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Not to be confused with the fifth Sultan of Brunei Bolkiah. Hassanal Bolkiah Sultan Yang Dipertuan Negara Hassanal Bolkiah Sultan of Brunei Reign 4 October 1967 (&000000000000004300000043 years, &0000000000000305000000305 days) Coronation 1 August 1968(1968-08-01) (aged 22) Predecessor Omar Ali Saifuddien III Heir-apparent Al-Muhtadee Billah Spouse Pengiran Anak Saleha Pengiran Isteri Mariam (div. 2003) Azrinaz Mazhar Hakim (m. 2005, div. 2010) Issue Al-Muhtadee Billah Azim 'Abdul Malik Abdul Mateen 'Abdul Wakeel Rashidah Muta-Wakkilah Majeedah Hafizah 'Azemah Fadzilah Ameerah Born 15 July 1946 (1946-07-15) (age 65) Istana Darussalam, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei, British Empire Religion Muslim - Sunni General Haji Sir Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah GCB GCMG (born 15 July 1946) is the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam, the 29th Sultan of Brunei and the first Prime Minister of Brunei Darussalam. He was the eldest son of Omar Ali Saifuddien III, the 28th Sultan of Brunei, and Pengiran Anak Damit. Contents 1 Political role as Sultan 2 Early years and education 2.1 Other assets 3 Marriage and children 4 Controversies 5 Titles, styles and honours 5.1 Title 5.2 Acadamic honours 5.3 Military honours 6 See also 7 References 8 External links Political role as Sultan For further information on the politics of Brunei see the article, Politics of Brunei. Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah with President of People's Republic of China, Hu Jintao Hassanal Bolkiah Prime Minister of Brunei Incumbent Assumed office January 1, 1984 Monarch Hassanal Bolkiah (himself) Minister of Defence Incumbent Assumed office January 1, 1984 Minister of Finance Incumbent Assumed office January 1, 1984 Member of the Legislative Council Incumbent Assumed office September 25, 2004 Personal details Born Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah 15 July 1946 (1946-07-15) (age 65) Istana Darussalam, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Political party none Alma mater Royal Military Academy, Sandhurst, United Kingdom Religion Islam Under Brunei's 1959 constitution, the Sultan is the head of state with full executive authority, including emergency powers since 1962. On 9 March 2006, the Sultan was reported to have changed Brunei's constitution to make himself infallible under Bruneian law.[1] Bolkiah is also the Prime Minister as well as holding the portfolios of Minister of Defence and Finance. As Minister of Defence he is also the Supreme Commander of the Royal Brunei Armed Forces; an Honorary General in the British and Indonesian armed forces and an Honorary Admiral of the Fleet in the British Navy. He appointed himself as Inspector General of Police (IGP) of the Royal Brunei Police Force. He addressed the United Nations General Assembly on Brunei Darussalam's admission to the United Nations in September, 1984. In 1991, he introduced a conservative ideology to Brunei called Melayu Islam Beraja (MIB) (or Malay Islamic Monarchy), which presents the monarchy as the defender of the faith.[2] He has recently favoured Brunei government democratisation and declared himself Prime Minister and President. In 2004, the Legislative Council, which had been dissolved since 1962, was reopened.[3] His designated successor is his eldest son, Al-Muhtadee Billah. Early years and education He was born on 15 July 1946 in Brunei Town (now called Bandar Seri Begawan). He became crown prince in 1961 and sultan on 5 October 1967, after his father abdicated voluntarily. His coronation was held on 1 August 1968. Like his father, he has been knighted by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, of which Brunei was a protectorate until 1984. The Sultan received high school education in Malaysia's premier school Victoria Institution in Kuala Lumpur, where he joined the Cadet Corps (band). After receiving a private education in Brunei, the Sultan attended the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst in October 1967 but returned home to be the Crown Prince few months before graduation. Other assets Despite his personal extravagance, he has attempted to share the country's oil wealth. In Brunei, mockingly dubbed the "Shellfare State", a reference to the significant influence of the Shell Oil Company,[4][5] Bruneians have free education and medical services. There are neither personal nor corporate taxes in Brunei. His official residence is the Istana Nurul Iman, with 3,400 rooms, 290 bathrooms, and a floor area of 2,152,782 sq ft (200,000 m²), undisputedly the world's second largest palace after Beijing's Forbidden City (720,000 m²).