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IA 63 Pampa IA-63 Pampa II of Argentine Air Force Role Advanced trainer, light attack Manufacturer Fabrica Militar de Aviones First flight 6 October 1984 Introduced 1988 Status Operational Primary user Argentine Air Force Number built 27 Developed from Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet The FMA IA 63 Pampa is an advanced trainer aircraft with combat capability, produced in Argentina by Fabrica Militar de Aviones (FMA) with assistance from Dornier of Germany. Contents 1 Design and development 2 Variants 2.1 IA 63 2.2 Vought Pampa 2000 2.3 AT-63 Pampa 3 Operators 4 Specifications (IA 63) 5 See also 6 References 7 External links Design and development Preliminary design studies for a replacement for the Morane-Saulnier MS-760 of the Argentine Air Force started at the Fábrica Militar de Aviones (FMA) in 1978, with these studies resulting in selection of a proposal powered by a single Garrett TFE731 turbofan with high, unswept wings. At the same time the FMA signed a partnership agreement with Dornier to develop the new aircraft.[1] Although influenced by the Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet design, the Pampa differs in being a smaller aircraft, it is also single-engined and has straight supercritical wings rather than the swept ones of the Alpha Jet. It is constructed mainly of aluminium alloy, with carbon-fibre used for components such as the air intakes. The crew of two sit in Tandem under a single piece clamshell canopy.[2] The avionics systems are also simpler than the Franco-German aircraft, which has an important secondary combat role. The Pampa prototype first flew on 6 October 1984.[3] Variants IA 63 Production of the initial series has been delayed and hampered by the state of the Argentinian economy, and as a result only 18 production aircraft have been built in the first batch (1988–90) and 6 in the second batch (2006–07) for the Argentine Air Force. First deliveries occurred in April 1988.[4] They are in service – all modernized – with the IV Brigada Aérea (IV Air Brigade) at Mendoza in the advanced training role of Argentine pilots (18 aircraft active). Vought Pampa 2000 In the 1990s, LTV/Vought selected the IA 63 as the basis for the Pampa 2000, which Vought entered into the Joint Primary Aircraft Training System competition for the United States Air Force. The Pampa 2000 lost to the Beechcraft/Raytheon entry which became the T-6 Texan II. AT-63 Pampa With the acquisition of FMA by Lockheed Martin the Pampa went through a midlife upgrade with new engine and a more advanced avionics package compatible with the A-4AR and weapon system. This new project is called AT-63 Pampa (for attack trainer) and is marketed by Lockheed Martin. The only client is the Argentine Air Force. Operators  Argentina Argentine Air Force Specifications (IA 63) IA-63 armament Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1988–89 [5] General characteristics Crew: two Length: 10.93 m (35 ft 10¼ in) Wingspan: 9.69 m (31 ft 9¼ in) Height: 4.29 m (14 ft 1 in) Wing area: 15.63 m² (168.2 ft²) Airfoil: Dornier DoA-7 Empty weight: 2,821 kg (6,219 lb) Loaded weight: 3,500 kg (7,716 lb) Max takeoff weight: 5,000 kg (11,023 lb) Powerplant: 1 × Garrett TFE731-2-2N turbofan, 15.57 kN (3,500 lbf) Performance Never exceed speed: Mach 0.81 (at 9,500 m (31,170 ft)) Maximum speed: 819 km/h (442 knots, 509 mph) at 7,000 m (22,965 ft) Cruise speed: 747 km/h (403 knots, 464 mph) at 4,000 m (13,125 ft) Range: 1,500 km (809 nmi, 932 mi) Service ceiling: 12,900 m (42,325 ft) Rate of climb: 30.2 m/s (5,950 ft/min) Armament Hardpoints: 5 with a capacity of 400 kg (880 lb) on inboard underwing pylons 250 kg (550 lb) on fuselage centerline and outer wing pylons See also Related development Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet References ^ Flores 1987, pp. 59—60. ^ Flores 1987, p.64. ^ Flores 1987, p.66. ^ Taylor 1999, p.1. ^ Taylor 1988, pp. 3—4. Flores, Jackson, (Jr). "The Pampa...A Tutor with a Teutonic Flavour". Air International, February 1987, Vol 32 No. 2. Bromley, UK:Fine Scroll. ISSN 0306-5634. pp. 59—66, 90. Taylor, John W.R. Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1988–89. Coulsden, UK:Jane's Defence Data, 1988. ISBN 0-7106-0867-5. Taylor, Michael J.H. Brassey's World Aircraft & Systems Directory 1999/2000. London:Brassey's, 1999. ISBN 1-85753-245-7. External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to: FMA IA 63 Pampa AT-63 Official page at Lockheed Martin website Global Security.org page Plane specifications v · d · eAircraft produced by Fabrica Militar de Aviones C.1 • C.2 • C.3 • C.4 MB.1 • MB.2 • ME.1 • MO.1 • MOe.1 • MOe.2 • MS.1 • T.1 FMA 20 • FMA 21 • IAe 22 • IAe 23 • IAe 24 • IAe 25 • IAe 27 • IAe 28 • IAe 30 • IAe 31 • IAe 32 • IAe 33 • IAe 34 • IAe 35 • IAe 36 • IAe 37 • IAe 38 • IA 41 • IA 43 • IA 44 • IA 45 • IA 46 • IA 47 • IAe 48 • IA 49 • IA 50 • IA 51 • IA 52 • IA 53 • IA 54 • IA 55 • IA 56 • IA 58 • IA 59 • IA 60 • IA 62 • IA 63 • IA 66 • IA 67 • IA 68 • IA 70 v · d · eLists relating to aviation General Timeline of aviation · Aircraft (manufacturers) · Aircraft engines (manufacturers) · Rotorcraft (manufacturers) · Airlines (defunct) · Airports · Civil authorities · Museums Military Air forces · Aircraft weapons · Experimental aircraft · Missiles · Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) Accidents/incidents General · Commercial (airliners) · Military Records Airspeed · Altitude · Distance · Endurance · Most-produced aircraft