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This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2011) The Celtic Helmet from Satu Mare, Romania (northern Dacia), an Iron Age raven totem helmet, dated around 4th century BC. A similar helmet is depicted on the Gundestrup cauldron, being worn by one of the mounted warriors (detail tagged here). See also an illustration of Brennus wearing a similar helmet. Brennus (or Brennos) is the name of two Gaulish chieftains famous in ancient history: Brennus (4th century BC), chieftain of the Senones, a Gallic tribe originating from the modern areas of France known as Seine-et-Marne, Loiret, and Yonne; in 387 BC, in the Battle of the Allia, he led an army of Cisalpine Gauls in their attack on Rome. Brennus (3rd century BC), one of the leaders of the army of Gauls who invaded Macedon and northern Greece and defeated the assembled Greeks at Thermopylae. The recurrence of the name Brennus make it likely that it was a title rather than a proper name. Indeed, the suffix -us means that it is almost certainly Romanised. The name Brennus is thus probably a title rather than a personal name. The name was seen by pre-modern scholars as identical with the modern Welsh word for "king", brenin.[1] Modern opinion, however, holds that the Welsh brenin is derived from the Celtic *brigantinos, meaning "(someone) pre-eminent, outstanding".[2] Examples in different forms of the name are: Brinno, whose name was said by Tacitus to be that of "a family of rebels". The personage named "Brennius" in Geoffrey of Monmouth's Historia Regum Britanniae who conquers Rome, probably created by that author from the two Brenni of history. A possible recollection of Geoffrey's "Brennius" is the "Englishman" called Brennus whom the Duke of Norfolk told the Imperial ambassador Eustace Chapuys about in 1530. In arguing Tudor claims to imperial status, the Duke stated that this man had founded Bristol and conquered Rome.[3] References Notes ^ Guest, Edwin; Origines Celticae (1883) ^ Karl, Raimund Thoughts on the Evolution of Celtic Societies University of Wales, 2007 ^ Thomas Healy, Times Literary Supplement 24 June 2005 p 25, reviewing Philip Schwyzer, Literature Nationalism and Memory in Early Modern England and Wales, Cambridge, 2005 General references John T. Koch, "BrĂ¢n, Brennos: an instance of Early Gallo-Brittonic history and mythology'", Cambridge Medieval Celtic Studies 20 (Winter 1990:1-20)