[citation needed] The Istana is an official residence with offices housing the Offices of the Sultan and Yang DiPertuan, Grand Chamberlain's office, many istana departments like protocol, istana household and finance departments and offices of the Prime Minister's Department. Some offices of the Ministry of Defence and Ministries of Finance are also functional there as the Sultan is the Prime Minister, Minister of Defence and Minister of Finance. The Crown Prince, who is the Senior Minister, also works from offices at the istana. Hyatt Borneo Management Services and HM The Sultan's flight also maintain offices there. Marriage and children The Sultan currently has one wife, with Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajah Saleha being designated his first wife. His former second wife, Pengiran Isteri Hajah Mariam, was a former stewardess for the national carrier, Royal Brunei Airlines (RBA) whom he divorced in 2003, stripping her of all her royal titles. In August 2005 her place was taken by a former Malaysian TV3 presenter, Azrinaz Mazhar Hakim, who is 33 years younger than the Sultan. They divorced in 2010.[6] Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah is the crown prince and the Sultan's heir, the eldest son of the Sultan and Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha, his first wife. As of 2008, Hassanal Bolkiah has five sons and seven daughters with his three wives.[7] By HM Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha: HRH Princess Rashidah (born 26 July 1969) HRH Princess Muta-Wakkilah (born 12 October 1971) HRH Crown Prince General Dr Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah (born 17 February 1974) HRH Princess Majeedah Nuurul Bolkiah (born 16 March 1976) HRH Princess Hafizah (born 12 March 1980) HRH Prince 'Abdul Malik (born 30 June 1983) By HRH Pengiran Isteri Mariam (divorced in 2003): HRH Prince 'Abdul 'Azim (born 29 July 1982) HRH Princess 'Azemah (born 26 September 1984) HRH Princess Fadzillah (born 23 August 1985) HRH Prince Second Lieutenant 'Abdul Mateen (born 10 August 1991) By HRH Pengiran Isteri Azrinaz Mazhar Hakim (divorced in 2010): HRH Prince 'Abdul Wakeel (born 1 June 2006) HRH Princess Ameerah (born 28 January 2008) Controversies Between 2001 and 2005 a UK businessman, Mark Burby, was defrauded by two members of the Brunei royal family, Pengiran Ayub (the Sultan's cousin) and Pengiran Damit (the Sultan's sister-in-law).[8] The case went to trial, and the Brunei Royals were ordered to pay over £50M of lost earning to Burby.[8] After the judgement, Burby went to work for a more-senior Brunei Royal on the understanding that the Sultan would ensure that the debt was paid. As of July 2009[update], the debt remains unpaid.[8] Titles, styles and honours Title Monarchical styles of Hassanal Bolkiah Sultan of Brunei Darussalam Reference style His Majesty Spoken style Your Majesty Alternative style Sir The style and title of the Sultan in full is His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'Izzaddin Waddaulah ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Haji Omar 'Ali Saifuddien Sa'adul Khairi Waddien, Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Negara Brunei Darussalam.[9] Acadamic honours The Sultan received an honorary doctorate from a Russian university.[10] He has also been awarded an Honorary Doctor of Law degree from the University of Oxford, England, and an Honorary Doctor of Letters degree from the University of Aberdeen, Scotland. He received an Honorary Doctorate from the Chulalongkorn University of Thailand. In 2003, he received an Honorary Doctorate Degree in Humanities and Culture from Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM), Yogyakarta, Republic of Indonesia.[11] On 27 January 2005, he was awarded an Honorary Doctor of Laws by the National University of Singapore.[12] On 14 April 2011, he was conferred the Honorary Doctorate of Law by King's College London.[13] The scroll for the honorary doctorate was presented by Lord Duoro, the chairman of the Council of King's College London. He was awarded with an honorary doctorate in philosophy and humanities on 21 April 2011 from Universitas Indonesia, one of the oldest universities in Asia having been established 160 years ago.[14] Military honours The Sultan holds an honorary commission in the Royal Air Force of the United Kingdom as an Air Marshal.