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Canadian federal election, 1945 1940 ← members June 11, 1945 → 1949 members 245 seats in the 20th Canadian Parliament 123 seats needed for a majority   First party Second party   Leader William Lyon Mackenzie King John Bracken Party Liberal PC Leader since 1919 1942 Leader's seat Prince Albert (lost) Neepawa Last election 177 39 Seats won 118 67 Seat change -59 +27 Popular vote 2,086,545 1,448,744 Percentage 39.78% 27.62% Swing -11.54% -2.79%   Third party Fourth party   Leader Major James Coldwell Solon Earl Low Party CCF Social Credit Leader since 1942 1944 Leader's seat Rosetown—Biggar Peace River Last election 8 10 Seats won 28 13 Seat change +20 +3 Popular vote 815,720 212,220 Percentage 15.55% 4.05% Swing +7.31% +1.46% Prime Minister before election William Lyon Mackenzie King Liberal Prime Minister-designate William Lyon Mackenzie King Liberal The Canadian federal election of 1945 was the 20th general election in Canadian history. It was held June 11, 1945 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons of the 20th Parliament of Canada. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King's Liberal government was re-elected to its third consecutive government, although this time with a minority government as the Liberals fell 9 seats short of a majority. Although the election officially resulted in a minority government, the election of eight "Independent Liberal" MPs, most of whom did not run as official Liberals because of their opposition to conscription (see Conscription Crisis of 1944), gave the King government an effective working majority in parliament. Most of the Independent Liberal MPs joined (or re-joined) the Liberal caucus following World War II when the conscription issue became moot. The federal election was the first since the victory of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation in the Saskatchewan provincial election, and many predicted a major breakthrough for the CCF nationally. A Gallup poll from September 1943 showed the CCF with a one point lead over both the Liberals and Conservatives. The party was expected to win 70 to 100 seats, possibly even enough to form a minority government. Despite the expectations, the party only won 28 seats. 1945 was also the first test of the newly named Progressive Conservatives. The Conservative Party had changed its name in 1942 when former Progressive Party Premier of Manitoba John Bracken became its leader. The party improved its standing in terms of number of seats compared to the old Conservative Party, but also recorded a reduced share of the popular vote (indeed, the lowest in any election prior to 1993) and fell far short of challenging Liberal hegemony. A key issue in this election seems to have been electing a stable government. The Liberals urged voters to "Return the Mackenzie King Government", and argued that only the Liberal Party had a "preponderance of members in all nine provinces". Mackenzie King threatened to call a new election if he was not given a majority: "We would have confusion to deal with at a time when the world will be in a very disturbed situation. The war in Europe is over, but unrest in the east is not over." The Progressive Conservatives tried to capitalize on the massive mid-campaign victory by the Ontario Progressive Conservative Party in the 1945 Ontario provincial election. PC campaign ads exhorted voters to rally behind their party: "Ontario shows! Only Bracken can win!", and suggesting that it would be impossible to form a majority government in the country without a plurality of seats in Ontario, which only the Tories could win. In the event, the Liberals fell just short of a majority even though they won only 34 seats in Ontario to the PCs' 48 seats. Eight "Independent Liberal" MPs could be expected to support the government. Social welfare programs were also an issue in the campaign. Another Liberal slogan encouraged voters to "Build a New Social Order" by endorsing the Liberal platform, which included $750 million to provide land, jobs and business support for veterans; $400 million of public spending to build housing; $250 million for family allowances; establishing an Industrial development Bank; loans to farmers, floor prices for agricultural products; tax reductions. Campaigning under the slogan, "Work, Security, and Freedom for All -- with the CCF", the CCF promised to retain war-time taxes on high incomes and excess profits in order to fund social services, and to abolish the Canadian Senate. The CCF fought hard to prevent the support of labour from going to the Labour-Progressive Party (i.e., the Communist Party of Canada). The LPP, for its part, pointed out that the CCF's refusal to enter into an electoral pact with the LPP had cost the CCF 100,000 votes in the Ontario election, and had given victory to the Ontario PCs. It urged voters to "Make Labor a Partner in Government." The