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For other ships of the same name, see USS Lake Champlain. USS Lake Champlain on exercises in early 1965 Career (United States) Name: USS Lake Champlain Namesake: Battle of Lake Champlain, 1814 Builder: Norfolk Naval Shipyard Laid down: 15 March 1943 Launched: 2 November 1944 Commissioned: 3 June 1945 Decommissioned: 2 May 1966 Motto: "The Straightest and the Greatest" Nickname: "Champ" Fate: Sold for scrap, April 1972 General characteristics Class and type: Essex-class aircraft carrier Displacement: As built: 27,100 tons standard Length: As built: 888 feet (271 m) overall Beam: As built: 93 feet (28 m) waterline Draft: As built: 28 feet 7 inches (8.71 m) light Propulsion: As designed: 8 × boilers 565 psi (3,900 kPa) 850 °F (450 °C) 4 × Westinghouse geared steam turbines 4 × shafts 150,000 shp (110 MW) Speed: 33 knots (61 km/h) Complement: 3448 officers and enlisted Armament: As built: 4 × twin 5 inch (127 mm)/38 caliber guns 4 × single 5 inch (127 mm)/38 caliber guns 8 × quadruple Bofors 40 mm guns 46 × single Oerlikon 20 mm cannons Armor: As built: 4 inch (100 mm) belt 2.5 inch (60 mm) hangar deck 1.5 inch (40 mm) protectice decks 1.5 inch (40 mm) conning tower Aircraft carried: As built: 90–100 aircraft USS Lake Champlain (CV/CVA/CVS-39) was one of 24 Essex-class aircraft carriers completed during or shortly after World War II for the United States Navy. She was the second US Navy ship to bear the name, and was named for the Battle of Lake Champlain in the War of 1812. Commissioned in mid-1945, Lake Champlain did not participate in World War II, but did serve as a transport, bringing troops home from Europe as part of Operation Magic Carpet. Like many of her sister ships, she was decommissioned shortly after the end of the war, but was modernized and recommissioned in the early 1950s, and redesignated as an attack carrier (CVA). She participated in the Korean War but spent the rest of her career in the Atlantic, Caribbean, and Mediterranean. In the late 1950s, she was redesignated as an antisubmarine carrier (CVS). She was the prime recovery ship for the first manned Mercury and for the third manned Gemini (Gemini V) space missions. Lake Champlain had a unique modernization history. She was the only Essex-class ship to receive the SCB-27 conversion, which was a rebuild of the superstructure, flight deck and other features, but not also receive the SCB-125 conversion, which would have given her an angled flight deck and hurricane bow. Therefore she had the distinction of being the last operational US aircraft carrier with an axial flight deck. Lake Champlain was decommissioned in 1966 and sold for scrap in 1972. Contents 1 Construction and Commissioning 2 Service history 2.1 Operation Magic Carpet 2.2 Korean War 2.3 Postwar Years 2.3.1 NATO, Middle East and reclassification 2.3.2 Project Mercury 2.3.3 Caribbean and Cuban Blockade 2.3.4 North Atlantic and Project Gemini 3 See also 4 References 5 External links Construction and Commissioning Lake Champlain was one of the "long-hull" Essex-class ships. She was laid down in a drydock at the Norfolk Navy Yard, Portsmouth, Virginia on 15 March 1943. The hull was launched from drydock on 2 November 1944. Lake Champlain commissioned on 3 June 1945. The ship was sponsored by Mrs. Warren Austin, wife of Senator Austin of Vermont. Service history Operation Magic Carpet USS Lake Champlain on 23 June 1945 After shakedown and visits to New York and Philadelphia, Lake Champlain was assigned to "Magic Carpet" duty to repatriate US military personnel. She departed Norfolk for England on 14 October, and arrived Southampton the 19th where she embarked veterans and returned them to New York. She set a speed record, averaging 32.048 kn, for crossing the Atlantic on 26 November 1945 when she arrived at Hampton Roads, Virginia, having completed a run from Cape Spartel, Africa, in 4 days, 8 hours, 51 minutes. This record stood until surpassed by SS United States in the summer of 1952. Korean War Lake Champlain was laid up in the reserve fleet at Norfolk on 17 February 1947. A few years later, the Korean War began and she was needed again. In August 1950, Lake Champlain began her SCB-27A modernization program at Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Co. She recommissioned on 19 September 1952. A shakedown cruise in Cuban and Haitian waters lasted from 25 November to 25 December. The carrier departed Mayport, Florida for Korea on 26 April 1953 via the Red Sea, Indian Ocean, and China Sea. Lake Champlain became the largest ship to date to transit the Suez Canal. She moored at Yokosuka, Japan on 9 June 1953. Lake Champlain in 1953-54. As flagship of Carrier Task Force 77 (TF 77), she sailed from Yokosuka on 11 June and arrived off western Korea on 14 June. The carrier's air group immediately launched sorties cratering runways; assaulting enemy troops; attacking trenches, bunkers, gun positions; and giving close air support to hard pressed ground forces. Her planes also escorted B-29 Superfortress heavy bombers on their way to enemy targets. Lake Champlain continued to strike at the enemy until the truce was signed on 27 July. Relieved by Kearsarge on 11 October, Lake Champlain headed toward the South China Sea arriving Singapore on 24 October. Bidding farewell to the Pacific Ocean on 27 October, she steamed toward home touching at Colombo, Port Said, Cannes, and Lisbon before arriving Mayport, Florida on 4 December 1953. Postwar Years NATO, Middle East and reclassification In the years that followed, Lake Champlain made several cruises to the Mediterranean, participating