[15] He is also an Honorary Admiral of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom,[16] a title given to him by Queen Elizabeth II when he took the salute at the passing out parade of the 2001 summer term at Britannia Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, the Royal Navy's officer-training school in the United Kingdom. He has an English residence at Binfield Manor in Berkshire. In April 2008, he was made an honorary member of the Indonesian Satgas Atbara Special Operations Unit. He holds the rank of Honorary Colonel of Pakistan's Special Service Group (SSG), awarded to him during his visit to the Pakistan Army's SSG headquarters at Cherat.[17] He possesses red beret and paratrooper wings of the Black Hawk paratroopers, presented to him by the Indian Army during his state visit to India. See also List of Sultans of Brunei List of Brunei-related topics List of the wealthiest royals References ^ Sultan of Brunei Declares Himself Infallible, Hello, 9 March 2006. ^ "Country profile: Brunei". BBC News. 21 January 2010. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/country_profiles/1298607.stm. Retrieved 4 May 2010.  ^ "Sultan of Brunei reopens parliament". BBC News. 25 September 2004. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/3688860.stm. Retrieved 4 May 2010.  ^ http://www.inspirationthroughexploration.com/TravelBrunei.html ^ http://www.travelblog.org/Asia/Brunei/Bandar-Seri-Begawan/blog-132239.html ^ Brunei's sultan divorces Malaysian wife of 5 years ^ Royal Family of Brunei Birthday and Anniversary wishes – The Royal Forums ^ a b c "Search results for 'Mark Burby'". The Times (London). http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/sitesearch.do?x=38&y=5&query=Mark+Burby&turnOffGoogleAds=false&submitStatus=searchFormSubmitted&mode=simple&sectionId=674. Retrieved 4 May 2010.  ^ "Prime Minister". Prime Minister's Office of Brunei. http://www.jpm.gov.bn/. Retrieved 2011-04-24.  ^ "H. Bolkiah, Sultan of Brunei". Klosi News. 21 February 2010. http://www.klosi.org/news/klosi_news_vip/995.html. Retrieved 29 November 2010.  ^ http://www.rtb.gov.bn/NewsUpdate/2003/April03/100403/main1.htm ^ http://newshub.nus.edu.sg/pressrel/0501/050127.htm ^ "Honorary doctorate for Sultan". The Brunei Times. 15 April 2011. http://www.bt.com.bn/news-national/2011/04/15/honorary-doctorate-sultan-prince-abdul-azim-launches-uk-hotel-owned-brunei. Retrieved 18 April 2011.  ^ "Indonesia varsity to confer honorary doctorate on HM". The Brunei Times. 17 April 2011. http://www.bt.com.bn/news-national/2011/04/17/indonesia-varsity-confer-honorary-doctorate-hm. Retrieved 18 April 2011.  ^ The Air Force List, 2006. HMSO ISBN 0-11-773038-6 ^ Navy List ^ Sultan of Brunei made honorary colonel, Dawn, 20 May 2004. External links The Prime Minister's Office of Brunei Darussalam "Brunei Government" Brunei Resources.com "Brunei Resources" Leppard, David. "Sultan caught in property feud", Times Online, 30 July 2006 Kennedy, Dominic. "The prince, the lawyer and his wife lose out in court", The Times, 26 January 2007. article regarding Thomas Derbyshire and Faith Zaman losing appeal against freezing of assets in multi-million dollar fraud case Forbes World's Richest People 1997, Forbes.com Brunei's Battle Royal, Business Week Unofficial website about the sultan; linked 22 June 2011 Usborne, David. "Brotherly love runs out", 11 February 2006, about the sultan's legal fight with his brother; linked 17 February 2006 Sultan of Brunei, New Internationalist, May 2000 "By God's Will: A Potrait of the Sultan of Brunei Hassanal Bolkiah House of Bolkiah Born: 15 July 1946 Regnal titles Preceded by Omar Ali Saifuddien III Sultan of Brunei 1967 – present Incumbent Heir: Al-Muhtadee Billah Bruneian royalty Preceded by Ahmad Tajuddin Crown Prince of Brunei Pengiran Muda Mahkota 1965–1968 Succeeded by Al-Muhtadee Billah Political offices New title Post created Prime Minister of Brunei 1984 – present Incumbent Records Preceded by Bill Gates World's richest person 1997 Succeeded by Bill Gates v · d · eAPEC leaders Gillard · Bolkiah · Harper · Piñera · Hu · Ma · Tsang · Yudhoyono · Kan · Lee M. · Najib · Calderón · Key · O'Neill · Humala · Aquino III · Medvedev · Lee H. · Shinawatra · Obama · Trương v · d · eEAS leaders Gillard · Bolkiah · Wen · Hun · Singh · Yudhoyono · Kan · Thongsing · Najib · Thein · Key · Aquino · Medvedev · Lee H. · Lee M. · Shinawatra · Obama · Nguyen v · d · eASEAN leaders Bolkiah  · Thein  · Hun  · Yudhoyono  · Sayasone  · Najib  · Aquino  · Lee  · Shinawatra  · Trương