwell, Robin Boyd and Keith Dunstan were but a few of its name writers. Contents 1 History 2 Photojournalism 3 Stereotypes of indigenous Australians 4 Notes 5 References History Ostensibly and initially a travel magazine, Walkabout was published by the Australian National Travel Association (ANTA, formed in 1929). The income they derived from its sale provided for the Association's other activities in promoting tourism, 'to place Australia on the world's travel map and keep it there.' [1] It was assertively Australian, aiming to help 'Australians and the people of other lands [...] learn more of the vast Australian continent and its nearby islands,' and came to resemble the popular magazines that were to appear after World War II, and like the United States' National Geographic Magazine. From August 1946, Walkabout also doubled as the official journal of the newly formed Australian Geographical Society (AGS), founded with a five thousand pound grant from ANTA. This role is now filled by Australian Geographic magazine. Modern dynamic layouts and more lively captioning under the editorship (1960-1968) of Brian McArdle saw a brief increase in circulation due to more liberal, human-interest and cultural content, emulating the American Life magazine (1936-1972) and the French Réalités (founded 1946). In accounting for its demise, Max Quanchi writes '...it finally struggled against mass circulation weekly and lifestyle magazines in the early 1970s...'. In fact, Walkabout outlived Life by two years, which also succumbed to increasing publication costs, deceasing subscriptions, and to competition from other media and newspaper supplements. Photojournalism Walkabout was an early outlet for Australian photojournalism. Stories were liberally illustrated each with up to fifteen quarter-, half- and full-page photographs in black and white, and from the 1960s, sepia and colour photographs. (Walkabout also sponsored a national artistic and aesthetic photography competition in 1957 with a One Hundred Pound first prize). The original photography segment was later called “Our Cameraman’s Walkabout”, “Australia and the South Pacific in Pictures” (briefly including New Zealand in the title), “Australia in Pictures”, “Camera Supplement” and after 1961, “Australian Scene”. It began with as many as 23 photographs spread over 6-8 pages, but dropped to 6-10 photographs in the 1960s. The segment was often devoted to a single topic and in the 1960s to single-topic double-page spreads. Significant Australian photographers included in its pages were Frank Hurley, Max Dupain, Harold Cazneaux, Wolfgang Sievers, Laurence Le Guay, David Moore, Jeff Carter and Mare Carter, David Beal, Richard Woldendorp, Rennie Ellis and Robert McFarlane. Stereotypes of indigenous Australians Walkabout’s early to mid-century stance on depiction of Indigenous Australians was generally conservative, romantic and stereotyped, a reflection of the then prevailing national attitudes. An instance was Roy Dunstan's full-length portrait entitled “Jimmy” of 1935, standing heroically with a spear and gazing to the distance. 'Jimmy' was Gwoya Jungarai, a Walbiri man, but when his image, cropped to head and shoulders, appeared on the 1950 Australian stamp it was captioned 'Aborigine'. Though belatedly named in an editorial essay, the deprecating moniker 'One Pound Jimmy' stuck. Notes ^ http://www.nla.gov.au/exhibitions/sun/anta.html References Bolton, A. T. (ed.) WALKABOUT'S Australia : an anthology of articles and photographs from Walkabout magazine. Sydney: Ure Smith, 1964 ISBN T000019430 Quanchi, Max (2004) Contrary images; photographing the new Pacific in Walkabout magazine. Journal of Australian Studies (79):73-88