with NATO forces. On 25 April 1957, she joined elements of the fleet in a high-speed run to the scene of tension in the Middle East, cruising in the vicinity of Lebanon and backing Jordan's stand against the threat of Communism. The Tensions eased and Lake Champlain returned to Mayport 27 July. Converted to an antisubmarine carrier and reclassified (CVS-39) on 1 August, Lake Champlain trained off the eastern seaboard to master her new role. Lake Champlain was near the island of Majorca when the Spanish city of Valencia was devastated by floods on the night of 14 October 1957. The American ambassador to Spain, John Davis Lodge, requested that Lake Champlain provide assistance for rescue operations. The ship's Chickasaw helicopters undertook numerous rescue missions, and the ship's crew fought in the "mud battle" that followed the disaster. She departed Bayonne, New Jersey on 8 February 1958 for another Mediterranean cruise returning to Mayport, Florida on 30 October. After a yard overhaul, she departed for the Mediterranean on 10 June and visited Spain, Denmark, and Scotland, before returning to Mayport on 9 August. The carrier operated off Florida and in the Caribbean until 15 June 1958, when she sailed on another Mediterranean cruise returning to her newly assigned home port, Quonset Point, Rhode Island on 4 September. The carrier operated out of Quonset Point until 29 June 1960, when she made a midshipmen's cruise to Halifax, Nova Scotia, returning on 12 August. Beginning on 7 February, she made a cruise to the Caribbean, returning on 2 March. Project Mercury HUS-1 helicopter from Lake Champlain recovering the Freedom 7 capsule. Lake Champlain was selected as the prime recovery ship for America's first manned space flight. She sailed for the recovery area on 1 May, and was on station on the 5th when Commander Alan Shepard was recovered along with spacecraft Freedom 7 after splashdown some 300 mi (480 km) down range from Cape Kennedy. Helicopters from the carrier visually tracked the descent of the capsule and were over it two minutes after splashdown. They skillfully recovered Shepard and the Freedom 7 capsule, delivering them safely to Lake Champlain's flight deck. Caribbean and Cuban Blockade For the next year, the ship operated along the Atlantic coast and in the Caribbean. In June 1962, she embarked Naval Academy midshipmen for a summer cruise to Halifax, Nova Scotia and Kingston, Jamaica, where she represented the US at the island's celebration of its independence on 3 August. USS Lake Champlain as an anti-submarine carrier in 1960. On 24 October, Lake Champlain joined in a classic exercise of seapower—the quarantine of Cuba, where the Soviet Union was constructing bases for offensive missiles. To block this grave threat, U.S. warships deployed throughout the western Atlantic, choking off the flow of military supplies to Cuba and enforcing American demands for the withdrawal of the Russian offensive missiles. After the American demands were substantially complied with, Lake Champlain sailed for home on 23 November via St. Thomas, Virgin Islands, and arrived Quonset Point on 4 December 1962. For the next few months the carrier was in New England waters for operations and overhaul. In September 1963, while she was on a cruise to Guantanamo Bay, her training schedule was interrupted when she was ordered to Haiti to relieve distress caused by Hurricane Flora. Her helicopters located homeless victims and flew them food and medical supplies. North Atlantic and Project Gemini Lake Champlain returned to Quonset Point on 9 November for operations in New England waters. She visited Bermuda briefly in spring of 1964 and steamed to Spain in the fall for landings near Huelva. She sailed on 6 November from Barcelona for the United States, touched at Gibraltar and arrived at Quonset Point the 25th. The first half of 1965 found Lake Champlain performing training duties and conducting exercises up and down the East Coast. For FY 1966, the Navy proposed a modernization program for Lake Champlain. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara refused to authorize the proposal, citing the limited effectiveness of anti-submarine carriers. Lake Champlain completed her last major duty on 5 August when she served as the primary recovery ship for Gemini 5. Shortly afterward, she sailed to Philadelphia Navy Yard, where she commenced inactivation. She was decommissioned on 2 May 1966 and was laid up in the Reserve Fleet. The 24-year-old Lake Champlain was stricken from the Navy List on 1 December 1969, and sold by the Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (DRMS) for scrapping on 28 April 1972. See also List of aircraft carriers List of aircraft carriers of the United States Navy List of World War II ships References This article includes text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.  This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Naval History & Heritage Command. External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: USS Lake Champlain (CV-39) History of the Lake Champlain Naval Historical Center page on Lake Champlain v · d · e Essex-class aircraft carrier Short-hull group Essex · Yorktown · Intrepid · Hornet · Franklin · Lexington · Bunker Hill · Wasp · Bennington · Bon Homme Richard Long-hull group Ticonderoga · Randolph · Hancock · Boxer · Leyte · Kearsarge · Oriskany · Reprisal · Antietam · Princeton · Shangri-La · Lake Champlain · Tarawa · Valley Forge · Iwo Jima · Philippine Sea Modernization Programs SCB-27 · SCB-125 Preceded by: USS Wasp · Followed by: Midway class List of aircraft carriers of the United States Navy