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Ras Karkar Arabic رأس كركر Governorate Ramallah & al-Bireh Government Municipality Coordinates 31°56′36.48″N 35°06′17.51″E / 31.9434667°N 35.1048639°E / 31.9434667; 35.1048639Coordinates: 31°56′36.48″N 35°06′17.51″E / 31.9434667°N 35.1048639°E / 31.9434667; 35.1048639 Population 1,663 (2007) Ras Karkar (Arabic: رأس كركر‎) is a Palestinian village in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate, located 11 kilometers (6.8 mi) northwest of Ramallah in the northern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the town had a population of 1,663 inhabitants in 2007.[1] The village, also known as Ras Ibn Samhan, is topped with a castle on a high, rocky and sharply sloping mountain surrounded by cactus trees. One of the many throne villages (a central village dominated by a semi feudal family which controlled tens of villages around it) in Palestine, the castle of the Samhan family, erected in 18th or 19th century, is the subject of a preservation effort, and provides proof of the great power and wealth held by its owners at the time.[2][3] Ras Karkar was ruled by Sheikh Ismail Ibn Samhan who was respected and appreciated by his clan for the many contributions and support that he provided. Sheikh Ismail was killed by the Abu Ghosh family which controlled another throne village near Ras Karkar, and the castle was handed over to his nephew Hussein. The majestic castle is surrounded with historic buildings, overlooking to the west the mountains leading to the Mediterranean Sea and to the south, the city of Jerusalem. The village fields below are planted with olive tress.[citation needed] Entering the now abandoned castle from the northern gate leads to a large courtyard surrounded by a row of rooms. Al-Iliyeh, which is the highest room in the three-floor castle, was used for administrative purposes and as the Sheikh's private refuge. Narrow hallways and oil storage containers, as well as decorations and poems carved in the castle's walls and stones are among the things one can see there. Footnotes ^ 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.114. ^ Marc-André Haldimann, Jean-Baptiste Humbert, Marielle Martiniani-Reber, Moain Sadeq, Musée d'art et d'histoire Genève, Hamdan Taha (2007). Gaza: à la croisée des civilisations: contexte archéologique et historique. CHAMAN Edition. p. 16. ISBN 2970043556, 9782970043553. http://books.google.ca/books?id=mET5E-z-nLoC&pg=PA16&dq=%22ras+karkar%22&lr=&as_brr=3.  ^ Israel Finkelstein, Zvi Lederman, Shelomoh Bunimovits, Ran Barkai (1997). Highlands of many cultures: the Southern Samaria survey : the sites. Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University Publications Section. p. 222. ISBN 9654400073, 9789654400077.  External links v · d · eRamallah and al-Bireh Governorate Cities Beitunia · al-Bireh · Ramallah · Rawabi · Municipalities Bani Zeid · Bani Zeid al-Sharqiya · Beit Liqya · Bir Zeit · Deir Dibwan · al-Mazra'a ash-Sharqiya · Ni'lin · Silwad · Sinjil · Turmus Ayya · al-Zaitounah (Abu Shukhaidem  · al-Mazra'a al-Qibliya)  · al-Ittihad (Beitillu · Deir 'Ammar · Jammala) · Taybeh Village councils Aboud · Abu Qash · Abwein · Ajjul · 'Atara · Beitin · Beit Ur al-Fauqa · Beit Ur al-Tahta · Bil'in · Beit Sira · Budrus · Burham · Burqa · Deir Ibzi · Deir Jarir · Deir Abu Mash'al · Deir Nidham · Deir Qaddis · Deir as-Sudan · Dura al-Qar' · Ein 'Arik · Ein Qiniya · Ein Siniya · Ein Yabrud · al-Janiya · Jifna · Kafr Ein · Kafr Malik · Kafr Ni'ma · Kharbatha al-Misbah · Kharbatha Bani Harith · Khirbet Abu Falah · Kobar · al-Lubban al-Gharbi · al-Midya · al-Mughayyir · Nabi Salih · Qarawat Bani Zeid · Qibya · Rammun · Rantis · Ras Karkar · Saffa · Shuqba · Surda · Yabrud Refugee camps Am'ari · Deir 'Ammar · Jalazone · Qaddura · Silwad This geography of Palestine article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.v · d · e