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Cross of St. George.This award was Imperial Russia's highest exclusively military award. Cross of St. George. First Class Indian Order of Merit won by Gurmukh Singh. Gurmukh Singh Saini (IOM, Cr St Geo) , a Sikh soldier from the village Gadram Badi of Ropar in district Ambala of the province of Punjab in British India, won the Indian Order of Merit 1st Class in World War I for splendid courage on the battlefield on the night of March 1, 1916.[1] He was also awarded the Cross of St. George, being Imperial Russia's highest exclusively military award for gallantry in the face of enemy, it held the same value and honor as the British Victoria Cross, US Medal of Honor, or French Legion of Honor (and would be the equivalent of the Indian Param Vir Chakra). The order was awarded to officers and generals for special gallantry, such as, personally leading his troops in rout of a superior enemy force, or capturing a fortress, etc.[2] The Cross of St. George was an extension of the Order of St. George for non-commissioned officers (NCOs), and like it Cross of St. George was awarded in four classes and only for extreme bravery in face of the enemy.[3] Contents 1 Award of the Indian Order of Merit: Lieutenant-Governor's Citation 2 See also 3 References 4 External links Award of the Indian Order of Merit: Lieutenant-Governor's Citation Gurmukh Singh Saini won the 1st Class Indian Order of Merit for his gallantry during World War I. He held the rank of Jemadar. Sir Michael O'Dwyer , Lieutenant-Governor of the Punjab in British India, read the following citation in his speech regarding Gurmukh Singh's 'splendid courage' and 'heroism' which won him the highest military honor for gallantry in the battlefield [1] : "...the Sikhs have so far won all the 18 military honours awarded to men of the Ambala District during this war. I will give you here the names of three of those men who have earned fame by their heroism. Jemadar Gurmukh Singh, a Saini Sikh of Gadram Badi in Rupar, won the 1st Class Order of Merit and the 2nd Class Cross of the Russian Order of St. George for his splendid courage on the night of the 1st March 1916 when he advanced under the greatest difficulties, continually crawling forward and digging himself in..." It must be noted that Gurmukh Singh Saini was different from the Sepoy Gurmukh Singh who was martyred in the legendary Battle of Saragarhi. See also Subedar Joginder Singh Sahnan Battle of Saragarhi List of Sikh soldiers Saini Gurdan Saini Krishan Kant Saini v · d · e   Sikhism topics    Gurus  · Guru Nanak Dev · Guru Angad Dev · Guru Amar Das · Guru Ram Das  · Guru Arjan Dev · Guru Har Gobind · Guru Har Rai · Guru Har Krishan  · Guru Tegh Bahadur · Guru Gobind Singh · Guru Granth Sahib Philosophy  · Beliefs and principles · Prohibitions  · Sikh Rehat Maryada  · Guru Maneyo Granth Practices  · Ardās · Kirtan · Langar · Naam Karan · Anand Karaj · Amrit Sanskar · Antam Sanskar  · Three Pillars · Kirat Karō · Nām Japō · Vaṇḍ Chakkō  · Sikh practices  · Five Ks  · Simran · Sewa · Chardi Kala · Dasvand · Jhatka Scripture  · Guru Granth Sahib · Adi Granth · Dasam Granth ·  · Bani · Chaupai · Jaap Sahib · Japji Sahib · Mool Mantar · Rehras · Sukhmani Sahib · Tav-Prasad Savaiye By country  · Australia · Afghanistan · Belgium · Canada · Fiji · India · New Zealand · Pakistan · Thailand · United Arab Emirates · United Kingdom · United States Other topics  · History · Ik Onkar · Waheguru · Khanda · Gurdwara · Harmandir Sahib · Khalsa · Khalsa Panth · Literature · Music · Names · Places · Politics  · Nanakshahi calendar · Bhagat Ramanand · Bhagat Farid · Bhagat Kabir · History of the Punjab · Sardar · Takht · Dastar · Sikh Gems  · Hinduism · Islam · Sikh Empire · Mela Maghi · 3HO · Diet in Sikhism · Satguru  · Sikhs    Portal:Sikhism    References ^ a b War speeches, pp 127, Author: O'Dwyer, Michael Francis, (Sir) 1864-, Subject: World War, 1914-1918; World War, 1914-1918 -- Punjab, Publisher: Lahore Printed by the Superintendent Government Printing, Possible copyright status: NOT_IN_COPYRIGHT, Language: English, Call number: AHR-1431, Digitizing sponsor: MSN, Book contributor: Robarts - University of Toronto, Collection: toronto [1] ^ "The Order of St. George, Imperial Russia's highest exclusively military order, was instituted in 1769 and came to be considered among the most prestigious military awards in the world... The order was awarded to officers and generals for special gallantry, such as, personally leading his troops in rout of a superior enemy force, or capturing a fortress, etc. Before membership in the Order could be granted, a candidate's case had to be investigated by a council composed of Knights of the Order." Source: http://www.gwpda.org/medals/russmedl/russia.html ^ "The St. George Cross was an extension of the Order of St.George for non-commissioned officers (NCOs), and like it St. George Cross was awarded in four classes and only for extreme bravery in face of the enemy." World War I: Encyclopedia, pp 768, Spencer Tucker, Priscilla Mary Roberts , Contributor Spencer Tucker, Published by ABC-CLIO, 2005, ISBN 1-85109-420-2, 9781851094202 External links http://www.shoorsaini.com