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Anderson County, Tennessee Anderson County Courthouse in Clinton Location in the state of Tennessee Tennessee's location in the U.S. Founded November 6, 1801 Seat Clinton Largest city Oak Ridge Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 345 sq mi (893 km²) 338 sq mi (874 km²) 7 sq mi (19 km²), 2.12% Population  - (2000)  - Density 71,330 211/sq mi (82/km²) Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4 Anderson County is a U.S. county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. Its population was 71,330 at the United States Census, 2000. The 2005 Census Estimate placed the population at 72,430 [1]. Its county seat is Clinton[1]. It is included in the Knoxville, Tennessee, Metropolitan Statistical Area. Contents 1 Geography 1.1 Adjacent counties 2 History 2.1 Tourism 3 Demographics 4 Cities and towns 5 References 6 External links // Geography According to the United States Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 345 square miles (893.5 km2), of which 338 square miles (875.4 km2) is land and 7 square miles (18.1 km2) (2.12%) is water. Adjacent counties Campbell County (north) Union County (northeast) Knox County (southeast) Roane County (southwest) Morgan County (west) Scott County (northwest) History Before the formation of Anderson County, Tennessee, that territory was initially land of what is today called the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, which had been settled by several pioneer families including the Wallace, Gibbs, Freels, Frost and Tunnell families. Although the Treaty of Holston, signed in 1791, was intended as a negotiation with the Cherokee to prohibit settlement of the area including what is today Anderson County, the treaty became ineffective as more settlers moved through the Appalachian Mountains from Virginia and North Carolina into Tennessee. The flooding of white settlers into the Indian domain was cause for several skirmishes, which eased after the Treaty of Tellico in 1798 (with an origination point for relinquished land from the Cherokee being the Tellico Blockhouse) allowed for greater ease in settling the area.[2] Anderson County was partitioned from a portion of Grainger County, Tennessee as well as a portion of Knox County, Tennessee, in 1801; neighboring Roane County, Tennessee, was also formed from a portion of Knox County, Tennessee, in 1801, making Anderson and Roane counties effectively called 'sister counties'.[3] Anderson County was named in honor of Joseph Anderson (1757-1847), who was at that time U.S. senator from Tennessee, and whose career also included judge of the Superior Court of the Territory South of the River Ohio and Comptroller of the U.S. Treasury. The construction of Norris Dam, the first dam built by the Tennessee Valley Authority, brought major changes to the county in the 1930s. Approximately 2900 families were relocated from reservoir lands in Anderson and nearby counties during the construction, which began in 1933 and was completed in 1936. The town of Norris was initially built as a planned community to house the workers involved in the construction of this dam. As a result of the dam completion and operation, the temperature of the downstream Clinch River bed changed, so that a former pearl industry which had been successful for many years evaporated as the mussels, once prevalent in the river, were not able to sustain life in the changed climate. During World War II, the federal government's Manhattan Project brought more change to the county, including the displacement of more families and the founding of Oak Ridge. The Museum of Appalachia in Norris commemorates pioneer and rural life of past decades in Anderson County and the surrounding region. Tourism Anderson County has a thriving tourism industry, thanks to major attractions such as Norris Lake, the Museum of Appalachia, and American Museum of Science and Energy, and the county is considered a part of the Norris Highlands. Demographics Age pyramid for Anderson County[4] As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 71,330 people, 29,780 households, and 20,518 families residing in the county. The population density was 211 people per square mile (82/km²). There were 32,451 housing units at an average density of 96 per square mile (37/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.36% White, 3.88% Black or African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.38% from other races, and 1.22% from two or more races. 1.10% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. According to the 2000 Census the largest ancestry groups in Anderson County were English (37%), Irish (14.7%), German (13.5%), Scots-Irish (4.5%) and Scottish (3.1%). There were 29,780 households out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.80% were married couples living together, 11.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.10% were non-families. 27.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.88. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 27.30% from 25 to 44, 25.50% from 45 to 64, and 16.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,483, and the median income for a family was $42,584. Males had a median income of $33,710 versus $23,467 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,009. About 10.20% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.40% of those under age 18 and 8.80% of those age 65 or over. Cities and towns Andersonville (unincorporated) Briceville (unincorporated) Claxton (unincorporated) Clinton Devonia (unincorporated) Fork Mountain (unincorporated) Fraterville (unincorporated) Lake City Marlow (unincorporated) Norris Oak Ridge Oliver Springs Rosedale (unincorporated) References ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ Overholt, James (1989). Anderson County, Tennessee. The Donning Company. pp. 13–20. ISBN 0-89865-770-9.  ^ Wells, Emma Middleton (1927). History of Roane County, Tennessee, Volume 1. The Lookout Publishing Company. pp. 9–11. ISBN 0-80638-003-9.  ^ Based on 2000 census data ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  External links Anderson County on FamilySearch Wiki. Resources for tracing your family tree in Anderson County. Anderson County on Sunshine Review Anderson County at the Open Directory Project Anderson county landforms Scott County Campbell County Union County Morgan County    Anderson County, Tennessee     Roane County Knox County v • d • e Municipalities and communities of Anderson County, Tennessee County seat: Clinton Cities Clinton | Norris | Oak Ridge‡ Towns Lake City‡ | Oliver Springs‡ Unincorporated communities Andersonville | Briceville | Claxton | Devonia | Fork Mountain | Fraterville | Marlow Footnotes ‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties v • d • e  State of Tennessee Nashville (capital) Topics History | Geography | Tennesseans | Constitution | Governors | Lieutenant Governors | General Assembly | Supreme Court | Tennessee National Guard | Law Enforcement | Visitor Attractions Grand Divisions East Tennessee | Middle Tennessee | West Tennessee Regions Blue Ridge Mountains | Cumberland Mountains | Cumberland Plateau | Highland Rim | Mississippi Plain | Nashville Basin | Ridge-and-Valley Appalachians | Tennessee Valley | Tri-Cities Major cities Bristol | Chattanooga | Clarksville | Jackson | Johnson City | Kingsport | Knoxville | Memphis | Murfreesboro | Nashville Counties Anderson | Bedford | Benton | Bledsoe | Blount | Bradley | Campbell | Cannon | Carroll | Carter | Cheatham | Chester | Claiborne | Clay | Cocke | Coffee | Crockett | Cumberland | Davidson | Decatur | DeKalb | Dickson | Dyer | Fayette | Fentress | Franklin | Gibson | Giles | Grainger | Greene | Grundy | Hamblen | Hamilton | Hancock | Hardeman | Hardin | Hawkins | Haywood | Henderson | Henry | Hickman | Houston | Humphreys | Jackson | Jefferson | Johnson | Knox | Lake | Lauderdale | Lawrence | Lewis | Lincoln | Loudon | Macon | Madison | Marion | Marshall | Maury | McMinn | McNairy | Meigs | Monroe | Montgomery | Moore | Morgan | Obion | Overton | Perry | Pickett | Polk | Putnam | Rhea | Roane | Robertson | Rutherford | Scott | Sequatchie | Sevier | Shelby | Smith | Stewart | Sullivan | Sumner | Tipton | Trousdale | Unicoi | Union | Van Buren | Warren | Washington | Wayne | Weakley | White | Williamson | Wilson Coordinates: 36°07′N 84°12′W / 36.11°N 84.20°W / 36.11; -84.20