Social Credit Party of Canada tried, with modest success, to capitalize on the positive image of the Alberta Socred government of William Aberhart, asking voters, "Good Government in Alberta -- Why Not at Ottawa?". Referring to social credit monetary theories, the party encouraged voters to "Vote for the National Dividend". The Canadian parliament after the 1945 election Contents 1 National results 2 Results by province 3 See also 4 References National results Party Party leader # of candidates Seats Popular vote 1940 Elected % Change # % % Change      Liberal Mackenzie King 236 177 118 -33.9% 2,086,545 39.78% -11.54%      Progressive Conservative1 John Bracken 203 39 66 +66.7% 1,448,744 27.62% -2.79%      Co-operative Commonwealth M.J. Coldwell 205 8 28 +250% 815,720 15.55% +7.31%      Social Credit2 Solon Low 93 10 13 +30.0% 212,220 4.05% +1.46%      Independent Liberal 20 2 8 +300% 93,791 1.79% -1.40%      Independent 64 1 6 +500% 256,381 4.89% +3.65%      Bloc populaire canadien Maxime Raymond 35 * 2 * 172,765 3.29% *      Labour Progressive3 Tim Buck 68 - 1   111,892 2.13% +1.94%      Independent PC 8 * 1 * 14,541 0.28% *      Independent CCF4 2 * 1 * 6,402 0.12% *      Liberal-Progressive   1 3 1 -66.7% 6,147 0.12% -0.48%      National Government5   1   -   4,872 0.09%        Trades Union   1 * - * 4,679 0.09% *      Farmer-Labour   2 - - - 3,620 0.07% -0.11%      Independent Conservative 1 - - -100% 2,653 0.05% -0.18%      Democratic W.R.N. Smith 5 * - * 2,603 0.05% *      Union of Electors   1 * - * 596 0.01% *      Socialist Labour   2 * - * 459 0.01% *      Labour   1 - - - 423 0.01% -0.07%      Liberal-Labour   1 * - * 345 0.01% *      Independent Labour 1 * - * 241 x *      Unknown 1 - - - 70 x x Total 952 243 245 - 5,245,709 100%   Sources: http://www.elections.ca -- History of Federal Ridings since 1867 Notes: * The party did not nominate candidates in the previous election. x - less than 0.005% of the popular vote. 1 1945 Progressive Conservative vote compared to 1940 National Government + Conservative vote. 2 1945 Social Credit vote compared to 1940 New Democracy + Social Credit vote. 3 1945 Labour Progressive vote compared to 1940 Communist vote. 4 The successful "Independent CCF" candidate ran as a People's Co-operative Commonwealth Federation candidate. 5 One Progressive Conservative candidate ran under the "National Government" label that the party had used in the 1940 election. Results by province Party name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE YK Total      Liberal Seats: 5 2 2 9 34 47 7 9 3   118      Popular Vote: 27.5 21.8 33.0 32.7 40.8 46.5 50.0 45.7 48.4   39.8      Progressive Conservative Seats: 5 2 1 2 48 1 3 2 1 1 66      Vote: 30.0 18.7 18.8 24.9 41.4 9.7 38.3 36.8 47.4 40.0 27.6      Co-operative Commonwealth Seats: 4 - 18 5 - - - 1 - - 28      Vote: 29.4 18.4 44.4 31.6 14.3 2.4 7.4 16.7 4.2 27.5 15.6      Social Credit Seats: - 13 - - - -         13      Vote: 2.3 36.6 3.0 3.2 0.2 4.4         4.0      Independent Liberal Seats: 1         7 -       8      Vote: 1.7         5.9 1.1       1.8      Independent Seats:       - - 6 - -     6      Vote:       0.8 0.4 16.9 3.2 0.2     4.9      Bloc populaire Seats:         - 2         2      Vote:         0.3 11.9         3.3      Labour Progressive Seats: - - - - - 1   -   - 1      Vote: 5.9 4.5 0.8 5.0 2.0 1.0   0.6   32.4 2.1      Independent PC Seats:         - 1         1      Vote:         xx 1.0         0.3      Independent CCF Seats: 1         -         1      Vote: 1.4         xx         0.1      Liberal-Progressive Seats:       1             1      Vote:       1.9             0.1 Total Seats 16 17 21 17 82 65 10 12 4 1 245 Parties that won no seats:      National Government Vote:         0.3           0.1      Trades Union Vote: 1.1                   0.1      Farmer-Labour Vote:         0.2           0.1      Independent Conservative Vote:           0.2         0.1      Democratic Vote: 0.6                   xx      Union of Electors Vote:           xx         xx      Socialist Labour Vote: 0.1                   xx      Labour Vote:           xx         xx      Liberal-Labour Vote:           xx         xx      Independent Labour Vote:         0.1           xx      Unknown Vote:           xx         xx xx - less than 0.05% of the popular vote. See also Canadian politics portal List of Canadian federal general elections List of political parties in Canada 20th Canadian Parliament References v · d · e  Canadian federal elections and referendums Elections 1867 · 1872 · 1874 · 1878 · 1882 · 1887 · 1891 · 1896 · 1900 · 1904 · 1908 · 1911 · 1917 · 1921 · 1925 · 1926 · 1930 · 1935 · 1940 · 1945 · 1949 · 1953 · 1957 · 1958 · 1962 · 1963 · 1965 · 1968 · 1972 · 1974 · 1979 · 1980 · 1984 · 1988 · 1993 · 1997 · 2000 · 2004 · 2006 · 2008 · 2011 · next Referendums 1898 · 1942 · 1992 Federal political parties · Federal electoral districts · Historical federal electoral districts · By-elections